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Orbital period changes of the nova-like cataclysmic variable AC Cancri: evidence of magnetic braking and an unseen companion
Qian SB(钱声帮)1,2,3; Dai ZB(戴智斌)1,2,3; He JJ(何家佳)1,2,3; Yuan JZ(袁金照)1,2,3; Xiang, FY4; Zejda, M5; Qian, SB (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Aston Observ, Yunnan Observ, POB 110, Kunming 650018, Peoples R China.
Source PublicationASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
2007-05
Volume466Issue:2Pages:589-594
DOI10.1051/0004-6361:20065970
Contribution Rank第1完成单位
Indexed BySCI ; EI
KeywordStars : Binaries : Eclipsing Stars : Novae Stars : Individual : Ac Cnc Cataclysmic Variables Stars : Evolution Stars : Mass-loss Stars : Binaries : Close
AbstractAims. The source AC Cnc is a nova-like cataclysmic variable containing a white-dwarf primary with a mass of 0.76 M-circle dot and a K2-type secondary with a mass of 0.77 M-circle dot. We intend to study its period changes and search for evidence of magnetic braking and unseen third body. Methods. The period changes were investigated based on the analysis of the O-C curve, which is formed by one new eclipse time together with the others compiled from the literature. Results. A cyclic change with a period of 16.2 yr was found to be superimposed on a long-term period decrease at a rate of. P = -1.24(+/- 0.44) x 10(-8) days/year. Conclusions. It is shown that the mechanism of magnetic activity-driven changes in the quadrupole momentum of the secondary star (Applegate's mechanism) does not explain it easily. This period oscillation was plausibly interpreted by a light-travel time effect caused by the presence of a cool M-type dwarf companion (M-3 > 0.097 M-circle dot) in a long orbit (16.2 yr) around the binary. Since the masses of both components are nearly the same, the mass transfer from the lobe-filling secondary to the primary is not efficient to cause the continuous period decrease. It may be strong evidence of an enhanced magnetic stellar wind from the K2-type component. If the Alfen radius of the cool secondary is the same as that of the Sun (i.e., R-A = 15 R-circle dot), the mass-loss rate should be. M-2 = -1.65 x 10(-10) M-circle dot/year. By using the enhanced mass loss proposed by Tout & Eggleton (1988), the mass-loss rate should be. M-2 = -1.18 x 10(-9) M-circle dot/year. In this case, the Alfen radius is determined to be R-A = 5.2 R-circle dot. However, the long-term decrease of the period may be only a part of a long-period (> 100 yr) oscillation caused by the presence of an additional body. To check the conclusions, new precise times of light minimum will be required.
Language英语
Subject AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
SubtypeArticle
ISSN0004-6361
URL查看原文
Archive Date2007-04-16
WOS IDWOS:000245686800021
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS KeywordCLOSE BINARIES ; MODULATION
Citation statistics
Cited Times:11[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/5800
Collection双星与变星研究组
Corresponding AuthorQian, SB (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Aston Observ, Yunnan Observ, POB 110, Kunming 650018, Peoples R China.
Affiliation1.National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PO Box 110, 650011 Kunming, PR China
2.United Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Science (ULOAC), 100012 Beijing, PR China
3.Graduate School of the CAS, Beijing, PR China
4.Physics Department, Xiangtan University, 411105 Xiangtan, Funan Province, PR China
5.Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Masaryk University, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
First Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Qian SB,Dai ZB,He JJ,et al. Orbital period changes of the nova-like cataclysmic variable AC Cancri: evidence of magnetic braking and an unseen companion[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2007,466(2):589-594.
APA Qian SB.,Dai ZB.,He JJ.,Yuan JZ.,Xiang, FY.,...&Qian, SB .(2007).Orbital period changes of the nova-like cataclysmic variable AC Cancri: evidence of magnetic braking and an unseen companion.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,466(2),589-594.
MLA Qian SB,et al."Orbital period changes of the nova-like cataclysmic variable AC Cancri: evidence of magnetic braking and an unseen companion".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 466.2(2007):589-594.
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