YNAO OpenIR  > 星系类星体研究组
First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole in the Center of the Milky Way
Akiyama, Kazunori1,2,3; Alberdi, Antxon4; Alef, Walter5; Algaba, Juan Carlos6; Anantua, Richard3,7,8; Asada, Keiichi9; Azulay, Rebecca5,10,11; Bach, Uwe5; Baczko, Anne-Kathrin5; Ball, David12; Baloković, Mislav13; Barrett, John1; Bauböck, Michi14; Benson, Bradford A.15,16; Bintley, Dan17,18; Blackburn, Lindy3,7; Blundell, Raymond7; Bouman, Katherine L.19; Bower, Geoffrey C.20,21; Boyce, Hope22,23; Bremer, Michael24; Brinkerink, Christiaan D.25; Brissenden, Roger3,7; Britzen, Silke5; Broderick, Avery E.26,27,28; Broguiere, Dominique24; Bronzwaer, Thomas25; Bustamante, Sandra29; Byun, Do-Young30,31; Carlstrom, John E.16,32,33,34; Ceccobello, Chiara35; Chael, Andrew36,37; Chan, Chi-kwan12,38,39; Chatterjee, Koushik3,7; Chatterjee, Shami40; Chen, Ming-Tang20; Chen, Yongjun41,42; Cheng, Xiaopeng30; Cho, Ilje4; Christian, Pierre43; Conroy, Nicholas S.7,44; Conway, John E.35; Cordes, James M.40; Crawford, Thomas M.16,32; Crew, Geoffrey B.1; Cruz-Osorio, Alejandro45; Cui, Yuzhu46,47,48; Davelaar, Jordy25,49,50; Laurentis, Mariafelicia De45,51,52; Deane, Roger53,54,55; Dempsey, Jessica17,18,56; Desvignes, Gregory5,57; Dexter, Jason58; Dhruv, Vedant14; Doeleman, Sheperd S.3,7; Dougal, Sean12; Dzib, Sergio A.5,24; Eatough, Ralph P.5,59; Emami, Razieh7; Falcke, Heino25; Farah, Joseph60,61; Fish, Vincent L.1; Fomalont, Ed62; Ford, H. Alyson12; Fraga-Encinas, Raquel25; Freeman, William T.63,64; Friberg, Per17,18; Fromm, Christian M.5,45,65; Fuentes, Antonio4; Galison, Peter3,66,67; Gammie, Charles F.14,44,68; García, Roberto24; Gentaz, Olivier24; Georgiev, Boris26,27,28; Goddi, Ciriaco69,70; Gold, Roman45,71; Gómez-Ruiz, Arturo I.72,73; Gómez, José L.4; Gu, Minfeng41,74; Gurwell, Mark7; Hada, Kazuhiro47,48; Haggard, Daryl22,23; Haworth, Kari7; Hecht, Michael H.1; Hesper, Ronald75; Heumann, Dirk12; Ho, Luis C.76,77; Ho, Paul9,17,18; Honma, Mareki47,48,78; Huang, Chih-Wei L.9; Huang, Lei41,74; Hughes, David H.72; Ikeda, Shiro2,79,80,81; Impellizzeri, C. M. Violette62,82; Inoue, Makoto9; Issaoun, Sara7,37; James, David J.83; Jannuzi, Buell T.12; Janssen, Michael5; Jeter, Britton9; Jiang, Wu41; Jiménez-Rosales, Alejandra25; Johnson, Michael D.3,7; Jorstad, Svetlana84; Joshi, Abhishek V.14; Jung, Taehyun30,31; Karami, Mansour26,27; Karuppusamy, Ramesh5; Kawashima, Tomohisa85; Keating, Garrett K.7; Kettenis, Mark86; Kim, Dong-Jin5; Kim, Jae-Young5,30,87; Kim, Jongsoo30; Kim, Junhan12,19; Kino, Motoki2,88; Koay, Jun Yi9; Kocherlakota, Prashant45; Kofuji, Yutaro47,78; Koch, Patrick M.9; Koyama, Shoko9,89; Kramer, Carsten24; Kramer, Michael5; Krichbaum, Thomas P.5; Kuo, Cheng-Yu9,90; Bella, Noemi La25; Lauer, Tod R.91; Lee, Daeyoung14; Lee, Sang-Sung30; Leung, Po Kin92; Levis, Aviad19; Li, Zhiyuan93,94; Lico, Rocco4,95; Lindahl, Greg7; Lindqvist, Michael35; Lisakov, Mikhail5; Liu, Jun5; Liu, Kuo5; Liuzzo, Elisabetta96; Lo, Wen-Ping9,97; Lobanov, Andrei P.5; Loinard, Laurent98,99; Lonsdale, Colin J.1; Lu, Ru-Sen5,41,42; Mao JR(毛基荣)100,101,102; Marchili, Nicola5,96; Markoff, Sera103,104; Marrone, Daniel P.12; Marscher, Alan P.84; Martí-Vidal, Iván10,11; Matsushita, Satoki9; Matthews, Lynn D.1; Medeiros, Lia12,105,106; Menten, Karl M.5; Michalik, Daniel16,107; Mizuno, Izumi17,18; Mizuno, Yosuke45,46,108; Moran, James