YNAO OpenIR  > 丽江天文观测站(南方基地)
程控自主天文台网络的发展
Alternative TitleRobotic Autonomous Observatory Network Review
崔辰州1; 李建1; 蔡栩1; 范玉峰2; 王锋3; 曹子皇1; 苏丽颖4; 樊东卫1; 乔翠兰5; 何勃亮1; 李长华1; 赵永恒1; 谌悦1; 王传军2; 辛玉新2; 白金明2; 季凯帆3
Source Publication天文学进展(Progress In Astronomy)
2013-05
Volume31Issue:2Pages:141-159
DOI10.3969/j.issn.1000-8349.2013.02.02
ClassificationP111.43
Contribution Rank第2完成单位
Indexed ByCSCD ; 核心
Keyword程控自主天文台 望远镜网络 自主观测 时域天文学
Abstract

网络技术的不断发展和望远镜远程控制技术的成熟让无人值守的程控自主天文台成为可能。把多个独立运行的程控自主天文台通过网络连接起来协同工作,就是程控自主天文台网络。程控自主天文台和概要式巡天在共同开启时域天文学并进而推动天文学跨越式发展的同时,也给研究方式和技术应用带来全新的挑战。回顾程控自主天文台网络的发展轨迹,总结实现的基本思路和逻辑结构,介绍科学应用,探讨随之而来的挑战,尝试分析在天文学上的发展前景和国内的发展战略。

Other Abstract

Developments in telescopes, detectors and software have greatly enhanced our ability to make astronomical observations. Powerful astronomical observation is very sensitive to its working environment, requiring it to be quiet as much as possible. Rapid urbanization over the past century has impacted this environment such that astronomical observations now suffer from light, air and electromagnetic pollution. To obtain better observational data and generate more scientific discoveries, astronomical observatories are forced to migrate to remote places or even into space. As a result of the migration, and the global nature of astronomy, observatories and scientific data are widely distributed. Meanwhile, multiband astronomy and time-domain astronomy are becoming popular fields in astronomy in the 21st century, both of which are based on federation of multiband and multi-time scientific datasets. Robotic Autonomous Observatory (RAO) and RAO Network (RAON) provide a science driven and technique enabled way to address the above problem. With the development of information technology and computer science as well as electro-mechanics, the automation of astronomical observation is undergoing rapid development, and consequently long term unsupervised observation is made possible. This becomes what we call “Robotic Autonomous Observatory”. Following from this is the idea of connecting multiple robotic autonomous observatories via a robust computer network and making them interoperate. The connected system, namely “Robotic Autonomous Observatory Network”, will enable observation around the clock in respect to a given object or covering large areas on the sky repeatedly, and the completeness of observations in time and space domains could be largely guaranteed. Time domain astronomy and data intensive astronomy are being enabled by the advent of the new autonomous observation mode and synoptic sky surveys, which brings both new scientific opportunities and fresh challenges. This paper reviews the historical perspectives of robotic autonomous observatory network. Several ongoing global RAON projects with early efforts in China are described briefly. The 5-layer architecture of RAON is summarized following the concept of a data-driven system, i.e. data harvest system, data archive system, data processing system, management and scheduling system, and network and message exchange system. BOOTES (Burst Optical Observer and Transient Exploring System) is introduced as an example to provide a deeper understanding of the architecture. Scientific applications of RAON are summarized briefly. Technical challenges facing the RAON are classified in terms of autonomous observation, scheduling, and data mining. Finally, requirements and development strategies on RAON are discussed.

Funding Project国家自然科学基金委员会与中国科学院天文联合基金[U1231108] ; 科技部科技基础性工作专项[2012FY120500] ; 北京市科技新星计划[2007A085]
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金委员会与中国科学院天文联合基金[U1231108] ; 科技部科技基础性工作专项[2012FY120500] ; 北京市科技新星计划[2007A085]
Language中文
Subject Area天文学 ; 天文学其他学科
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
ISSN1000-8349
CSCD IDCSCD:4849417
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/5526
Collection丽江天文观测站(南方基地)
Affiliation1.中国科学院国家天文台, 北京, 100012
2.中国科学院云南天文台, 昆明, 650011
3.昆明理工大学, 昆明, 650500
4.北京工业大学, 北京, 100021
5.华中师范大学, 武汉, 430079
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
崔辰州,李建,蔡栩,等. 程控自主天文台网络的发展[J]. 天文学进展(Progress In Astronomy),2013,31(2):141-159.
APA 崔辰州.,李建.,蔡栩.,范玉峰.,王锋.,...&季凯帆.(2013).程控自主天文台网络的发展.天文学进展(Progress In Astronomy),31(2),141-159.
MLA 崔辰州,et al."程控自主天文台网络的发展".天文学进展(Progress In Astronomy) 31.2(2013):141-159.
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