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Measurement of the high-energy gamma-ray emission from the Moon with the Fermi Large Area Telescope
Ackermann, M.1; Ajello, M.2; Albert, A.3; Atwood, W. B.4; Baldini, L.3,5; Barbiellini, G.6,7; Bastieri, D.8,9; Bellazzini, R.10; Bissaldi, E.11; Blandford, R. D.3; Bonino, R.12,13; Bottacini, E.3; Bregeon, J.14; Bruel, P.15; Buehler, R.1; Caliandro, G. A.3,16; Cameron, R. A.3; Caragiulo, M.11,17; Caraveo, P. A.18; Cavazzuti, E.19; Cecchi, C.20,21; Chekhtman, A.22; Chiang, J.3; Chiaro, G.9; Ciprini, S.19,20; Claus, R.3; Cohen-Tanugi, J.14; Costanza, F.11; Cuoco, A.12,13; Cutini, S.19,20,23; D'Ammando, F.24,25; de Angelis, A.26; de Palma, F.11,27; Desiante, R.12,28; Digel, S. W.3; Di Venere, L.11,17; Drell, P. S.3; Favuzzi, C.11,17; Fegan, S. J.15; Focke, W. B.3; Franckowiak, A.3; Funk, S.29; Fusco, P.11,17; Gargano, F.11; Gasparrini, D.19,20; Giglietto, N.11,17; Giordano, F.11,17; Giroletti, M.24; Glanzman, T.3; Godfrey, G.3; Grenier, I. A.30; Grove, J. E.31; Guiriec, S.32,33; Harding, A. K.32; Hewitt, J. W.34; Horan, D.15; Hou X(侯贤)35,36; Iafrate, G.6,37; Johannesson, G.38; Kamae, T.39; Kuss, M.10; Larsson, S.40,41; Latronico, L.12; Li, J.42; Li, L.40,41; Longo, F.6,7; Loparco, F.11,17; Lovellette, M. N.31; Lubrano, P.20,21; Magill, J.43; Maldera, S.12; Manfreda, A.10; Mayer, M.1; Mazziotta, M. N.11; Michelson, P. F.3; Mitthumsiri, W.44; Mizuno, T.45; Monzani, M. E.3; Morselli, A.46; Murgia, S.47; Nuss, E.14; Omodei, N.3; Orlando, E.3; Ormes, J. F.48; Paneque, D.3,49; Perkins, J. S.32; Pesce-Rollins, M.3,10; Petrosian, V.3; Piron, F.14; Pivato, G.10; Raino, S.11,17; Rando, R.8,9; Razzano, M.10,50; Reimer, A.3,51; Reimer, O.3,51; Reposeur, T.52; Sgro, C.10; Siskind, E. J.53; Spada, F.10; Spandre, G.10; Spinelli, P.11,17; Takahashi, H.54; Thayer, J. B.3; Thompson, D. J.32; Tibaldo, L.55; Torres, D. F.42,56; Tosti, G.20,21; Troja, E.32,43; Vianello, G.3; Winer, B. L.57; Wood, K. S.31; Yassine, M.14; Fermi LAT Collaboration; Loparco, F; Mazziotta, MN
摘要We have measured the gamma-ray emission spectrum of the Moon using the data collected by the Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi satellite during its first seven years of operation, in the energy range from 30 MeV up to a few GeV. We have also studied the time evolution of the flux, finding a correlation with the solar activity. We have developed a full Monte Carlo simulation describing the interactions of cosmic rays with the lunar surface. The results of the present analysis can be explained in the framework of this model, where the production of gamma rays is due to the interactions of cosmic-ray proton and helium nuclei with the surface of the Moon. Finally, we have used our simulation to derive the cosmic-ray proton and helium spectra near Earth from the Moon gamma-ray data.