M.3,7; Moriyama, Kotaro1,45,47; Moscibrodzka, Monika25; Müller, Cornelia5,25; Mus, Alejandro10,11; Musoke, Gibwa25,103; Myserlis, Ioannis109; Nadolski, Andrew44; Nagai, Hiroshi2,48; Nagar, Neil M.110; Nakamura, Masanori9,111; Narayan, Ramesh3,7; Narayanan, Gopal29; Natarajan, Iniyan53,112; Nathanail, Antonios45,113; Fuentes, Santiago Navarro109; Neilsen, Joey114; Neri, Roberto24; Ni, Chunchong26,27,28; Noutsos, Aristeidis5; Nowak, Michael A.115; Oh, Junghwan116; Okino, Hiroki47,78; Olivares, Héctor25; Ortiz-León, Gisela N.5,99; Oyama, Tomoaki47; Özel, Feryal12; Palumbo, Daniel C. M.3,7; Paraschos, Georgios Filippos5; Park, Jongho9,117; Parsons, Harriet17,18; Patel, Nimesh7; Pen, Ue-Li9,26,118,119,120; Pesce, Dominic W.3,7; Piétu, Vincent24; Plambeck, Richard121; PopStefanija, Aleksandar29; Porth, Oliver45,103; Pötzl, Felix M.5,122; Prather, Ben14; Preciado-López, Jorge A.26; Psaltis, Dimitrios12; Pu, Hung-Yi9,123,124; Ramakrishnan, Venkatessh110,125,126; Rao, Ramprasad7; Rawlings, Mark G.17,18,127; Raymond, Alexander W.3,7; Rezzolla, Luciano45,128,129; Ricarte, Angelo3,7; Ripperda, Bart50,130; Roelofs, Freek3,7,25; Rogers, Alan1; Ros, Eduardo5; Romero-Cañizales, Cristina9; Roshanineshat, Arash12; Rottmann, Helge5; Roy, Alan L.5; Ruiz, Ignacio109; Ruszczyk, Chet1; Rygl, Kazi L. J.96; Sánchez, Salvador109; Sánchez-Argüelles, David72,73; Sánchez-Portal, Miguel109; Sasada, Mahito47,131,132; Satapathy, Kaushik12; Savolainen, Tuomas5,126,133; Schloerb, F. Peter29; Schonfeld, Jonathan7; Schuster, Karl-Friedrich24; Shao, Lijing5,77; Shen, Zhiqiang41,42; Small, Des86; Sohn, Bong Won30,31,134; SooHoo, Jason1; Souccar, Kamal29; Sun, He19; Tazaki, Fumie47; Tetarenko, Alexandra J.37,135; Tiede, Paul3,7; Tilanus, Remo P. J.12,25,82,136; Titus, Michael1; Torne, Pablo5,109; Traianou, Efthalia4,5; Trent, Tyler12; Trippe, Sascha137; Turk, Matthew44; Bemmel, Ilse van86; Langevelde, Huib Jan van82,86,138; Rossum, Daniel R. van25; Vos, Jesse25; Wagner, Jan5; Ward-Thompson, Derek139; Wardle, John140; Weintroub, Jonathan3,7; Wex, Norbert5; Wharton, Robert5; Wielgus, Maciek5; Wiik, Kaj141; Witzel, Gunther5; Wondrak, Michael F.25,142; Wong, George N.106,143; Wu, Qingwen144; Yamaguchi, Paul7; Yoon, Doosoo103; Young, André25; Young, Ken7; Younsi, Ziri45,145; Yuan, Feng41,74,146; Yuan, Ye-Fei147; Zensus, J. Anton5; Zhang, Shuo148; Zhao, Guang-Yao4; Zhao, Shan-Shan41; Agurto, Claudio149; Allardi, Alexander150; Amestica, Rodrigo151; Araneda, Juan Pablo149; Arriagada, Oriel149; Berghuis, Jennie L.152; Bertarini, Alessandra5,153; Berthold, Ryan17,18; Blanchard, Jay154; Brown, Ken17,18; Cárdenas, Mauricio149; Cantzler, Michael149; Caro, Patricio149; Castillo-Domínguez, Edgar73,155; Chan, Tin Lok92; Chang, Chih-Cheng9,156; Chang, Dominic O.3,7; Chang, Shu-Hao9; Chang, Song-Chu156; Chen, Chung-Chen9; Chilson, Ryan20; Chuter, Tim C.17,18; Ciechanowicz, Miroslaw5,149; Colin-Beltran, Edgar72,73; Coulson, Iain M.17,18; Crowley, Joseph1; Degenaar, Nathalie103; Dornbusch, Sven5; Durán, Carlos A.149; Everett, Wendeline B.157; Faber, Aaron158; Forster, Karl159; Fuchs, Miriam M.160; Gale, David M.72; Geertsema, Gertie161; González, Edouard149; Graham, Dave5; Gueth, Frédéric24; Halverson, Nils W.162; Han, Chih-Chiang9; Han, Kuo-Chang156; Hasegawa, Yutaka163; Hernández-Rebollar, José Luis72; Herrera, Cristian149; Herrero-Illana, Ruben149; Heyminck, Stefan5; Hirota, Akihiko2,164; Hoge, James17,18; Schimpf, Shelbi R. Hostler7; Howie, Ryan E.165; Huang, Yau-De9; Jiang, Homin9; Jinchi, Hao156; John, David109; Kimura, Kimihiro163; Klein, Thomas149; Kubo, Derek20; Kuroda, John17,18; Kwon, Caleb114; Lacasse, Richard151; Laing, Robert166,167; Leitch, Erik M.32; Li, Chao-Te9; Liu, Ching-Tang9; Liu, Kuan-Yu9,17,18; Lin, Lupin C.