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Alternative TitleNVST Multi-Channel High-Resolution Imaging System
陈宇超1,2; 金振宇1; 杨磊1
Source Publication天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology)
Contribution Rank第1完成单位
Indexed ByCSCD
Keyword观测采集系统 1m太阳望远镜 高分辨观测

1m太阳望远镜多通道高分辨成像系统是望远镜的重要终端设备之一,目前由Hα通道(线心656.283 nm)和Ti O通道(705.8 nm)构成。主要介绍了多通道高分辨观测系统软件的设计。观测系统在功能上主要实现了Hα通道多波长点扫描观测模式,Ti O通道多时间分辨率观测模式,以及为满足多通道发展的需求,如常规观测通道的增加以及探测器的更换等,在系统架构上采用了松耦合的分布式分层结构。

Other Abstract

The New Vacuum Solar Telescope is an 1-meter, ground-based telescope which offers the unparalleled performance to solar observations. One of the important instruments in the NVST is the multi- channel high-resolution imaging system, and in the system five main work wave length ranges, including Hot, TiO-band, G-band, Ca II (854.2nm) and He I (1083.0nm) are covered. Up to now, Ha and TiO-band channels are being used. The Ha channel is an arrow-band imaging system, equipped with a tunable Lyot filter. The interpretation of the narrow-band filtergram is difficult due to the crosstalk between the brightness and the Dopplershift modulation, therefore the observational system is required to perform the multi-offband observation in Hot channel to obtain a scanned profile in order to get meaningful physical information. The TiO- band is abroad-band imaging system and uses a high-cadence CMOS. To achieve much higher cadence for some specific observations, it should support to decrease the FOV to increase the acquisition speed of the camera. However, the software provided by the camera manufacturedis failed to meet the observation need so that a new observational software system is constructed to satisfy the different observational needs in two channels. Taking the factors into account that another three channel will soon be added and high-cadence cameras will come into uses, the software architecture designed for NVST acquisition system should provide the scalability and the flexibility to adapt to changes in technologies throughout the lifetime of NVST. To achieve this goal, the distributed multi-terminal deployment and a loosely coupled system is adopted. The system is based on a tiered software architecture implemented as three primary systems that are the Observation Control System (OCS), the Instrument Control System (ICS) and the Data Handling System (DHS). The OCS interacts with our staff and coordinates the overall observational operations. The ICS manages the instruments and the DHS manages the data operation including saving, processing and transferring. For decoupling the logical systems they can be developed independently so that the software architectures are separated into the functional architecture and the technical architecture, patterned similar to that adopted by the ACS (ALMA Common Service). The technical architecture describes the underlying implementation of the technical aspect, such as threading and message broadcasting. The functional architecture, in contrast to the technical architecture, describes the functional behavior. Therefore the container/component mode is adopted to achieve this separation of architectures. The container manages many components which provide functional behavior. This paper describes the deployment of acquisition system and the design of the software architecture on the top of the container/component mode to achieve the scalability and flexibility to adapt the changes in observational instruments and in observational methods

Funding Project国家自然科学基金[11203074] ; 国家自然科学基金[11273059]
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金[11203074, 11273059]
Subject Area天文学 ; 天文学其他学科 ; 计算机科学技术 ; 计算机软件 ; 计算机应用
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学 ; 工学 ; 工学::计算机科学与技术(可授工学、理学学位)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
First Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈宇超,金振宇,杨磊. NVST多通道高分辨观测系统软件设计[J]. 天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology),2016,13(1):75-81.
APA 陈宇超,金振宇,&杨磊.(2016).NVST多通道高分辨观测系统软件设计.天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology),13(1),75-81.
MLA 陈宇超,et al."NVST多通道高分辨观测系统软件设计".天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology) 13.1(2016):75-81.
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