项目资助者National Aeronautics and Space Administration in the United States ; Department of Energy in the United States ; Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique in France ; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Institut National de Physique Nucleaire et de Physique des Particules in France ; Agenzia Spaziale Italiana in Italy ; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare in Italy ; Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) in Japan ; High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) in Japan ; Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) in Japan ; K. A. Wallenberg Foundation in Sweden ; Swedish Research Council in Sweden ; Swedish National Space Board in Sweden ; Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica in Italy ; Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales in France
学科领域Astronomy & Astrophysics ; Physics
WOS研究方向Astronomy & Astrophysics ; Physics
WOS类目Astronomy & Astrophysics ; Physics, Particles & Fields
被引频次:8[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
通讯作者Loparco, F; Mazziotta, MN
作者单位1.Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany
2.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Kinard Lab of Physics, Clemson, South Carolina 29634-0978, USA
3.W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA
4.Stanford Univ, SLAC Natl Accelerator Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 USA
5.Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Department of Physics and Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California at Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
6.Università di Pisa and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa I-56127 Pisa, Italy
7.Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy
8.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova, Italy
9.Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “G. Galilei”, Università di Padova, I-35131 Padova, Italy
10.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa, Italy
11.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy
12.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Torino, I-10125 Torino, Italy
13.Dipartimento di Fisica Generale “Amadeo Avogadro”, Università degli Studi di Torino, I-10125 Torino, Italy
14.Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Université Montpellier, CNRS/IN2P3, F-34095 Montpellier, France
15.Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, École polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, F-91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France
16.Consorzio Interuniversitario per la Fisica Spaziale (CIFS), I-10133 Torino, Italy
17.Dipartimento di Fisica “M. Merlin” dell’Università e del Politecnico di Bari, I-70126 Bari, Italy
18.INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, I-20133 Milano, Italy
19.Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) Science Data Center, I-00133 Roma, Italy
20.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy
21.Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy
22.College of Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030, USA and resident at Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, District of Columbia 20375, USA
23.INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, I-00040 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy
24.INAF Istituto di Radioastronomia, I-40129 Bologna, Italy
25.Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università di Bologna, I-40127 Bologna, Italy
26.Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Udine and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, Gruppo Collegato di Udine, I-33100 Udine
27.Università Telematica Pegaso, Piazza Trieste e Trento, 48, I-80132 Napoli, Italy
28.Università di Udine, I-33100 Udine, Italy
29.Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
30.Laboratoire AIM, CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Université Paris Diderot, Service d’Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
31.Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, District of Columbia 20375-5352, USA
32.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USA
33.NASA Postdoctoral Program Fellow, USA
34.Department of Physics, University of North Florida, 1 UNF Drive, Jacksonville, Florida 32224, USA
35.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650216, China
36.Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650216, China
37.Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, I-34143 Trieste, Italy
38.Science Institute, University of Iceland, IS-107 Reykjavik, Iceland
39.Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
40.Department of Physics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
41.The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmoparticle Physics, AlbaNova, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
42.Institute of Space Sciences (IEEC-CSIC), Campus UAB, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain
43.Department of Physics and Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA
44.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
45.Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan
46.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Roma “Tor Vergata”, I-00133 Roma, Italy
47.Center for Cosmology, Physics and Astronomy Department, University of California, Irvine, California 92697-2575, USA
48.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado 80208, USA
49.Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, D-80805 München, Germany
50.Funded by contract FIRB-2012-RBFR12PM1F from the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR)
51.Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik and Institut für Theoretische Physik, Leopold-Franzens-Universität Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria
52.Centre d’Études Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, IN2P3/CNRS, Université Bordeaux 1, BP120, F-33175 Gradignan Cedex, France
53.NYCB Real-Time Computing Inc., Lattingtown, New York 11560-1025, USA
54.Department of Physical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan
55.Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany
56.Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), E-08010 Barcelona, Spain
57.Department of Physics, Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA
58.European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
59.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Milano, I-20133 Milano, Italy
GB/T 7714
Ackermann, M.,Ajello, M.,Albert, A.,et al. Measurement of the high-energy gamma-ray emission from the Moon with the Fermi Large Area Telescope[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW D,2016,93(8).
APA Ackermann, M..,Ajello, M..,Albert, A..,Atwood, W. B..,Baldini, L..,...&Mazziotta, MN.(2016).Measurement of the high-energy gamma-ray emission from the Moon with the Fermi Large Area Telescope.PHYSICAL REVIEW D,93(8).
MLA Ackermann, M.,et al."Measurement of the high-energy gamma-ray emission from the Moon with the Fermi Large Area Telescope".PHYSICAL REVIEW D 93.8(2016).
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