YNAO OpenIR  > 星系类星体研究组
A Universal Power-law Prescription for Variability from Synthetic Images of Black Hole Accretion Flows
Georgiev, Boris1,2,3; Pesce, Dominic W.4,5; Broderick, Avery E.1,2,3; Wong, George N.6,7; Dhruv, Vedant8; Wielgus, Maciek9; Gammie, Charles F.8,10,11; Chan, Chi-kwan12,13,14; Chatterjee, Koushik4,5; Emami, Razieh4; Mizuno, Yosuke15,16,17; Gold, Roman18; Fromm, Christian M.9,17,19; Ricarte, Angelo4,5; Yoon, Doosoo20; Joshi, Abhishek V.8; Prather, Ben8; Cruz-Osorio, Alejandro17; Johnson, Michael D.4,5; Porth, Oliver17,20; Olivares, Héctor21; Younsi, Ziri17,22; Rezzolla, Luciano17,23,24; Vos, Jesse21; Qiu, Richard25,26; Nathanail, Antonios17,27; Narayan, Ramesh4,5; Chael, Andrew28,29; Anantua, Richard4,5,30; Moscibrodzka, Monika21; Akiyama, Kazunori5,31,32; Alberdi, Antxon33; Alef, Walter9; Algaba, Juan Carlos34; Asada, Keiichi35; Azulay, Rebecca9,36,37; Bach, Uwe9; Baczko, Anne-Kathrin9; Ball, David12; Baloković, Mislav38; Barrett, John31; Bauböck, Michi8; Benson, Bradford A.39,40; Bintley, Dan41,42; Blackburn, Lindy4,5; Blundell, Raymond4; Bouman, Katherine L.43; Bower, Geoffrey C.44,45; Boyce, Hope46,47; Bremer, Michael48; Brinkerink, Christiaan D.21; Brissenden, Roger4,5; Britzen, Silke9; Broguiere, Dominique48; Bronzwaer, Thomas21; Bustamante, Sandra49; Byun, Do-Young50,51; Carlstrom, John E.40,52,53,54; Ceccobello, Chiara55; Chatterjee, Shami56; Chen, Ming-Tang44; Chen, Yongjun57,58; Cheng, Xiaopeng50; Cho, Ilje33; Christian, Pierre59; Conroy, Nicholas S.4,10; Conway, John E.55; Cordes, James M.56; Crawford, Thomas M.40,52; Crew, Geoffrey B.31; Cui, Yuzhu15,60,61; Davelaar, Jordy21,62,63; Laurentis, Mariafelicia De17,64,65; Deane, Roger66,67,68; Dempsey, Jessica41,42,69; Desvignes, Gregory9,70; Dexter, Jason71; Doeleman, Sheperd S.4,5; Dougal, Sean12; Dzib, Sergio A.9,48; Eatough, Ralph P.9,72; Falcke, Heino21; Farah, Joseph73,74; Fish, Vincent L.31; Fomalont, Ed75; Ford, H. Alyson12; Fraga-Encinas, Raquel21; Freeman, William T.76,77; Friberg, Per41,42; Fuentes, Antonio33; Galison, Peter5,78,79; García, Roberto48; Gentaz, Olivier48; Goddi, Ciriaco80,81; Gómez-Ruiz, Arturo I.82,83; Gómez, José L.33; Gu, Minfeng57,84; Gurwell, Mark4; Hada, Kazuhiro60,61; Haggard, Daryl46,47; Haworth, Kari4; Hecht, Michael H.31; Hesper, Ronald85; Heumann, Dirk12; Ho, Luis C.86,87; Ho, Paul35,42; Honma, Mareki60,61,88; Huang, Chih-Wei L.35; Huang, Lei57,84; Hughes, David H.82; Ikeda, Shiro32,89,90,91; Impellizzeri, C. M. Violette75,92; Inoue, Makoto35; Issaoun, Sara4,29; James, David J.93; Jannuzi, Buell T.12; Janssen, Michael9; Jeter, Britton35; Jiang, Wu57; Jiménez-Rosales, Alejandra21; Jorstad, Svetlana94; Jung, Taehyun50,51; Karami, Mansour1,3; Karuppusamy, Ramesh9; Kawashima, Tomohisa95; Keating, Garrett K.4; Kettenis, Mark96; Kim, Dong-Jin9; Kim, Jae-Young9,50,97; Kim, Jongsoo50; Kim, Junhan12,43; Kino, Motoki32,98; Koay, Jun Yi35; Kocherlakota, Prashant17; Kofuji, Yutaro60,88; Koch, Patrick M.35; Koyama, Shoko35,99; Kramer, Carsten48; Kramer, Michael9; Krichbaum, Thomas P.9; Kuo, Cheng-Yu35,100; Bella, Noemi La21; Lauer, Tod R.101; Lee, Daeyoung8; Lee, Sang-Sung50; Lehner, Luis3; Leung, Po Kin102; Levis, Aviad43; Li, Zhiyuan103,104; Lico, Rocco33,105; Lindahl, Greg4; Lindqvist, Michael55; Lisakov, Mikhail9; Liu, Jun9; Liu, Kuo9; Liuzzo, Elisabetta106; Lo, Wen-Ping35,107; Lobanov, Andrei P.9; Loinard, Laurent108,109; Lonsdale, Colin J.31; Lu, Ru-Sen9,57,58; Mao JR(毛基荣)110,111,112; Marchili, Nicola9,106; Markoff, Sera20,113; Marrone, Daniel P.12; Marscher, Alan P.94; Martí-Vidal, Iván36,37; Matsushita, Satoki35; Matthews, Lynn D.31; Menten, Karl M.9; Michalik, Daniel40,114; Mizuno, Izumi41,42; Moran, James M.4,5; Moriyama, Kotaro17,31,60; Müller, Cornelia9,21; Mus, Alejandro36,37; Musoke, Gibwa20,21; Myserlis, Ioannis115; Nadolski, Andrew10; Nagai, Hiroshi32,61; Nagar, Neil M.116; Nakamura, Masanori35,117; Narayanan, Gopal49; Natarajan, Iniyan66,118; Fuentes, Santiago Navarro115; Neilsen, Joey119,150; Neri, Roberto48; Ni, Chunchong1,2,3; Noutsos, Aristeidis9; Nowak, Michael A.120; Oh, Junghwan121; Okino, Hiroki60,88; Ortiz-León, Gisela N.9,109; Oyama, Tomoaki60; Palumbo, Daniel C. M.4,5; Paraschos, Georgios Filippos9; Park, Jongho35,122; Parsons, Harriet41,42; Patel, Nimesh4; Pen, Ue-Li3,35,123,124,125; Piétu, Vincent48; Plambeck, Richard126; PopStefanija, Aleksandar49; Pötzl, Felix M.9,127; Preciado-López, Jorge A.3; Pu, Hung-Yi35,128,129; Ramakrishnan, Venkatessh116,130,131; Rao, Ramprasad4; Rawlings, Mark G.41,42,132; Raymond, Alexander W.4,5; Ripperda, Bart63,133; Roelofs, Freek4,5,21; Rogers, Alan31; Ros, Eduardo9; Romero-Cañizales, Cristina35; Roshanineshat, Arash12; Rottmann, Helge9; Roy, Alan L.9; Ruiz, Ignacio115; Ruszczyk, Chet31; Rygl, Kazi L. J.106; Sánchez, Salvador115; Sánchez-Argüelles, David82,83; Sánchez-Portal, Miguel115; Sasada, Mahito60,134,135; Satapathy, Kaushik12; Savolainen, Tuomas9,131,136; Schloerb, F. Peter49; Schonfeld, Jonathan4; Schuster, Karl-Friedrich48; Shao, Lijing9,87; Shen, Zhiqiang57,58; Small, Des96; Sohn, Bong Won41,42,50,51,137; SooHoo, Jason31; Souccar, Kamal49; Sun, He43; Tazaki, Fumie60; Tetarenko, Alexandra J.29,138; Tiede, Paul4,5; Tilanus, Remo P. J.12,21,92,139; Titus, Michael31; Torne, Pablo9,115; Traianou, Efthalia9,33; Trent, Tyler12; Trippe, Sascha140; Turk, Matthew10; Bemmel, Ilse van96; Langevelde, Huib Jan van92,96,141; Rossum, Daniel R. van21; Wagner, Jan9; Ward-Thompson, Derek142; Wardle, John143; Weintroub, Jonathan4,5; Wex, Norbert9; Wharton, Robert9; Wiik, Kaj144; Witzel, Gunther9; Wondrak, Michael F.21,145; Wu, Qingwen146; Yamaguchi, Paul4; Young, André21; Young, Ken4; Yuan, Feng57,84,147; Yuan, Ye-Fei41,42,148; Zensus, J. Anton9; Zhang, Shuo149; Zhao, Guang-Yao33; Zhao, Shan-Shan57
