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The HASHTAG Project: The First Submillimeter Images of the Andromeda Galaxy from the Ground
Smith, Matthew W. L.1; Eales, Stephen A.1; Williams, Thomas G.2; Lee, Bumhyun3,4; Li, Zongnan5,6; Barmby, Pauline7; Bureau, Martin8; Chapman, Scott9; Cho, Brian S.10; Chung, Aeree4; Chung, Eun Jung11; Chung, Hui-Hsuan12; Clark, Christopher J. R.13; Clements, David L.14; Davis, Timothy A.1; Looze, Ilse De15,16; Eden, David J.17; Athikkat-Eknath, Gayathri1; Ford, George P.1; Gao, Yu18,19; Gear, Walter20; Gomez, Haley L.1; Grijs, Richard de21,22; He JH(何金华)23,24,25; Ho, Luis C.3,26; Hughes, Thomas M.24,27,28,29; Jiao, Sihan30,31; Li, Zhiyuan5,6; Kemper, Francisca32,33; Kirchschlager, Florian16; Koch, Eric W.34; Kong, Albert K. H.12; Lee, Chien-Hsiu35; Lin, En-Tzu12; Mairs, Steve36; Michałowski, Michał J.37; Pattle, Kate20; Peng, Yingjie3; Ragan, Sarah E.1; Rawlings, Mark G.36; Rigopoulou, Dimitra8; Saintonge, Amelie16; Schruba, Andreas38; Tang, Xindi39; Wang, Junfeng18; Whitworth, Anthony P.1; Wilson, Christine D.40; Yim, Kijeong11; Zhu, Ming30
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES
2021-12
Volume257Issue:2
DOI10.3847/1538-4365/ac23d0
Contribution Rank第23完成单位
Indexed BySCI
Abstract

Observing nearby galaxies with submillimeter telescopes on the ground has two major challenges. First, the brightness is significantly reduced at long submillimeter wavelengths compared to the brightness at the peak of the dust emission. Second, it is necessary to use a high-pass spatial filter to remove atmospheric noise on large angular scales, which has the unwelcome side effect of also removing the galaxy's large-scale structure. We have developed a technique for producing high-resolution submillimeter images of galaxies of large angular size by using the telescope on the ground to determine the small-scale structure (the large Fourier components) and a space telescope (Herschel or Planck) to determine the large-scale structure (the small Fourier components). Using this technique, we are carrying out the HARP and SCUBA-2 High Resolution Terahertz Andromeda Galaxy Survey (HASHTAG), an international Large Program on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, with one aim being to produce the first high-fidelity high-resolution submillimeter images of Andromeda. In this paper, we describe the survey, the method we have developed for combining the space-based and ground-based data, and we present the first HASHTAG images of Andromeda at 450 and 850 mu m. We also have created a method to predict the CO(J = 3-2) line flux across M31, which contaminates the 850 mu m band. We find that while normally the contamination is below our sensitivity limit, it can be significant (up to 28%) in a few of the brightest regions of the 10 kpc ring. We therefore also provide images with the predicted line emission removed.

Funding ProjectNational Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United KingdomUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; Canada Foundation for InnovationCanada Foundation for InnovationCGIAR ; European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) via the Welsh Government ; UK Science and Technology Facilities CouncilUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)[ST/K000926/1] ; European Research Council (ERC)European Research Council (ERC)European Commission[ERC-2014-CoG-647939] ; National Research Foundation[2018R1D1A1B07048314] ; National Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[12073002] ; National Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11721303] ; National Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11991052] ; STFC consolidated grant Astrophysics at Oxford[ST/H002456/1] ; STFC consolidated grant Astrophysics at Oxford[ST/K00106X/1] ; STFCUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)[ST/S00033X/1] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11873086] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[U1631237] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11873028] ; Yunnan Province of China[2017HC018] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key Basic R&D Program of ChinaNational Basic Research Program of China[2017YFA0402704] ; National Key Basic R&D Program of ChinaNational Basic Research Program of China[2016YFA0400702] ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11861131007] ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[12033004] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH008] ; National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research of Chile (CONICYT) through a CAS-CONICYT Joint Postdoctoral Fellowship ; Academia SinicaAcademia Sinica - Taiwan[AS-IA-106-M03] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) of TaiwanMinistry of Science and Technology, Taiwan[MOST107-2119-M-001-031-MY3] ; European Research CouncilEuropean Research Council (ERC)European Commission[SNDUST ERC-2015-AdG-694520] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFA0402703] ; National Science Centre, Poland through the POLONEZ[2015/19/P/ST9/04010] ; SONATA BIS grant[2018/30/E/ST9/00208] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of CanadaNatural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)CGIAR ; Canada Research Chairs programCanada Research Chairs ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programEuropean Research Council (ERC)[694343]
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United KingdomUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; Canada Foundation for InnovationCanada Foundation for InnovationCGIAR ; European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) via the Welsh Government ; UK Science and Technology Facilities CouncilUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)[ST/K000926/1] ; European Research Council (ERC)European Research Council (ERC)European Commission[ERC-2014-CoG-647939] ; National Research Foundation[2018R1D1A1B07048314] ; National Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[12073002, 11721303, 11991052] ; STFC consolidated grant Astrophysics at Oxford[ST/H002456/1, ST/K00106X/1] ; STFCUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)[ST/S00033X/1] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11873086, U1631237, 11873028] ; Yunnan Province of China[2017HC018] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key Basic R&D Program of ChinaNational Basic Research Program of China[2017YFA0402704, 2016YFA0400702] ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11861131007, 