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基于压缩-字对齐位图的天文海量数据实时索引
Alternative TitleMassive astronomical real-time data indexing based on compressed word-aligned bitmap
刘应波1,3; 王锋1,2,3; 季凯帆2; 邓辉2; 戴伟1,2,3; 梁波2
Source Publication计算机工程与应用(Computer Engineering and Applications)
2016
Volume52Issue:1Pages:37-41+140
DOI10.3778/j.issn.1002-8331.1401-0015
ClassificationTP39
Contribution Rank第1完成单位
Indexed ByCSCD ; 核心
Keyword字对齐位图索引 Fastbit 海量数据 大型望远镜
Abstract

澄江一米新真空大型天文望远镜(NVST)当前每天最大能产生2 TB,约十多万条的观测数据。由于这些数据量巨大并具有非结构化特性,使用离线构建索引会带来巨大时间开销,传统的关系型数据库难以满足快速索引和检索需求。针对这些问题,结合数据采集流程,提出了使用基于压缩的字对齐位图索引算法来在线实时构建索引。这种方式不仅克服了离线构建索引方式时,文件访问、FITS头读取和解析FITS头等操作带来的大量额外时间消耗问题,而且有助于解决海量太阳观测数据的高效检索难题。通过实验证明了在线实时构建索引方式能够极大地降低时间开销,也表明了该方式在天文海量数据索引和检索应用中的有效性和可行性。

Other Abstract

At present, New Vacuum Solar Telescope(NVST)is generating data more than 2 TB per day, and due to the characteristic of massive non-structure data, it is beyond traditional database systems to search efficiently for a subset of these extremely large with low latency and response time and time overtime is increasing by the way of off-line index building. Aiming at these problems, combined with the strategy of on-line real data indexing in observation data capture system, using an approach of the compressed word-aligned bitmap index for observation data indexing and querying is proposed. This approach cannot only save the time cost of accessing FITS file, reading FITS file header and parsing header keyword in off-line indexing mode, but also can solve the problem of massive solar data retrieval. Experiments show that time overhead can be reduced by using real-time data indexing, and the effectiveness and feasibility of the method are proved in the experiments.

Funding Project国家自然科学基金[U1231205] ; 国家自然科学基金[11263004] ; 国家自然科学基金[11163004] ; 国家自然科学基金[11103005] ; 云南省应用基础研究基金重点项目[2013FA013] ; 云南省应用基础研究基金重点项目[2013FA032]
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金[U1231205, 11263004, 11163004, 11103005] ; 云南省应用基础研究基金重点项目[2013FA013, 2013FA032]
Language中文
Subject Area天文学 ; 天文学其他学科 ; 计算机科学技术 ; 计算机软件 ; 计算机应用
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学 ; 工学 ; 工学::计算机科学与技术(可授工学、理学学位)
ISSN1002-8331
CSCD IDCSCD:5612319
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/9807
Collection其他
Affiliation1.中国科学院云南天文台,昆明,650011
2.昆明理工大学云南省计算机技术应用重点实验室,昆明,650500
3.中国科学院大学,北京,100049
First Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘应波,王锋,季凯帆,等. 基于压缩-字对齐位图的天文海量数据实时索引[J]. 计算机工程与应用(Computer Engineering and Applications),2016,52(1):37-41+140.
APA 刘应波,王锋,季凯帆,邓辉,戴伟,&梁波.(2016).基于压缩-字对齐位图的天文海量数据实时索引.计算机工程与应用(Computer Engineering and Applications),52(1),37-41+140.
MLA 刘应波,et al."基于压缩-字对齐位图的天文海量数据实时索引".计算机工程与应用(Computer Engineering and Applications) 52.1(2016):37-41+140.
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