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS
2022-05-01
Volume930Issue:2
DOI10.3847/2041-8213/ac65eb
Contribution Rank第110完成单位
Indexed BySCI
Abstract

We present a framework for characterizing the spatiotemporal power spectrum of the variability expected from the horizon-scale emission structure around supermassive black holes, and we apply this framework to a library of general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) simulations and associated general relativistic ray-traced images relevant for Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) observations of Sgr A*. We find that the variability power spectrum is generically a red-noise process in both the temporal and spatial dimensions, with the peak in power occurring on the longest timescales and largest spatial scales. When both the time-averaged source structure and the spatially integrated light-curve variability are removed, the residual power spectrum exhibits a universal broken power-law behavior. On small spatial frequencies, the residual power spectrum rises as the square of the spatial frequency and is proportional to the variance in the centroid of emission. Beyond some peak in variability power, the residual power spectrum falls as that of the time-averaged source structure, which is similar across simulations; this behavior can be naturally explained if the variability arises from a multiplicative random field that has a steeper high-frequency power-law index than that of the time-averaged source structure. We briefly explore the ability of power spectral variability studies to constrain physical parameters relevant for the GRMHD simulations, which can be scaled to provide predictions for black holes in a range of systems in the optically thin regime. We present specific expectations for the behavior of the M87* and Sgr A* accretion flows as observed by the EHT.

Funding ProjectNational Science Foundation[OISE-1743747] ; National Science Foundation[AST-1816420] ; National Science Foundation[AST1716536] ; National Science Foundation[AST-1440254] ; National Science Foundation[AST-1935980] ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF251431.001-A] ; NASA[NAS5-26555] ; Academy of Finland[274477] ; Academy of Finland[284495] ; Academy of Finland[312496] ; Academy of Finland[315721] ; Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID), Chile[NCN19_058] ; Fondecyt[1221421] ; Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-246083] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-259839] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[F0003-272050] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[M0037-279006] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[F0003281692] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[104497] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[275201] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[263356] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112820] ; European Research Council Synergy Grant BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana[APOSTD/2018/177] ; GenT Program[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; MICINN[PID2019-108995GB-C22] ; European Research Council[884631] ; Dutch National Supercomputers, Cartesius and Snellius (NWO)[2021.013] ; DFG[FR 4069/2-1] ; Simons Foundation ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSWSYS008] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[ZDBS-LY-SLH011] ; Leverhulme Trust ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP21H01137] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18H03721] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K13594] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18K03709] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP19K14761] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18H01245] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[25120007] ; Malaysian Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)[FRGS/1/2019/STG02/UM/02/6] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[103-2119-M-001010-MY2] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2112-M-001-025-MY3] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2119-M-001-042] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2112-M-001-011] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2119-M-001-013] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2119-M-001027] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2923-M-001-005] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-017] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M001-020] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-041] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-110-005] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2923M-001-009] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[108-2112-M-001-048] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[108-2112-M-001-051] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[1082923-M-001-002] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[109-2112-M-001-025] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[109-2124-M-001-005] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[109-2923-M-001-001] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[110-2112-M-003-007-MY2] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[110-2112-M001-033] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[110-2124-M-001-007] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[110-2923-M-001-001] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant)[80NSSC20K1567] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA