YNAO OpenIR  > 星系类星体研究组
Absolute calibration of LHAASO WFCTA camera based on LED
Aharonian, F.27,28; An, Q.4,5; Axikegu20; Bai, L.X.21; Bai, Y.X.1,3; Bao, Y.W.15; Bastieri, D.10; Bi, X.J.1,2,3; Bi, Y.J.1,3; Cai, H.23; Cai, J.T.10; Cao, Zhen1,2,3; Cao, Zhe4,5; Chang, J.16; Chang, J.F.1,3,4; Chen, B.M.13; Chen, E.S.1,2,3; Chen, J.21; Chen, Liang1,2,3; Chen, Liang18; Chen, Long20; Chen, M.J.1,3; Chen, M.L.1,3,4; Chen, Q.H.20; Chen, S.H.1,2,3; Chen, S.Z.1,3; Chen, T.L.22; Chen, X.L.1,2,3; Chen, Y.15; Cheng, N.1,3; Cheng, Y.D.1,3; Cui, S.W.13; Cui, X.H.7; Cui, Y.D.11; Dai, B.Z.24; Dai, H.L.1,3,4; Dai, Z.G.15; Danzengluobu22; della Volpe, D.32; Piazzoli, B. D’Ettorre29; Dong, X.J.1,3; Duan, K.K.16; Fan, J.H.10; Fan, Y.Z.16; Fan, Z.X.1,3; Fang, J.24; Fang, K.1,3; Feng, C.F.17; Feng, L.16; Feng, S.H.1,3; Feng, Y.L.16; Fu, Y.T.26; Gan, H.Y.26; Gao, B.1,3; Gao, C.D.17; Gao, L.Q.1,2,3; Gao, Q.22; Gao, W.17; Ge, M.M.24; Geng, L.S.1,3; Gong, G.H.6; Gou, Q.B.1,3; Gu, M.H.1,3,4; Guo, F.L.18; Guo, J.G.1,2,3; Guo, X.L.20; Guo, Y.Q.1,3; Guo, Y.Y.1,2,3,16; Han, Y.A.14; He, H.H.1,2,3; He, H.N.16; He, J.C.1,2,3; He, S.L.10; He, X.B.11; He, Y.20; Heller, M.32; Hor, Y.K.11; Hou, C.1,3; Hu, H.B.1,2,3; Hu, S.21; Hu, S.C.1,2,3; Hu, X.J.6; Huang, D.H.20; Huang, Q.L.1,3; Huang, W.H.17; Huang, X.T.17; Huang, X.Y.16; Huang, Z.C.20; Ji, F.1,3; Ji, X.L.1,3,4; Jia, H.Y.20; Jiang, K.4,5; Jiang, Z.J.24; Jin, C.1,2,3; Ke, T.1,3; Kuleshov, D.30; Levochkin, K.30; Li, B.B.13; Li, Cong1,3; Li, Cheng4,5; Li, F.1,3,4; Li, H.B.1,3; Li, H.C.1,3; Li, H.Y.5,16; Li, J.1,3,4; Li, K.1,3; Li, W.L.17; Li, Xin4,5; Li, Xin20; Li, X.R.1,3; Li, Y.21; Li, Y.Z.1,2,3; Li, Zhe1,3; Li, Zhuo9; Liang, E.W.12; Liang, Y.F.12; Lin, S.J.11; Liu, B.5; Liu, C.1,3; Liu, D.17; Liu, H.20; Liu, H.D.14; Liu, J.1,3; Liu, J.L.19; Liu, J.S.11; Liu, J.Y.1,3; Liu, M.Y.22; Liu, R.Y.15; Liu, S.M.20; Liu, W.1,3; Liu, Y.10; Liu, Y.N.6; Liu, Z.X.21; Long, W.J.20; Lu, R.24; Lv, H.K.1,3; Ma, B.Q.9; Ma, L.L.1,3; Ma, X.H.1,3; Mao JR(毛基荣)25; Masood, A.20; Min, Z.1,3; Mitthumsiri, W.33; Montaruli, T.32; Nan, Y.C.17; Pang, B.Y.20; Pattarakijwanich, P.33; Pei, Z.Y.10; Qi, M.Y.1,3; Qi, Y.Q.13; Qiao, B.Q.1,3; Qin, J.J.5; Ruffolo, D.33; Rulev, V.30; Sáiz, A.33; Shao, L.13; Shchegolev, O.30,31; Sheng, X.D.1,3; Shi, J.Y.1,3; Song, H.C.9; Stenkin, Yu.V.30,31; Stepanov, V.30; Su, Y.16; Sun, Q.N.20; Sun, X.N.12; Sun, Z.B.8; Tam, P.H.T.11; Tang, Z.B.4,5; Tian, W.W.2,7; Wang, B.D.1,3; Wang, C.8; Wang, H.20; Wang, H.G.10; Wang