-C.168; Lu, Li-Ming156; Mac-Auliffe, Felipe149; Martin-Cocher, Pierre9; Matulonis, Callie17,18; Maute, John K.7; Messias, Hugo149,164; Meyer-Zhao, Zheng56; Montaña, Alfredo72,73; Montenegro-Montes, Francisco149; Montgomerie, William17,18,169; Nolasco, Marcos Emir Moreno170; Muders, Dirk5; Nishioka, Hiroaki9; Norton, Timothy J.7; Nystrom, George20; Ogawa, Hideo163; Olivares, Rodrigo149; Oshiro, Peter20; Pérez-Beaupuits, Juan Pablo5,149,171; Parra, Rodrigo149; Phillips, Neil M.167; Poirier, Michael1; Pradel, Nicolas9; Qiu, Richard172,173; Raffin, Philippe A.20; Rahlin, Alexandra S.15,32; Ramírez, Jorge149; Ressler, Sean174; Reynolds, Mark175; Rodríguez-Montoya, Iván72,73; Saez-Madain, Alejandro F.151,164; Santana, Jorge149; Shaw, Paul9; Jr., Leslie E. Shirkey7; Silva, Kevin M.17,18; Snow, William20; Sousa, Don1; Sridharan, T. K.7; Stahm, William17,18; Stark, Anthony A.7; Test, John7; Torstensson, Karl149; Venegas, Paulina149; Walther, Craig17,18; Wei, Ta-Shun9; White, Chris130; Wieching, Gundolf5; Wijnands, Rudy103; Wouterloot, Jan G. A.17,18; Yu, Chen-Yu9; Wei Yu7; Zeballos, Milagros72,176
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS
2022-05-01
Volume930Issue:2
DOI10.3847/2041-8213/ac6674
Contribution Rank第100完成单位
Indexed BySCI
Abstract

We present the first Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) observations of Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*), the Galactic center source associated with a supermassive black hole. These observations were conducted in 2017 using a global interferometric array of eight telescopes operating at a wavelength of lambda = 1.3 mm. The EHT data resolve a compact emission region with intrahour variability. A variety of imaging and modeling analyses all support an image that is dominated by a bright, thick ring with a diameter of 51.8 +/- 2.3 mu as (68% credible interval). The ring has modest azimuthal brightness asymmetry and a comparatively dim interior. Using a large suite of numerical simulations, we demonstrate that the EHT images of Sgr A* are consistent with the expected appearance of a Kerr black hole with mass similar to 4 x 10(6) M (circle dot), which is inferred to exist at this location based on previous infrared observations of individual stellar orbits, as well as maser proper-motion studies. Our model comparisons disfavor scenarios where the black hole is viewed at high inclination (i > 50 degrees), as well as nonspinning black holes and those with retrograde accretion disks. Our results provide direct evidence for the presence of a supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way, and for the first time we connect the predictions from dynamical measurements of stellar orbits on scales of 10(3)-10(5) gravitational radii to event-horizon-scale images and variability. Furthermore, a comparison with the EHT results for the supermassive black hole M87* shows consistency with the predictions of general relativity spanning over three orders of magnitude in central mass.