Astrophysics Theory Program)[80NSSC20K0527] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA NuSTAR award)[80NSSC20K0645] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFA0402703] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400702] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST0352953] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0521233] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0705062] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0905844] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST0922984] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1126433] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1140030] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[DGE-1144085] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST1207704] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207730] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207752] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[MRI-1228509] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[OPP1248097] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1310896] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1555365] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1614868] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST1615796] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1715061] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1716327] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-2034306] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11650110427] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[10625314] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11721303] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11725312] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11873028] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11933007] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11991052] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11991053] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[12192220] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[12192223] ; NWO[OCENW.KLEIN.113] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2020M671266] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; National Research Foundation of Korea[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752] ; National Research Foundation of Korea[NRF-2015H1D3A1066561] ; National Research Foundation of Korea[2019R1F1A1059721] ; National Research Foundation of Korea[2022R1C1C1005255] ; Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award[639.043.513] ; Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; YCAA Prize Postdoctoral Fellowship ; NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship[AST-1903847] ; MEXT[JPMXP1020200109] ; JICFuS ; South African Research Chairs Initiative, through the South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO)[77948] ; Swedish Research Council[2017-00648] ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[PGC2018-098915-B-C21] ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[AYA2016-80889-P] ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[PID2019-108995GB-C21] ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[PID2020117404GB-C21] ; University of Pretoria ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa award[SEV-2017-0709] ; Consejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad of the Junta de Andalucia[P18-FR-1769] ; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas[2019AEP112] ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme[101018682] ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE[89233218CNA000001] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program[730562 RadioNet] ; Shanghai Pilot Program for Basic Research, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai Branch[JCYJ-SHFY2021-013] ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra[DD7-18089X] ; Chandra[TM6-17006X] ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) Project[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; NSF[ACI-1548562] ; NSF[DBI-0735191] ; NSF[DBI-1265383] ; NSF[DBI-1743442] ; Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy[DE-AC05-00OR22725] ; NASA Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF2-51431.001-A] ; Virtual Institute of Accretion (VIA) postdoctoral fellowships from the Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA) ; Smithsonian Institution ; Academia Sinica ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education[2022R1C1C1005255] ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education[NRF-2021R1A6A3A01086420] ; Special Fund for Astronomy from the Ministry of Finance in China ; Brain Pool Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Science and ICT[019H1D3A1A01102564] ; U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; NSF ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF2-51494.001] ; EACOA Fellowship - East Asia Core Observatories Association
