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Calibration of the air shower energy scale of the water and air Cherenkov techniques in the LHAASO experiment
Aharonian, F.27,28; An, Q.4,5; Axikegu20; Bai, L. X.21; Bai, Y. X.1,3; Bao, Y. W.15; Bastieri, D.10; Bi, X. J.1,2,3; Bi, Y. J.1,3; Cai, H.23; Cai, J. T.10; Cao, Zhen(1,2,3,*); Cao, Zhe4,5; Chang, J.16; Chang, J. F.1,3,4; Chen, B. M.13; Chen, E. S.1,2,3; Chen, J.21; Chen, Liang1,2,3; Chen, Liang18; Chen, Long20; Chen, M. J.1,3; Chen, M. L.1,3,4; Chen, Q. H.20; Chen, S. H.1,2,3; Chen, S. Z.1,3; Chen, T. L.22; Chen, X. L.1,2,3; Chen, Y.15; Cheng, N.1,3; Cheng, Y. D.1,3; Cui, S. W.13; Cui, X. H.7; Cui, Y. D.11; Dai, B. Z.24; Dai, H. L.1,3,4; Dai, Z. G.15; Danzengluobu22; Volpe, D. della32; Piazzoli, B. D’Ettorre29; Dong, X. J.1,3; Duan, K. K.16; Fan, J. H.10; Fan, Y. Z.16; Fan, Z. X.1,3; Fang, J.24; Fang, K.1,3; Feng, C. F.17; Feng, L.16; Feng, S. H.1,3; Feng, Y. L.16; Gao, B.1,3; Gao, C. D.17; Gao, L. Q.1,2,3; Gao, Q.22; Gao, W.17; Ge, M. M.24; Geng, L. S.1,3; Gong, G. H.6; Gou, Q. B.1,3; Gu, M. H.1,3,4; Guo, F. L.18; Guo, J. G.1,2,3; Guo, X. L.20; Guo, Y. Q.1,3; Guo, Y. Y.1,2,3,16; Han, Y. A.14; He, H. H.1,2,3; He, H. N.16; He, J. C.1,2,3; He, S. L.10; He, X. B.11; He, Y.20; Heller, M.32; Hor, Y. K.11; Hou, C.1,3; Hu, H. B.1,2,3; Hu, S.21; Hu, S. C.1,2,3; Hu, X. J.6; Huang, D. H.20; Huang, Q. L.1,3; Huang, W. H.17; Huang, X. T.17; Huang, X. Y.16; Huang, Z. C.20; Ji, F.1,3; Ji, X. L.1,3,4; Jia, H. Y.20; Jiang, K.4,5; Jiang, Z. J.24; Jin, C.1,2,3; Ke, T.1,3; Kuleshov, D.30; Levochkin, K.30; Li, B. B.13; Li, Cong1,3; Li, Cheng4,5; Li, F.1,3,4; Li, H. B.1,3; Li, H. C.1,3; Li, H. Y.5,16; Li, J.1,3,4; Li, K.1,3; Li, W. L.17; Li, Xin4,5; Li, Xin20; Li, X. R.1,3; Li, Y.21; Li, Y. Z.1,2,3; Li, Zhe1,3; Li, Zhuo9; Liang, E. W.12; Liang, Y. F.12; Lin, S. J.11; Liu, B.5; Liu, C.1,3; Liu, D.17; Liu, H.20; Liu, H. D.14; Liu, J.1,3; Liu, J. L.19; Liu, J. S.11; Liu, J. Y.1,3; Liu, M. Y.22; Liu, R. Y.15; Liu, S. M.20; Liu, W.1,3; Liu, Y.10; Liu, Y. N.6; Liu, Z. X.21; Long, W. J.20; Lu, R.24; Lv, H. K.1,3; Ma, B. Q.9; Ma, L. L.1,3; Ma, X. H.1,3; Mao JR(毛基荣)25; Masood, A.20; Min, Z.1,3; Mitthumsiri, W.33; Montaruli, T.32; Nan, Y. C.17; Pang, B. Y.20; Pattarakijwanich, P.33; Pei, Z. Y.10; Qi, M. Y.1,3; Qi, Y. Q.13; Qiao, B. Q.1,3; Qin, J. J.5; Ruffolo, D.33; Rulev, V.30; Sáiz, A.33; Shao, L.13; Shchegolev, O.30,31; Sheng, X. D.1,3; Shi, J. Y.1,3; Song, H. C.9; Stenkin, Yu. V.30,31; Stepanov, V.30; Su, Y.16; Sun, Q. N.20; Sun, X. N.12; Sun, Z. B.8; Tam, P. H. T.11; Tang, Z. B.4,5; Tian, W. W.2,7; Wang, B. D.1,3; Wang, C.8; Wang, H.20; Wang, H. G.10; Wang