Funding ProjectAcademia Sinica ; Academy of Finland[274477] ; Academy of Finland[284495] ; Academy of Finland[312496] ; Academy of Finland[315721] ; Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID), Chile[NCN19_058] ; Fondecyt[1221421] ; Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung ; Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship ; European ALMA Regional Centre node in the Netherlands ; NL astronomy research network NOVA ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Black Hole Initiative - John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; China Scholarship Council ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation fellowship[2020M671266] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004246083] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-259839] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[F0003-272050] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[M0037-279006] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[F0003-281692] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[104497] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[275201] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[263356] ; Consejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad of the Junta de Andalucia[P18-FR-1769] ; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas[2019AEP112] ; Delaney Family via the Delaney Family John A. Wheeler Chair at Perimeter Institute ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112820] ; Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)[639.043.513] ; Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)[OCENW.KLEIN.113] ; Dutch National Supercomputers, Cartesius and Snellius (NWO)[2021.013] ; EACOA Fellowship - East Asia Core Observatories Association ; European Research Council (ERC)[610058] ; European Union[730562] ; European Union[101018682] ; Generalitat Valenciana[APOSTD/2018/177] ; GenT Program[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; MICINN[PID2019-108995GB-C22] ; European Research Council[884631] ; Institute for Advanced Study ; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) sezione di Napoli, iniziative specifiche TEONGRAV ; International Max Planck Research School for Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Cologne ; DFG[FR 4069/2-1] ; Simons Foundation ; Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)[JPMXP1020200109] ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; Joint Institute for Computational Fundamental Science, Japan ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJSSW-SYS008] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[ZDBS-LY-SLH011] ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; Max-PlanckGesellschaft (MPG) ; Max Planck Partner Group of the MPG ; CAS ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP21H01137] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18H03721] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K13594] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18K03709] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP19K14761] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18H01245] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[25120007] ; Malaysian Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)[FRGS/1/2019/STG02/UM/02/6] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[103-2119-M-001-010MY2] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2112-M-001-025-MY3] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2119-M-001-042] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[1062112-M-001-011] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2119-M-001-013] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2119-M-001027] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2923-M-001-005] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-017] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119M-001-020] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-041] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-110-005] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[1072923-M-001-009] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[108-2112-M-001-048] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[108-2112-M-001051] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[108-2923-M-001-002] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[109-2112-M-001-025] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[109-2124M-001-005] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[109-2923-M-001-001] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[110-2112-M-003-007MY2] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[110-2112-M-001-033] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[110-2124-M-001-007] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[1102923-M-001-001] ; Ministry of Education (MoE) of Taiwan Yushan Young Scholar Program ; Physics Division, National Center for Theoretical Sciences of Taiwan ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)[80NSSC20K1567] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)[80NSSC20K0527] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)[80NSSC20K0645] ; NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF2-51431.001-A] ; NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute[NAS5-26555] ; National Institute of Natural Sciences (NINS) of Japan ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFA0402703] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400702] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship[AST1903847] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11650110427] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[10625314] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11721303] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11725312] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11873028] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11933007] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11991052] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11991053] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[12192220] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[12192223] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; National Youth Thousand Talents Program of China ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship Grant)[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Korea Research Fellowship Program)[NRF-2015H1D3A1066561] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Brain Pool Program)[2019H1D3A1A01102564] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Basic Research Support Grant)[2019R1F1A1059721] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Basic Research Support Grant)[2021R1A6A3A01086420] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Basic Research Support Grant)[2022R1C1C1005255] ; Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA) Virtual Institute of Accretion (VIA) postdoctoral fellowships ; Swedish