Funding OrganizationNational Science Foundation[OISE-1743747, AST-1816420, AST1716536, AST-1440254, AST-1935980] ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF251431.001-A] ; NASA[NAS5-26555] ; Academy of Finland[274477, 284495, 312496, 315721] ; Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID), Chile[NCN19_058] ; Fondecyt[1221421] ; Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-246083, U0004-259839, F0003-272050, M0037-279006, F0003281692, 104497, 275201, 263356] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417, IN112820] ; European Research Council Synergy Grant BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana[APOSTD/2018/177] ; GenT Program[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; MICINN[PID2019-108995GB-C22] ; European Research Council[884631] ; Dutch National Supercomputers, Cartesius and Snellius (NWO)[2021.013] ; DFG[FR 4069/2-1] ; Simons Foundation ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057, QYZDJ-SSWSYS008, ZDBS-LY-SLH011] ; Leverhulme Trust ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090, JP21H01137, JP18H03721, JP18K13594, 18K03709, JP19K14761, 18H01245, 25120007] ; Malaysian Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)[FRGS/1/2019/STG02/UM/02/6] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[103-2119-M-001010-MY2, 105-2112-M-001-025-MY3, 105-2119-M-001-042, 106-2112-M-001-011, 106-2119-M-001-013, 106-2119-M-001027, 106-2923-M-001-005, 107-2119-M-001-017, 107-2119-M001-020, 107-2119-M-001-041] ; The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-110-005, 107-2923M-001-009, 108-2112-M-001-048, 108-2112-M-001-051, 1082923-M-001-002, 109-2112-M-001-025, 109-2124-M-001-005, 109-2923-M-001-001, 110-2112-M-003-007-MY2, 110-2112-M001-033, 110-2124-M-001-007, 110-2923-M-001-001] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant)[80NSSC20K1567] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA Astrophysics Theory Program)[80NSSC20K0527] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA NuSTAR award)[80NSSC20K0645] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704, 2017YFA0402703, 2016YFA0400702, 2017YFA0402700] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454, AST0352953, AST-0521233, AST-0705062, AST-0905844, AST0922984, AST-1126433, AST-1140030, DGE-1144085, AST1207704, AST-1207730, AST-1207752, MRI-1228509, OPP1248097, AST-1310896, AST-1555365, AST-1614868, AST1615796, AST-1715061, AST-1716327, AST-2034306] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11650110427, 10625314, 11721303, 11725312, 11873028, 11933007, 11991052, 11991053, 12192220, 12192223] ; NWO[OCENW.KLEIN.113] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2020M671266] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; National Research Foundation of Korea[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752, NRF-2015H1D3A1066561, 2019R1F1A1059721, 2022R1C1C1005255] ; Dutch Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award[639.043.513] ; Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; YCAA Prize Postdoctoral Fellowship ; NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship[AST-1903847] ; MEXT[JPMXP1020200109] ; JICFuS ; South African Research Chairs Initiative, through the South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO)[77948] ; Swedish Research Council[2017-00648] ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion[PGC2018-098915-B-C21, AYA2016-80889-P, PID2019-108995GB-C21, PID2020117404GB-C21] ; University of Pretoria ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa award[SEV-2017-0709] ; Consejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad of the Junta de Andalucia[P18-FR-1769] ; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas[2019AEP112] ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme[101018682] ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE[89233218CNA000001] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program[730562 RadioNet] ; Shanghai Pilot Program for Basic Research, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai Branch[JCYJ-SHFY2021-013] ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra[DD7-18089X, TM6-17006X] ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) Project[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; NSF[ACI-1548562, DBI-0735191, DBI-1265383, DBI-1743442] ; Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy[DE-AC05-00OR22725] ; NASA Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF2-51431.001-A] ; Virtual Institute of Accretion (VIA) postdoctoral fellowships from the Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA) ; Smithsonian Institution ; Academia Sinica ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education[2022R1C1C1005255, NRF-2021R1A6A3A01086420] ; Special Fund for Astronomy from the Ministry of Finance in China ; Brain Pool Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Science and ICT[019H1D3A1A01102564] ; U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; NSF ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF2-51494.001] ; EACOA Fellowship - East Asia Core Observatories Association
