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黑子面积随黑子数变化的统计研究
Alternative TitleA Statistical Study on Sunspot Area Varying with Sunspot Number
冯雯1,2; 谢婧岚3,4,5; 李可军3,4
Source Publication天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology)
2016-04
Volume13Issue:2Pages:153-159
DOI10.14005/j.cnki.issn1672-7673.20150928.016
ClassificationP182
Contribution Rank第3完成单位
Indexed ByCSCD
Keyword太阳活动 黑子数 黑子面积 相关分析
Abstract

对1874年5月-2015年3月期间每月黑子数和黑子面积数进行数据分析,统计研究黑子数与黑子面积比例的变化。结果表明:黑子数与黑子面积非线性变化,在活动周极大时期更明显。二者的分布概率整体相似,都随数值增大而降低,但黑子面积下降得更明显,表明二者存在非线性关系。黑子数与黑子面积的比例在活动周极小时期约为10.2,在极大时期约为21.8,长期约为16.8。每个周的上升期和下降期确定的比例有微小差别,不同活动周确定的比例有小的差别,二者间的比例有减小的趋势。

Other Abstract

Statistical relation of sunspot area varying with sunspot number has been investigated through analyzing sunspot area and sunspot number with data acquired from May 1874 to March 2015. The obtained results are: (1) in general, distribution probabilities of both sunspot number and sunspot area are similar to each other; they decrease along with the increase of value; but the probability of sunspot area decreases more obviously, which implies that a non-linear relation between the two exists; (2) the non-linear relation is more clear during the solar maximum; (3) the ratio of sunspot area to sunspot number is about 10.2 during the solar minimum, 21. 8 during the solar maximum, and 16.7 on long-term basis; (4) the ratio of every ascent phase is slightly different from that of the descent phase,and the determined ratios of different solar cycles are different from one another, displaying little relation to both the maximum amplitudes of cycles and cycles lengths; and (5) the ratios tend to decrease with increasing cycle number.

Funding Project国家自然科学基金[11273057] ; 国家自然科学基金[11221063] ; 国家重点基础研究发展计划[2012CB957801] ; 国家重点基础研究发展计划[2011CB811406] ; 现代天文与天体物理教育部重点实验室开放基金课题资助项目
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金[11273057, 11221063] ; 国家重点基础研究发展计划[2012CB957801, 2011CB811406] ; 现代天文与天体物理教育部重点实验室开放基金课题资助项目
Language中文
Subject Area天文学 ; 太阳与太阳系 ; 太阳与太阳系其他学科
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
ISSN1672-7673
CSCD IDCSCD:5686167
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/9817
Collection太阳物理研究组
Corresponding Author李可军
Affiliation1.昆明理工大学分析测试中心,云南,昆明,650093
2.南京大学现代天文与天体物理教育部重点实验室, 江苏,南京,210093
3.中国科学院云南天文台,云南,昆明,650011
4.中国科学院太阳活动 重点实验室 ( 国家天文台) ,北京,100012
5.中国科学院大学,北京,100049
Corresponding Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
冯雯,谢婧岚,李可军. 黑子面积随黑子数变化的统计研究[J]. 天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology),2016,13(2):153-159.
APA 冯雯,谢婧岚,&李可军.(2016).黑子面积随黑子数变化的统计研究.天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology),13(2),153-159.
MLA 冯雯,et al."黑子面积随黑子数变化的统计研究".天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology) 13.2(2016):153-159.
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