YNAO OpenIR  > 选址与日冕观测组
Alternative TitleThe Research Progress of Solar Spicules Observation
赵瑞娟1,2; 张宇宗3; 刘煜1; 田占军1; 赵明宇1; 徐稚1; 申远灯1
Source Publication天文学进展(Progress In Astronomy)
Contribution Rank第1完成单位
Indexed ByCSCD ; 核心
KeywordSot/hinode Ⅰ型针状体 Ⅱ型针状体 纤维 日芒 磁重联

针状体是太阳的基本结构,人们对它的研究已有100多年的历史,在观测和理论方面取得突破性进展。由于针状体本身的特点(小结构尺度、高动态、短寿命),对它的观测研究十分依赖望远镜的分辨率。文章主要描述借助于Hinode卫星搭载的SOT空间望远镜、SST(The Swedish1-m SolarTelescope,瑞典1 m太阳望远镜)等地基太阳望远镜所取得的关于色球针状体及其日面对应物的观测研究成果。主要包括以下几个方面:(1)针状体的形态,如轨迹、高度、长度、速度等,和由此而得到的分类;(2)针状体的日面对应物——纤维和日芒;(3)针状体的起源机制。即便今天,针状体仍然存在许多未解之谜:II型针状体是否存在?针状体和它日面对应物之间的关系是什么?如果存在两种类型的针状体,那么它们的激发机制是什么?它的波动是由什么引起?针状体能否加热日冕和加速太阳风?作为太阳的基本结构,在其他恒星上是否存在?等等。

Other Abstract

Solar spicules are the fundamental structures of the sun, and have been studied more than a century since they were discovered. Researchers have made many breakthroughs on observation and mode. Due to their special features (small scale, high dynamic and short lifetime), the observation studies highly depend on spatial and temporal resolution of the telescope. Here we review the observation results of chromosphere spicules and their counterparts from the SOT on-board Hinode, SST and so on. The main results are listed as follow: (1) the properties of spicules (trajectory, height, length, velocity and so on) and their classification; (2) on-disk counterparts of spicules: fibrils and mottles; (3) the origin of spicules. Until today, there still exist many questions: Whether Type II spicules really exist? What is the relationship between spicules and their on-disk counterparts? How do the spicules excite respectively if there are two kind spicules? What excites their oscillation? Whether they contribute to heating corona and accelerating solar wind? As fundamental structures of the sun, can them be seen on other stellar atmosphere? et al.

Funding Project国家自然科学基金[10933003] ; 国家自然科学基金[11078004] ; 国家自然科学基金[11073050]
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金[10933003, 11078004, 11073050]
Subject Area天文学 ; 太阳与太阳系
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
Archive Date2014-12-22
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author赵瑞娟
Affiliation1.中国科学院云南天文台, 昆明, 650011
2.中国科学院大学, 北京, 100049
3.中国科学院国家天文台太阳活动重点实验室, 北京, 100012
First Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
赵瑞娟,张宇宗,刘煜,等. 太阳针状体的观测研究进展[J]. 天文学进展(Progress In Astronomy),2014,32(4):409-422.
APA 赵瑞娟.,张宇宗.,刘煜.,田占军.,赵明宇.,...&申远灯.(2014).太阳针状体的观测研究进展.天文学进展(Progress In Astronomy),32(4),409-422.
MLA 赵瑞娟,et al."太阳针状体的观测研究进展".天文学进展(Progress In Astronomy) 32.4(2014):409-422.
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