Language英语
Subject Area天文学 ; 天体物理学 ; 高能天体物理学 ; 天文学 ; 星系与宇宙学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherIOP Publishing Ltd
Publication PlaceTEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
ISSN2041-8205
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000794025400001
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS KeywordSAGITTARIUS A-ASTERISK ; MAGNETICALLY ARRESTED ACCRETION ; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC SIMULATIONS ; GRMHD SIMULATIONS ; GALACTIC-CENTER ; M87 ; MILLIMETER ; SHADOW ; SCHEME ; JET
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/25159
Collection星系类星体研究组
中国科学院天体结构与演化重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorGeorgiev, Boris
Affiliation1.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue W, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada;
2.Waterloo Centre for Astrophysics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada;
3.Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street N, Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5, Canada;
4.Center for Astrophysics ∣ Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
5.Black Hole Initiative at Harvard University, 20 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
6.School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, 1 Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA;
7.Princeton Gravity Initiative, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA;
8.Department of Physics, University of Illinois, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA;
9.Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany;
10.Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA;
11.NCSA, University of Illinois, 1205 W. Clark St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA;
12.Steward Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA;
13.Data Science Institute, University of Arizona, 1230 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA;
14.Program in Applied Mathematics, University of Arizona, 617 N. Santa Rita, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA;
15.Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shengrong Road 520, Shanghai, 201210, People's Republic of China;
16.School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, People's Republic of China;
17.Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Straße 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany;
18.CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark;
19.Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universität Würzburg, Emil-Fischer-Str. 31, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany;
20.Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;
21.Department of Astrophysics, Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), Radboud University, P.O. Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands;
22.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT, UK;
23.Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany;
24.School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland;
25.Department of Physics, Harvard University, 17 Oxford Street Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
26.John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, 29 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
27.Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, GR 15783 Zografos, Greece;
28.Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA;
29.NASA Hubble Fellowship Program, Einstein Fellow;
30.Department of Physics & Astronomy, The University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA;
31.Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory, 99 Millstone Road, Westford, MA 01886, USA;
32.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan;
33.Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada, Spain;
34.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia;
35.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 11F of Astronomy-Mathematics Building, AS/NTU No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
36.Departament d'Astronomia i Astrofísica, Universitat de València, C. Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, València, Spain;
37.Observatori Astronòmic, Universitat de València, C. Catedrático José Beltrán 2, E-46980 Paterna, València, Spain;
38.Yale Center for Astronomy & Astrophysics, Yale University, 52 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511, USA;
39.Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, MS209, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA;
40.Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
41.East Asian Observatory, 660 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
42.James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT), 660 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
43.California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA;
44.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 645 N. A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
45.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2505 Correa Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA;