JC(王建成)25; Wang, J.S.19; Wang, L.P.17; Wang, L.Y.1,3; Wang, R.N.20; Wang, W.11; Wang, W.23; Wang, X.G.12; Wang, X.J.1,3; Wang, X.Y.15; Wang, Y.20; Wang, Y.D.1,3; Wang, Y.J.1,3; Wang, Y.P.1,2,3; Wang, Z.H.21; Wang, Z.X.24; Wang, Zhen19; Wang, Zheng1,3,4; Wei, D.M.16; Wei, J.J.16; Wei, Y.J.1,2,3; Wen, T.24; Wu, C.Y.1,3; Wu, H.R.1,3; Wu, S.1,3; Wu, W.X.20; Wu, X.F.16; Xi, S.Q.1,3; Xia, J.5,16; Xia, J.J.20; Xiang, G.M.2,18; Xiao, D.X.22; Xiao, G.1,3; Xiao, H.B.10; Xin, G.G.23; Xin, Y.L.20; Xing, Y.18; Xu, D.L.19; Xu, R.X.9; Xue, L.17; Yan DH(闫大海)25; Yan, J.Z.16; Yang, C.W.21; Yang, F.F.1,3,4; Yang, J.Y.11; Yang, L.L.11; Yang, M.J.1,3; Yang, R.Z.5; Yang, S.B.24; Yao, Y.H.21; Yao, Z.G.1,3; Ye, Y.M.6; Yin, L.Q.1,3; Yin, N.17; You, X.H.1,3; You, Z.Y.1,2,3; Yu, Y.H.17; Yuan, Q.16; Zeng, H.D.16; Zeng, T.X.1,3,4; Zeng, W.24; Zeng, Z.K.1,2,3; Zha, M.1,3; Zhai, X.X.1,3; Zhang, B.B.15; Zhang, H.M.15; Zhang, H.Y.17; Zhang, J.L.7; Zhang, J.W.21; Zhang, Lu13; Zhang, Li24; Zhang, L.X.10; Zhang, P.F.24; Zhang, P.P.13; Zhang, R.5,16; Zhang, S.R.13; Zhang, S.S.1,3; Zhang, X.15; Zhang, X.P.1,3; Zhang, Y.F.20; Zhang, Y.L.1,3; Zhang, Yong1,3; Zhang, Yi1,16; Zhao, B.20; Zhao, J.1,3; Zhao, L.4,5; Zhao, L.Z.13; Zhao, S.P.16,17; Zheng, F.8; Zheng, Y.20; Zhou, B.1,3; Zhou, H.19; Zhou, J.N.18; Zhou, P.15; Zhou, R.21; Zhou, X.X.20; Zhu, C.G.17; Zhu, F.R.20; Zhu, H.7; Zhu, K.J.1,2,3,4; Zuo, X.1,3
Source PublicationNUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
2022
Volume1021
DOI10.1016/j.nima.2021.165824
Contribution Rank第25完成单位
Indexed BySCI ; EI
KeywordLHAASO-WFCTA SiPM camera Cylindrical illuminator Calibration Relative photon distribution Photons to electronic signal
Abstract

The main scientific goal of the LHAASO WFCTA experiment is to measure the cosmic ray energy spectra and composition from 10 TeV to 1 EeV. Cherenkov photons in the extensive air shower measured by the SiPM camera of Cherenkov telescopes can be used to reconstruct the cosmic ray energy. The absolute calibration of the camera is a crucial step to achieve the accurate measurement of the cosmic ray energy spectrum. A multi-wavelength cylindrical illuminator based on LEDs is developed and mounted inside the telescope to calibrate and monitor the camera, and the illuminator's stability is better than 0.5% under the temperature variation from-26 to 26 degrees C. A portable probe with a single photoelectron resolution of 21.6% is developed. After calibration by National Institute of Metrology, China (NIM), the probe is taken to the LHAASO site to measure the absolute photon density of the cylindrical illuminator inside the telescope. Based on the illuminator with known photon density, the photon conversion factor of the camera can be calibrated, and the overall calibration uncertainty is less than 2.6%.