12033004] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH008] ; National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research of Chile (CONICYT) through a CAS-CONICYT Joint Postdoctoral Fellowship ; Academia SinicaAcademia Sinica - Taiwan[AS-IA-106-M03] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) of TaiwanMinistry of Science and Technology, Taiwan[MOST107-2119-M-001-031-MY3] ; European Research CouncilEuropean Research Council (ERC)European Commission[SNDUST ERC-2015-AdG-694520] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFA0402703] ; National Science Centre, Poland through the POLONEZ[2015/19/P/ST9/04010] ; SONATA BIS grant[2018/30/E/ST9/00208] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of CanadaNatural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)CGIAR ; Canada Research Chairs programCanada Research Chairs ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programEuropean Research Council (ERC)[694343]
Language英语
Subject Area天文学 ; 星系与宇宙学 ; 恒星与银河系
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherIOP Publishing Ltd
Publication PlaceTEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
ISSN0067-0049
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000724866100001
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS KeywordSTAR-FORMATION ; LEGACY SURVEY ; DATA REDUCTION ; MAP-MAKING ; DUST ; HERSCHEL ; SCUBA-2 ; PLANCK ; GAS ; I.
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/24708
Collection大样本恒星演化研究组
Corresponding AuthorSmith, Matthew W. L.
Affiliation1.School of Physics & Astronomy, Cardiff University, The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK; Matthew.Smith@astro.cf.ac.uk;
2.Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117, Heidelberg, Germany;
3.Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People's Republic of China;
4.Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea;
5.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People's Republic of China;
6.Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People's Republic of China;
7.Department of Physics & Astronomy, Institute for Earth & Space Exploration, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond Street, London, Ontario, Canada;
8.Sub-department of Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK;
9.Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada;
10.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea;
11.Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Chungnam National University, 99 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34134, Republic of Korea;
12.Institute of Astronomy, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30013, Taiwan;
13.Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA;
14.Astrophysics Group, Physics Department, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ, UK;
15.Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281S9, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium;
16.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK;
17.Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, IC2, Liverpool Science Park, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK;
18.Department of Astronomy, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005, People's Republic of China;
19.Purple Mountain Observatory & Key Laboratory for Radio Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 10 Yuanhua Road, Nanjing 210023, People's Republic of China;
20.Centre for Astronomy, Department of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway H91 TK33, Ireland;
21.Department of Physics & Astronomy, Macquarie University, Balaclava Road, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia;
22.Research Centre for Astronomy, Astrophysics and Astrophotonics, Macquarie University, Balaclava Road, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia;
23.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 396 Yangfangwang, Guandu District, Kunming 650216, People's Republic of China;
24.Chinese Academy of Sciences South America Center for Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, CAS, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China;
25.Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile;
26.Department of Astronomy, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People's Republic of China;
27.Instituto de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de Valparaíso, Avda. Gran Bretaña 1111, Valparaíso, Chile;
28.CAS Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Department of Astronomy, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, People's Republic of China;
29.School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, People's Republic of China;
30.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100012, People's Republic of China;
31.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China;
32.European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany;
33.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei 10617, Taiwan;
34.Center for Astrophysics ∣ Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
35.NSF's National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory, Tucson, AZ 85742, USA;
36.East Asian Observatory, 660 N. A'ohōkū Place, University Park, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
37.Astronomical Observatory Institute, Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Słoneczna 36, 60-286 Poznań, Poland;
38.Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstraße 1, D-85748 Garching, Germany;
39.Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 830011 Urumqi, People's Republic of China;
40.Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. W., Hamilton, ON, L8S 4M1 Canada
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Smith, Matthew W. L.,Eales, Stephen A.,Williams, Thomas G.,et al. The HASHTAG Project: The First Submillimeter Images of the Andromeda Galaxy from the Ground[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES,2021,257(2).
APA Smith, Matthew W. L..,Eales, Stephen A..,Williams, Thomas G..,Lee, Bumhyun.,Li, Zongnan.,...&Zhu, Ming.(2021).The HASHTAG Project: The First Submillimeter Images of the Andromeda Galaxy from the Ground.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES,257(2).
MLA Smith, Matthew W. L.,et al."The HASHTAG Project: The First Submillimeter Images of the Andromeda Galaxy from the Ground".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES 257.2(2021).
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