46.Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada;
47.McGill Space Institute, McGill University, 3550 rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 2A7, Canada;
48.Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), 300 rue de la Piscine, F-38406 Saint Martin d'Hères, France;
49.Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003, USA;
50.Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daedeok-daero 776, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34055, Republic of Korea;
51.University of Science and Technology, Gajeong-ro 217, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34113, Republic of Korea;
52.Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
53.Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5720 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
54.Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
55.Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, SE-43992 Onsala, Sweden;
56.Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA;
57.Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, People's Republic of China;
58.Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, People's Republic of China;
59.Physics Department, Fairfield University, 1073 North Benson Road, Fairfield, CT 06824, USA;
60.Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-12 Hoshigaoka, Mizusawa, Oshu, Iwate 023-0861, Japan;
61.Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan;
62.Department of Astronomy and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 550 W. 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA;
63.Center for Computational Astrophysics, Flatiron Institute, 162 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010, USA;
64.Dipartimento di Fisica
65.INFN Sez. di Napoli, Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126, Napoli, Italy;
66.Wits Centre for Astrophysics, University of the Witwatersrand, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Braamfontein, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa;
67.Department of Physics, University of Pretoria, Hatfield, Pretoria 0028, South Africa;
68.Centre for Radio Astronomy Techniques and Technologies, Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, Makhanda 6140, South Africa;
69.ASTRON, Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands;
70.LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon, France;
71.JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA;
72.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China;
73.Las Cumbres Observatory, 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117-5575, USA;
74.Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530, USA;
75.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA;
76.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 32-D476, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA;
77.Google Research, 355 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA;
78.Department of History of Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
79.Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
80.Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, SP Monserrato-Sestu km 0.7, I-09042 Monserrato, Italy;
81.INAF—Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, Via della Scienza 5, I-09047, Selargius, CA, Italy;
82.Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica. Apartado Postal 51 y 216, 72000. Puebla Pue., México;
83.Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologìa, Av. Insurgentes Sur 1582, 03940, Ciudad de México, México;
84.Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, People's Republic of China;
85.NOVA Sub-mm Instrumentation Group, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands;
86.Department of Astronomy, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People's Republic of China;
87.Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People's Republic of China;
88.Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan;
89.The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo, 190-8562, Japan;
90.Department of Statistical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8562, Japan;
91.Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, 277-8583, Japan;
92.Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Postbus 2300, 9513 RA Leiden, The Netherlands;
93.ASTRAVEO LLC, P.O. Box 1668, Gloucester, MA 01931, USA;
94.Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215, USA;
95.Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582, Japan;
96.Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE), Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands;
97.Department of Astronomy and Atmospheric Sciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Republic of Korea;
98.Kogakuin University of Technology & Engineering, Academic Support Center, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan;
99.Niigata University, 8050 Ikarashi-nino-cho, Nishi-ku, Niigata 950-2181, Japan;
100.Physics Department, National Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 70, Lien-Hai Road, Kaosiung City 80424, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
101.National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, USA;
102.Department of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong;
103.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People's Republic of China;
