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Review on Current Sheets in CME Development: Theories and Observations
Lin J(林隽)1; Murphy, Nicholas A2; Shen, Chengcai2; Raymond, John C2; Reeves, Katharine K.2; Zhong, Jiayong3; Wu, Ning4; Li Y(李燕)1
Source PublicationSPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS
2015-11
Volume194Issue:1-4Pages:237-302
DOI10.1007/s11214-015-0209-0
Contribution Rank第1完成单位
Indexed BySCI ; EI
KeywordSun: Flares Sun: Coronal Mass Ejections (Cmes) Plasmas Magnetic Reconnection Instabilities
Abstract

We introduce how the catastrophe model for solar eruptions predicted the formation and development of the long current sheet (CS) and how the observations were used to recognize the CS at the place where the CS is presumably located. Then, we discuss the direct measurement of the CS region thickness by studying the brightness distribution of the CS region at different wavelengths. The thickness ranges from to about at heights between 0.27 and from the solar surface. But the traditional theory indicates that the CS is as thin as the proton Larmor radius, which is of order tens of meters in the corona. We look into the huge difference in the thickness between observations and theoretical expectations. The possible impacts that affect measurements and results are studied, and physical causes leading to a thick CS region in which reconnection can still occur at a reasonably fast rate are analyzed. Studies in both theories and observations suggest that the difference between the true value and the apparent value of the CS thickness is not significant as long as the CS could be recognised in observations. We review observations that show complex structures and flows inside the CS region and present recent numerical modelling results on some aspects of these structures. Both observations and numerical experiments indicate that the downward reconnection outflows are usually slower than the upward ones in the same eruptive event. Numerical simulations show that the complex structure inside CS and its temporal behavior as a result of turbulence and the Petschek-type slow-mode shock could probably account for the thick CS and fast reconnection. But whether the CS itself is that thick still remains unknown since, for the time being, we cannot measure the electric current directly in that region. We also review the most recent laboratory experiments of reconnection driven by energetic laser beams, and discuss some important topics for future works.

Funding ProjectProgram 973[2013CBA01503] ; NSFC[11203069] ; NSFC[11273055] ; NSFC[11333007] ; NSFC[11403100] ; CAS[XDB09040202] ; Yunnan Province[2011FB113] ; NSF SHINE[AGS-1156076] ; NSF SHINE[AGS-1358342]
Funding OrganizationProgram 973[2013CBA01503] ; NSFC[11203069, 11273055, 11333007, 11403100] ; CAS[XDB09040202] ; Yunnan Province[2011FB113] ; NSF SHINE[AGS-1156076, AGS-1358342]
Language英语
Subject Area天文学 ; 天体物理学 ; 等离子体天体物理学 ; 太阳与太阳系 ; 太阳物理学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherSPRINGER
Publication PlaceVAN GODEWIJCKSTRAAT 30, 3311 GZ DORDRECHT, NETHERLANDS
ISSN0038-6308
URL查看原文
Archive Date2015-11-26
WOS IDWOS:000365511500004
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS KeywordCORONAL MASS EJECTION ; SUPRA-ARCADE DOWNFLOWS ; RECONNECTING CURRENT SHEETS ; CURRENT-LAYER FRAGMENTATION ; FAST MAGNETIC RECONNECTION ; FIELD LINE SHRINKAGE ; FLUX-ROPE MODELS ; HOT FLARE PLASMA ; X-RAY TELESCOPE ; 2010 NOVEMBER 3
EI Accession Number20154401471694
EI KeywordsMagnetoplasma
EI Classification Number461.9Biology - 744.8Laser Beam Interactions - 921Mathematics - 932.3Plasma Physics
Citation statistics
Cited Times:36[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/6261
Collection太阳物理研究组
Corresponding AuthorLin J(林隽)
Affiliation1.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 110, Kunming, Yunnan, 650216, China
2.Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA
3.Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100012, China
4.School of Tourism and Geography, Yunnan Normal University, 293 Street 121, Kunming, Yunnan, 650092, China
First Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lin J,Murphy, Nicholas A,Shen, Chengcai,et al. Review on Current Sheets in CME Development: Theories and Observations[J]. SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS,2015,194(1-4):237-302.
APA Lin J.,Murphy, Nicholas A.,Shen, Chengcai.,Raymond, John C.,Reeves, Katharine K..,...&Li Y.(2015).Review on Current Sheets in CME Development: Theories and Observations.SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS,194(1-4),237-302.
MLA Lin J,et al."Review on Current Sheets in CME Development: Theories and Observations".SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS 194.1-4(2015):237-302.
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