Research Council[2017-00648] ; Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development) ; Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[PGC2018-098915-B-C21] ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[AYA2016-80889-P] ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[PID2019108995GB-C21] ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[PID2020-117404GB-C21] ; University of Pretoria ; Shanghai Pilot Program for Basic Research, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai Branch[JCYJ-SHFY-2021-013] ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa award[SEV-20170709] ; Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; South African Research Chairs Initiative, through the South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO)[77948] ; Toray Science Foundation ; Swedish Research Council (VR) ; US Department of Energy (USDOE) through the Los Alamos National Laboratory[89233218CNA000001] ; YCAA Prize Postdoctoral Fellowship ; Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy[DE-AC0500OR22725] ; Smithsonian Institution ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; NSF ; National Science Foundation[OPP-1852617] ; National Science Foundation[OAC-1818253] ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; NSF[ACI-1548562] ; NSF[DBI0735191] ; NSF[DBI-1265383] ; NSF[DBI-1743442] ; CyVerse ; National Science Foundation ; U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0352953] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST0521233] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0705062] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0905844] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0922984] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST1126433] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1140030] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[DGE-1144085] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207704] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST1207730] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207752] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[MRI-1228509] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[OPP-1248097] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST1310896] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1440254] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1555365] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1614868] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST1615796] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1715061] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1716327] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1716536] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[OISE1743747] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1816420] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1935980] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-2034306] ; Chandra[DD7-18089X] ; Chandra[TM6-17006X] ; International Max Planck Research School for Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Bonn ; Allegro ; University of Amsterdam ; Leiden University ; Radboud University
Funding OrganizationAcademia Sinica ; Academy of Finland[274477, 284495, 312496, 315721] ; Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID), Chile[NCN19_058] ; Fondecyt[1221421] ; Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung ; Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship ; European ALMA Regional Centre node in the Netherlands ; NL astronomy research network NOVA ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Black Hole Initiative - John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; China Scholarship Council ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation fellowship[2020M671266] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004246083, U0004-259839, F0003-272050, M0037-279006, F0003-281692, 104497, 275201, 263356] ; Consejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad of the Junta de Andalucia[P18-FR-1769] ; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas[2019AEP112] ; Delaney Family via the Delaney Family John A. Wheeler Chair at Perimeter Institute ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417, IN112820] ; Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)[639.043.513, OCENW.KLEIN.113] ; Dutch National Supercomputers, Cartesius and Snellius (NWO)[2021.013] ; EACOA Fellowship - East Asia Core Observatories Association ; European Research Council (ERC)[610058] ; European Union[730562, 101018682] ; Generalitat Valenciana[APOSTD/2018/177] ; GenT Program[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; MICINN[PID2019-108995GB-C22] ; European Research Council[884631] ; Institute for Advanced Study ; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) sezione di Napoli, iniziative specifiche TEONGRAV ; International Max Planck Research School for Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Cologne ; DFG[FR 4069/2-1] ; Simons Foundation ; Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)[JPMXP1020200109] ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; Joint Institute for Computational Fundamental Science, Japan ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057, QYZDJSSW-SYS008, ZDBS-LY-SLH011] ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; Max-PlanckGesellschaft (MPG) ; Max Planck Partner Group of the MPG ; CAS ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090, JP21H01137, JP18H03721, JP18K13594, 18K03709, JP19K14761, 18H01245, 25120007] ; Malaysian Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)[FRGS/1/2019/STG02/UM/02/6] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[103-2119-M-001-010MY2, 105-2112-M-001-025-MY3, 105-2119-M-001-042, 1062112-M-001-011, 106-2119-M-001-013, 106-2119-M-001027, 106-2923-M-001-005, 107-2119-M-001-017, 107-2119M-001-020, 107-2119-M-001-041] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-110-005, 1072923-M-001-009, 108-2112-M-001-048, 108-2112-M-001051, 108-2923-M-001-002, 109-2112-M-001-025, 109-2124M-001-005, 109-2923-M-001-001, 110-2112-M-003-007MY2, 110-2112-M-001-033, 110-2124-M-001-007, 1102923-M-001-001] ; Ministry of Education (MoE) of Taiwan Yushan Young Scholar Program ; Physics Division, National Center for Theoretical Sciences of Taiwan ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)[80NSSC20K1567, 80NSSC20K0527, 80NSSC20K0645] ; NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF2-51431.001-A, NAS5-26555] ; National Institute of Natural Sciences (NINS) of Japan ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704, 2017YFA0402703, 2016YFA0400702, 2017YFA0402700] ; NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship[AST1903847] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11650110427, 10625314, 11721303, 11725312, 11873028, 11933007, 11991052, 11991053, 12192220, 12192223] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; National Youth Thousand Talents Program of China ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship Grant)[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Korea Research Fellowship Program)[NRF-2015H1D3A1066561] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Brain Pool Program)[2019H1D3A1A01102564] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Basic Research Support Grant)[2019R1F1A1059721, 2021R1A6A3A01086420, 2022R1C1C1005255] ; Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA) Virtual Institute of Accretion (VIA) postdoctoral fellowships ; Swedish Research Council[2017-00648] ; Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development) ; Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics (Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[PGC2018-098915-B-C21, AYA2016-80889-P, PID2019108995GB-C21, PID2020-117404GB-C21] ; University of Pretoria ; Shanghai Pilot Program for Basic Research, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai Branch[JCYJ-SHFY-2021-013] ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa award[SEV-20170709] ; Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; South African Research Chairs Initiative, through the South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO)[77948] ; Toray Science Foundation ; Swedish Research Council (VR) ; US Department of Energy (USDOE) through the Los Alamos National Laboratory[89233218CNA000001] ; YCAA Prize Postdoctoral Fellowship ; Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy[DE-AC0500OR22725] ; Smithsonian Institution ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; NSF ; National Science Foundation[OPP-1852617, OAC-1818253] ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; NSF[ACI-1548562, DBI0735191, DBI-1265383, DBI-1743442] ; CyVerse ; National Science Foundation ; U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454, AST-0352953, AST0521233, AST-0705062, AST-0905844, AST-0922984, AST1126433, AST-1140030, DGE-1144085, AST-1207704, AST1207730, AST-1207752, MRI-1228509] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[OPP-1248097, AST1310896, AST-1440254, AST-1555365, AST-1614868, AST1615796, AST-1715061, AST-1716327, AST-1716536, OISE1743747, AST-1816420, AST-1935980, AST-2034306] ; Chandra[DD7-18089X, TM6-17006X] ; International Max Planck Research School for Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Bonn ; Allegro ; University of Amsterdam ; Leiden University ; Radboud University
Language英语
Subject Area天文学 ; 天体物理学 ; 高能天体物理学 ; 星系与宇宙学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherIOP Publishing Ltd
Publication PlaceTEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
ISSN2041-8205
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000794024700001
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS KeywordADVECTION-DOMINATED ACCRETION ; MAGNETIC-FIELD STRUCTURE ; ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI ; X-RAY-EMISSION ; SGR-A ; VLBI OBSERVATIONS ; LINEAR-POLARIZATION ; INTRINSIC SIZE ; SCALE STRUCTURE ; RADIO-SOURCE
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/25203
Collection星系类星体研究组
中国科学院天体结构与演化重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorAkiyama, Kazunori; Test, John
Affiliation1.Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory, 99 Millstone Road, Westford, MA 01886, USA;
2.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan;
3.Black Hole Initiative at Harvard University, 20 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
4.Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada, Spain;
5.Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany;
6.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia;
7.Center for Astrophysics ∣ Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
8.Department of Physics & Astronomy, The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA;
9.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 11F of Astronomy-Mathematics Building, AS/NTU No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
10.Departament d'Astronomia i Astrofísica, Universitat de València, C. Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, València, Spain;
11.Observatori Astronòmic, Universitat de València, C. Catedrático José Beltrán 2, E-46980 Paterna, València, Spain;
12.Steward Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA;
13.Yale Center for Astronomy & Astrophysics, Yale University, 52 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511, USA;
14.Department of Physics, University of Illinois, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA;
15.Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, MS209, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA;
16.Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
17.East Asian Observatory, 660 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
18.James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), 660 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
19.California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA;
20.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 645 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
21.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2505 Correa Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA;
22.Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada;
23.McGill Space Institute, McGill University, 3550 rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 2A7, Canada;
24.Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), 300 rue de la Piscine, F-38406 Saint Martin d'Hères, France;
25.Department of Astrophysics, Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), Radboud University, P.O. Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands;
26.Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street N, Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5, Canada;
27.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue W, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada;
28.Waterloo Centre for Astrophysics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada;
29.Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA;
30.Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daedeok-daero 776, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34055, Republic of Korea;
31.University of Science and Technology, Gajeong-ro 217, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34113, Republic of Korea;
32.Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
33.Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5720 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
34.Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
35.Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, SE-43992 Onsala, Sweden;
36.Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA;
37.NASA Hubble Fellowship Program, Einstein Fellow;
38.Data Science Institute, University of Arizona, 1230 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA;
39.Program in Applied Mathematics, University of Arizona, 617 N. Santa Rita, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA;