JC(王建成)25; Wang, J. S.19; Wang, L. P.17; Wang, L. Y.1,3; Wang, R. N.20; Wang, W.11; Wang, W.23; Wang, X. G.12; Wang, X. J.1,3; Wang, X. Y.15; Wang, Y.20; Wang, Y. D.1,3; Wang, Y. J.26; Wang, Y. P.1,2,3; Wang, Z. H.21; Wang, Z. X.24; Wang, Zhen19; Wang, Zheng1,3,4; Wei, D. M.16; Wei, J. J.16; Wei, Y. J.1,2,3; Wen, T.24; Wu, C. Y.1,3; Wu, H. R.1,3; Wu, S.1,3; Wu, W. X.20; Wu, X. F.16; Xi, S. Q.1,3; Xia, J.5,16; Xia, J. J.20; Xiang, G. M.2,18; Xiao, D. X.22; Xiao, G.1,3; Xiao, H. B.10; Xin, G. G.23; Xin, Y. L.20; Xing, Y.18; Xu, D. L.19; Xu, R. X.9; Xue, L.17; Yan DH(闫大海)25; Yan, J. Z.16; Yang, C. W.21; Yang, F. F.1,3,4; Yang, J. Y.11; Yang, L. L.11; Yang, M. J.1,3; Yang, R. Z.5; Yang, S. B.24; Yao, Y. H.21; Yao, Z. G.1,3; Ye, Y. M.6; Yin, L. Q.1,3; Yin, N.17; You, X. H.1,3; You, Z. Y.1,2,3; Yu, Y. H.17; Yuan, Q.16; Zeng, H. D.16; Zeng, T. X.1,3,4; Zeng, W.24; Zeng, Z. K.1,2,3; Zha, M.1,3; Zhai, X. X.1,3; Zhang, B. B.15; Zhang, H. M.15; Zhang, H. Y.17; Zhang, J. L.7; Zhang, J. W.21; Zhang, Lu13; Zhang, Li24; Zhang, L. X.10; Zhang, P. F.24; Zhang, P. P.13; Zhang, R.5,16; Zhang, S. R.13; Zhang, S. S.1,3; Zhang, X.15; Zhang, X. P.1,3; Zhang, Y. F.20; Zhang, Y. L.1,3; Zhang, Yong1,3; Zhang, Yi1,16; Zhao, B.20; Zhao, J.1,3; Zhao, L.4,5; Zhao, L. Z.13; Zhao, S. P.16,17; Zheng, F.8; Zheng, Y.20; Zhou, B.1,3; Zhou, H.19; Zhou, J. N.18; Zhou, P.15; Zhou, R.21; Zhou, X. X.20; Zhu, C. G.17; Zhu, F. R.20; Zhu, H.7; Zhu, K. J.1,2,3,4; Zuo, X.1,3
Source PublicationPHYSICAL REVIEW D
2021-09-15
Volume104Issue:6
DOI10.1103/PhysRevD.104.062007
Contribution Rank第25完成单位
Indexed BySCI
Abstract

The Wide Field-of-View Cherenkov Telescope Array (WFCTA) and the Water Cherenkov Detector Array (WCDA) of LHAASO are designed to work in combination for measuring the energy spectra of the cosmic ray species over a very wide energy range from a few TeV to 10 PeV. The energy calibration can be achieved with a proven technique of measuring the westward shift of the Moon shadow cast by galactic cosmic rays due to the geomagnetic field. This deflection angle. is inversely proportional to the cosmic ray rigidity. The precise measurement of the shifts by WCDA allows us to calibrate its energy scale for energies as high as 35 TeV. Through a set of commonly triggered events, the energy scales can be propagated to WFCTA. The energies of the events can be derived both by WCDA-1 and WFCTAwith the median energies 23.4 +/- 0.1 +/- 1.3 TeV and (21.9 +/- 0.1 TeV), respectively, which are consistent within uncertainties. In addition, the propagation of the energy scale is also validated by the Moon shadow based on the same data selection criteria of the commonly triggered events. This paper reports, for the first time, an observational measurement of the absolute energy scale of the primary cosmic rays generating showers observed by air Cherenkov telescopes.