104.Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People's Republic of China;
105.INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy;
106.INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia & Italian ALMA Regional Centre, Via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy;
107.Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, No.1, Sect. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C;
108.Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia 58089, México;
109.Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Apdo Postal 70-264, Ciudad de México, México;
110.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China;
111.Center for Astronomical Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100012, People's Republic of China;
112.Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, People's Republic of China;
113.Gravitation and Astroparticle Physics Amsterdam (GRAPPA) Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands;
114.Science Support Office, Directorate of Science, European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESA/ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands;
115.Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), Avenida Divina Pastora 7, Local 20, E-18012, Granada, Spain;
116.Astronomy Department, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile;
117.National Institute of Technology, Hachinohe College, 16-1 Uwanotai, Tamonoki, Hachinohe City, Aomori 039-1192, Japan;
118.South African Radio Astronomy Observatory, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa;
119.Villanova University, Mendel Science Center Rm. 263B, 800 E. Lancaster Ave., Villanova, PA 19085, USA;
120.Physics Department, Washington University CB 1105, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA;
121.Sejong University, 209 Neungdong-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea;
122.EACOA Fellow;
123.Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada;
124.Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada;
125.Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 180 Dundas St. W, Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8, Canada;
126.Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA;
127.Department of Physics, University College Cork, Kane Building, College Road, Cork T12 K8AF, Ireland;
128.Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 88, Sec. 4, Tingzhou Rd., Taipei 116, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
129.Center of Astronomy and Gravitation, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 88, Sec. 4, Tingzhou Road, Taipei 116, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
130.Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO, FI-20014 University of Turku, Finland;
131.Aalto University Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Metsähovintie 114, FI-02540 Kylmälä, Finland;
132.Gemini Observatory/NSF NOIRLab, 670 N. A'ohōkū Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
133.Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA;
134.Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan;
135.Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan;
136.Aalto University Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, PL 15500, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland;
137.Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, Yonsei-ro 50, Seodaemun-gu, 03722 Seoul, Republic of Korea;
138.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409-1051, USA;
139.Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), Postbus 93138, 2509 AC Den Haag, The Netherlands;
140.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea;
141.University of New Mexico, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA;
142.Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK;
143.Physics Department, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02453, USA;
144.Tuorla Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, Finland;
145.Radboud Excellence Fellow of Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands;
146.School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, People's Republic of China;
147.School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China;
148.Astronomy Department, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, People's Republic of China;
149.Bard College, 30 Campus Road, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504, USA;
150.Department of Physics, Villanova University, 800 Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Georgiev, Boris,Pesce, Dominic W.,Broderick, Avery E.,et al. A Universal Power-law Prescription for Variability from Synthetic Images of Black Hole Accretion Flows[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS,2022,930(2).
APA Georgiev, Boris.,Pesce, Dominic W..,Broderick, Avery E..,Wong, George N..,Dhruv, Vedant.,...&Zhao, Shan-Shan.(2022).A Universal Power-law Prescription for Variability from Synthetic Images of Black Hole Accretion Flows.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS,930(2).
MLA Georgiev, Boris,et al."A Universal Power-law Prescription for Variability from Synthetic Images of Black Hole Accretion Flows".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS 930.2(2022).
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