Funding ProjectChengdu Management Committee of Tianfu New Area ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11635011] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11761141001] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11905240] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11503021] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11205126] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11947404] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11675187] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[U1831208]
Funding OrganizationChengdu Management Committee of Tianfu New Area ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11635011, 11761141001, 11905240, 11503021, 11205126, 11947404, 11675187, U1831208]
Language英语
Subject Area天文学 ; 天文学其他学科
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherELSEVIER
Publication PlaceRADARWEG 29, 1043 NX AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
ISSN0168-9002
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000718436900006
WOS Research AreaInstruments & Instrumentation ; Nuclear Science & Technology ; Physics
WOS SubjectInstruments & Instrumentation ; Nuclear Science & Technology ; Physics, Nuclear ; Physics, Particles & Fields
EI Accession Number20214811246885
EI KeywordsCalibration
EI Classification Number549.3 Nonferrous Metals and Alloys excluding Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals - 657 Space Physics - 657.2 Extraterrestrial Physics and Stellar Phenomena - 714.2 Semiconductor Devices and Integrated Circuits - 742.2 Photographic Equipment - 931.3 Atomic and Molecular Physics
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/24679
Collection星系类星体研究组
高能天体物理研究组
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics & Experimental Physics Division & Computing Center, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China;
3.TIANFU Cosmic Ray Research Center, Chengdu, Sichuan, China;
4.State Key Laboratory of Particle Detection and Electronics, China;
5.University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei, Anhui, China;
6.Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China;
7.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China;
8.National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100190 Beijing, China;
9.School of Physics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing, China;
10.Center for Astrophysics, Guangzhou University, 510006 Guangzhou, Guangdong, China;
11.School of Physics and Astronomy (Zhuhai) & School of Physics (Guangzhou) & Sino-French Institute of Nuclear Engineering and Technology (Zhuhai), Sun Yat-sen University, 519000 Zhuhai & 510275 Guangzhou, Guangdong, China;
12.School of Physical Science and Technology, Guangxi University, 530004 Nanning, Guangxi, China;
13.Hebei Normal University, 050024 Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China;
14.School of Physics and Microelectronics, Zhengzhou University, 450001 Zhengzhou, Henan, China;
15.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, 210023 Nanjing, Jiangsu, China;
16.Key Laboratory of Dark Matter and Space Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 210023 Nanjing, Jiangsu, China;
17.Institute of Frontier and Interdisciplinary Science, Shandong University, 266237 Qingdao, Shandong, China;
18.Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200030 Shanghai, China;
19.Tsung-Dao Lee Institute & School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200240 Shanghai, China;
20.School of Physical Science and Technology & School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, 610031 Chengdu, Sichuan, China;
21.College of Physics, Sichuan University, 610065 Chengdu, Sichuan, China;
22.Key Laboratory of Cosmic Rays (Tibet University), Ministry of Education, 850000 Lhasa, Tibet, China;
23.School of Physics and Technology, Wuhan University, 430072 Wuhan, Hubei, China;
24.School of Physics and Astronomy, Yunnan University, 650091 Kunming, Yunnan, China;
25.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650216 Kunming, Yunnan, China;
26.National Institute of Metrology, Beijing, 100029, China;
27.Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, 2 Dublin, Ireland;
28.Max-Planck-Institut for Nuclear Physics, P.O. Box 103980, 69029 Heidelberg, Germany;
29.Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università di Napoli “Federico II”, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant’Angelo, via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli, Italy;
30.Institute for Nuclear Research of Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312 Moscow, Russia;
31.Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, 141700 Moscow, Russia;
32.Département de Physique Nucléaire et Corpusculaire, Faculté de Sciences, Université de Genève, 24 Quai Ernest Ansermet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland;
33.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, 10400 Bangkok, Thailand
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Aharonian, F.,An, Q.,Axikegu,et al. Absolute calibration of LHAASO WFCTA camera based on LED[J]. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT,2022,1021.
APA Aharonian, F..,An, Q..,Axikegu.,Bai, L.X..,Bai, Y.X..,...&Zuo, X..(2022).Absolute calibration of LHAASO WFCTA camera based on LED.NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT,1021.
MLA Aharonian, F.,et al."Absolute calibration of LHAASO WFCTA camera based on LED".NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT 1021(2022).
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