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中国传统星名中的星宿、星官和星座
Alternative TitleStar, Asterism and Constellation in Traditional Chinese Name System of Celestial Objects
李维宝1; 陈久金2; 冯永利1; 陶金萍1
Source Publication天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology)
2017-01
Volume14Issue:1Pages:132-134
DOI10.14005/j.cnki.issn1672-7673.2017.01.003
ClassificationP1-092
Contribution Rank第1完成单位
Indexed ByCSCD
Keyword中国 星宿 星官 星座
Abstract

中国古代对星空命名中的星宿、星官和星座是有区别的。星宿指二十八宿,它们作为计量天体的坐标,不考虑作为恒星或星座存在的意义。星官是指该星座作为官员星名而言,若星名没有官员的含义,则不可称星官而称星座。因此星座使用的范围更广,天官星名、动物星名和其它星名也可以叫星座。二十八宿也可叫二十八星座。以往的误解需要澄清。

Other Abstract

In ancient China, "star", "asterism" and "constellation" were different when used to denote celestial objects. As a special word, "star" indicates 28 star areas in the zodiacal belt. In terms of its original usage, it was just used for observing and calculating lunar movement. Later, it was applied to observe and calculate other celestial objects. However, it was used only as the coordinates to measure other celestial objects, without considering its significance as fixed star or constellation. "Asterism" was named for the officer in the sky, for example, a variety of officers in the government. However, an object name without the meaning of the officer cannot represent an asterism. For example, vehicles or other matters cannot be used to name an asterism. Names for constellations were adopted in a more popular manner: officers, animals as well as other matters can be used as the names of constellations. Those 28 star areas in the zodiacal belt can also be called 28 constellations.

Funding Project科技部历史观测资料整编[2014FY120300]
Funding Organization科技部历史观测资料整编[2014FY120300]
Language中文
Subject Area天文学 ; 天文学其他学科
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
ISSN1672-7673
CSCD IDCSCD:5905638
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/9930
Collection其他
Affiliation1.中国科学院云南天文台, 云南, 昆明, 650011
2.中国科学院自然科学史研究所, 北京, 100190
First Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李维宝,陈久金,冯永利,等. 中国传统星名中的星宿、星官和星座[J]. 天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology),2017,14(1):132-134.
APA 李维宝,陈久金,冯永利,&陶金萍.(2017).中国传统星名中的星宿、星官和星座.天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology),14(1),132-134.
MLA 李维宝,et al."中国传统星名中的星宿、星官和星座".天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology) 14.1(2017):132-134.
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