Funding ProjectChengdu Management Committee of Tianfu New Area for the constant ; National Key R&D program of China[2018YFA0404201] ; National Key R&D program of China[2018YFA0404202] ; National Key R&D program of China[2018YFA0404203] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11635011] ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11761141001] ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11905240] ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11503021] ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11205126] ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11947404] ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11675187] ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[U1831208] ; Schools of Science and Technology Plan from SiChuan Province Grant[20SYSX0294] ; Thailand Science Research and Innovation[RTA6280002]
Funding OrganizationChengdu Management Committee of Tianfu New Area for the constant ; National Key R&D program of China[2018YFA0404201, 2018YFA0404202, 2018YFA0404203] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; NSFCNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11635011, 11761141001, 11905240, 11503021, 11205126, 11947404, 11675187, U1831208] ; Schools of Science and Technology Plan from SiChuan Province Grant[20SYSX0294] ; Thailand Science Research and Innovation[RTA6280002]
Language英语
Subject Area物理学 ; 天文学 ; 天体物理学 ; 高能天体物理学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::物理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherAMER PHYSICAL SOC
Publication PlaceONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA
ISSN2470-0010
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000699731100002
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics ; Physics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics ; Physics, Particles & Fields
WOS KeywordPERFORMANCE ; FIELD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/24571
Collection星系类星体研究组
高能天体物理研究组
Corresponding AuthorCao, Zhe; Ma, L. L.; Nan, Y. C.; Wang, Y. J.; Zeng, Z. K.
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics & Experimental Physics Division & Computing Center, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China;
3.TIANFU Cosmic Ray Research Center, Chengdu, Sichuan, China;
4.State Key Laboratory of Particle Detection and Electronics, China;
5.University of Science and Technology of China, 230026 Hefei, Anhui, China;
6.Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China;
7.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100101 Beijing, China;
8.National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100190 Beijing, China;
9.School of Physics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing, China;
10.Center for Astrophysics, Guangzhou University, 510006 Guangzhou, Guangdong, China;
11.School of Physics and Astronomy & School of Physics (Guangzhou), Sun Yat-sen University, 519082 Zhuhai, Guangdong, China;
12.School of Physical Science and Technology, Guangxi University, 530004 Nanning, Guangxi, China;
13.Hebei Normal University, 050024 Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China;
14.School of Physics and Microelectronics, Zhengzhou University, 450001 Zhengzhou, Henan, China;
15.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, 210023 Nanjing, Jiangsu, China;
16.Key Laboratory of Dark Matter and Space Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 210023 Nanjing, Jiangsu, China;
17.Institute of Frontier and Interdisciplinary Science, Shandong University, 266237 Qingdao, Shandong, China;
18.Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 200030 Shanghai, China;
19.Tsung-Dao Lee Institute & School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200240 Shanghai, China;
20.School of Physical Science and Technology & School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, 610031 Chengdu, Sichuan, China;
21.College of Physics, Sichuan University, 610065 Chengdu, Sichuan, China;
22.Key Laboratory of Cosmic Rays (Tibet University), Ministry of Education, 850000 Lhasa, Tibet, China;
23.School of Physics and Technology, Wuhan University, 430072 Wuhan, Hubei, China;
24.School of Physics and Astronomy, Yunnan University, 650091 Kunming, Yunnan, China;
25.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650216 Kunming, Yunnan, China;
26.College of Sciences, Northeastern University, 110819 Shenyang, Liaoning, China;
27.Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, 2 Dublin, Ireland;
28.Max-Planck-Institut for Nuclear Physics, P.O. Box 103980, 69029 Heidelberg, Germany;
29.Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università di Napoli “Federico II”, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant’Angelo, via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli, Italy;
30.Institute for Nuclear Research of Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312 Moscow, Russia;
31.Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, 141700 Moscow, Russia;
32.Département de Physique Nucléaire et Corpusculaire, Faculté de Sciences, Université de Genève, 24 Quai Ernest Ansermet, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland;
33.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, 10400 Bangkok, Thailand
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Aharonian, F.,An, Q.,Axikegu,et al. Calibration of the air shower energy scale of the water and air Cherenkov techniques in the LHAASO experiment[J]. PHYSICAL REVIEW D,2021,104(6).
APA Aharonian, F..,An, Q..,Axikegu.,Bai, L. X..,Bai, Y. X..,...&Zuo, X..(2021).Calibration of the air shower energy scale of the water and air Cherenkov techniques in the LHAASO experiment.PHYSICAL REVIEW D,104(6).
MLA Aharonian, F.,et al."Calibration of the air shower energy scale of the water and air Cherenkov techniques in the LHAASO experiment".PHYSICAL REVIEW D 104.6(2021).
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