40.Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA;
41.Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, People's Republic of China;
42.Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, People's Republic of China;
43.Physics Department, Fairfield University, 1073 North Benson Road, Fairfield, CT 06824, USA;
44.Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA;
45.Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Straße 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany;
46.Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shengrong Road 520, Shanghai, 201210, People's Republic of China;
47.Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-12 Hoshigaoka, Mizusawa, Oshu, Iwate 023-0861, Japan;
48.Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan;
49.Department of Astronomy and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 550 W. 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA;
50.Center for Computational Astrophysics, Flatiron Institute, 162 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010, USA;
51.Dipartimento di Fisica
52.INFN Sez. di Napoli, Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126, Napoli, Italy;
53.Wits Centre for Astrophysics, University of the Witwatersrand, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Braamfontein, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa;
54.Department of Physics, University of Pretoria, Hatfield, Pretoria 0028, South Africa;
55.Centre for Radio Astronomy Techniques and Technologies, Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, Makhanda 6140, South Africa;
56.ASTRON, Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands;
57.LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon, France;
58.JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA;
59.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China;
60.Las Cumbres Observatory, 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117-5575, USA;
61.Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530, USA;
62.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA;
63.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 32-D476, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA;
64.Google Research, 355 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA;
65.Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universität Würzburg, Emil-Fischer-Str. 31, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany;
66.Department of History of Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
67.Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
68.NCSA, University of Illinois, 1205 W. Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA;
69.Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, SP Monserrato-Sestu km 0.7, I-09042 Monserrato, Italy;
70.INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, Via della Scienza 5, 09047, Selargius, CA, Italy;
71.CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark;
72.Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica. Apartado Postal 51 y 216, 72000. Puebla Pue., MÉxico;
73.Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologìa, Av. Insurgentes Sur 1582, 03940, Ciudad de México, MÉxico;
74.Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, People's Republic of China;
75.NOVA Sub-mm Instrumentation Group, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands;
76.Department of Astronomy, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People's Republic of China;
77.Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People's Republic of China;
78.Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan;
79.The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo, 190-8562, Japan;
80.Department of Statistical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8562, Japan;
81.Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, 277-8583, Japan;
82.Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Postbus 2300, 9513 RA Leiden, The Netherlands;
83.ASTRAVEO LLC, PO Box 1668, Gloucester, MA 01931, USA;
84.Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215, USA;
85.Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582, Japan;
86.Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE), Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands;
87.Department of Astronomy and Atmospheric Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Republic of Korea;
88.Kogakuin University of Technology & Engineering, Academic Support Center, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan;
89.Niigata University, 8050 Ikarashi-nino-cho, Nishi-ku, Niigata 950-2181, Japan;
90.Physics Department, National Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 70, Lien-Hai Road, Kaosiung City 80424, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
91.National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, USA;
92.Department of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong;
93.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People's Republic of China;
94.Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People's Republic of China;
95.INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy;
96.INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia & Italian ALMA Regional Centre, Via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy;
97.Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C;
98.Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia 58089, MÉxico;
99.Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Apdo Postal 70-264, Ciudad de México, MÉxico;
100.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China;
101.Center for Astronomical Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100012, People's Republic of China;
102.Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, People's Republic of China;
103.Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;
104.Gravitation and Astroparticle Physics Amsterdam (GRAPPA) Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands;
105.NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellow;
106.School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, 1 Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA;
107.Science Support Office, Directorate of Science, European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESA/ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands;
108.School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, People's Republic of China;
109.Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), Avenida Divina Pastora 7, Local 20, E-18012, Granada, Spain;
110.Astronomy Department, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile;
111.National Institute of Technology, Hachinohe College, 16-1 Uwanotai, Tamonoki, Hachinohe City, Aomori 039-1192, Japan;
112.South African Radio Astronomy Observatory, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa;
113.Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, GR 15783 Zografos, Greece;
114.Department of Physics, Villanova University, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA;
115.Physics Department, Washington University CB 1105, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA;
116.Sejong University, 209 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea;
117.EACOA Fellow;
118.Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada;
119.Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada;
120.Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 180 Dundas St. W, Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8, Canada;
121.Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA;
122.Department of Physics, University College Cork, Kane Building, College Road, Cork T12 K8AF, Ireland;
123.Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 88, Sec. 4, Tingzhou Rd., Taipei 116, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
124.Center of Astronomy and Gravitation, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 88, Sec. 4, Tingzhou Road, Taipei 116, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
125.Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO, FI-20014 University of Turku, Finland;
126.Aalto University Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Metsähovintie 114, FI-02540 Kylmälä, Finland;
127.Gemini Observatory/NSF NOIRLab, 670 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
128.Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany;
129.School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland;
130.Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA;
131.Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan;
132.Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan;
133.Aalto University Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, PL 15500, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland;
134.Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, Yonsei-ro 50, Seodaemun-gu, 03722 Seoul, Republic of Korea;
135.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409-1051, USA;
136.Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), Postbus 93138, 2509 AC Den Haag, The Netherlands;
137.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea;
138.University of New Mexico, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA;
139.Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK;
140.Physics Department, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02453, USA;
141.Tuorla Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, Finland;
142.Radboud Excellence Fellow of Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands;
143.Princeton Gravity Initiative, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA;
144.School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, People's Republic of China;
145.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT, UK;
146.School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China;
147.Astronomy Department, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, People's Republic of China;
148.Bard College, 30 Campus Road, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY, 12504, USA;
149.European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago de Chile, Chile;
150.University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA;
151.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, NRAO Technology Center, 1180 Boxwood Estate Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA;
152.Gemini Observatory, 670 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
153.Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation, University of Bonn, D-53113 Bonn, Germany;
154.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM 87801, USA;
155.SRON-Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, Netherlands;
156.National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology, No. 566, Ln. 134, Longyuan Rd., Longtan Dist., Taoyuan City 325, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
157.CASA, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA;
158.Western University, 1151 Richmond Street, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada;
159.Space Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA;
160.Drexel University, 3141 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia PA 19104, USA;
161.Research and Development Weather and Climate Models, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Utrechtseweg 297, 3731 GA, De Bilt, The Netherlands;
162.Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA;
163.Osaka Prefecture University, Gakuencyou Sakai Osaka, Sakai 599-8531, Kinki, Japan;
164.Joint ALMA Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura 763-0355, Santiago de Chile, Chile;
165.MMT Observatory, P.O. Box 210065, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA;
166.SKA Observatory, Jodrell Bank, Lower Withington, Macclesfield SK11 9FT, USA;
167.European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, D-85478 Garching, Germany;
168.Department of Physics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701401, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
169.SOFIA Science Center, Universities Space Research Association, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA;
170.Coorporación Mexicana de Investigación en Materiales S.A. de C.V., Ciencia y Tecnología 790, Colonia Saltillo 400, Saltillo, Coahuila, C.P. 25290, Mexico;
171.Centro de Astro-Ingeniería (AIUC), Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackena 4860, Macul, Santiago, Chile;
172.Department of Physics, Harvard University, 17 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
173.John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, 29 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
174.Kavli Institute For Theoretical Physics, 2411 Kohn Hall, Santa Barbara, CA 93111 USA;
175.Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 1085 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA;
176.Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Sta. Catarina Mártir S/N, San Andrés Cholula, Puebla, C.P. 72810, Mexico
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Akiyama, Kazunori,Alberdi, Antxon,Alef, Walter,et al. First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole in the Center of the Milky Way[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS,2022,930(2).
APA Akiyama, Kazunori.,Alberdi, Antxon.,Alef, Walter.,Algaba, Juan Carlos.,Anantua, Richard.,...&Zeballos, Milagros.(2022).First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole in the Center of the Milky Way.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS,930(2).
MLA Akiyama, Kazunori,et al."First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole in the Center of the Milky Way".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS 930.2(2022).
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File name: First Sagittarius A_ Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole in the Center of the Milky Way.pdf
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