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光学相机FOC对黑洞双星高时间分辨测光性能研究
Alternative TitleHigh Speed Photometric Performance of Fast Optical Camera During the 2018 Campaign of a Black Hole Transient
毛东铭1,2; 余文飞1; 林杰1,2; 张居甲3; 闫震1; 张惠1; 张文达1
Source Publication天文学报/Acta Astronomica Sinica
2021-09
Volume62Issue:05Pages:83-98
DOI10.15940/j.cnki.0001-5245.2021.05.007
ClassificationP141
Contribution Rank第3完成单位
Indexed ByCSCD ; 核心
Keyword恒星:黑洞 恒星:变源 技术:测光
Abstract

黑洞暂现双星MAXI J1820+070于2018年3月的明亮爆发为研究光学快速测光能力提供了重要机遇.以快速光学相机(Fast Optical Camera,FOC)为终端设备分别在2018年4月22日、5月26日和8月31日(UTC)使用云南天文台丽江观测站2.4 m望远镜对爆发中的黑洞双星MAXI J1820+070进行了亚秒时标的测光观测.通过观测数据分析,研究了相机的快速测光性能.对全帧和1/4帧两种观测模式的帧间间隔(frame time),测得平均帧间间隔为(22.866±0.679) ms和(5.868±0.169) ms.通过视场中多颗明亮参考源校准,提取了观测对象和参考源的光变曲线,获得了光变曲线的傅里叶功率谱,区分了观测对象本征光变和仪器或望远镜等观测因素带来的非本征光变,成功探测到目标黑洞双星MAXI J1820+070中的光学波段低频准周期振荡信号,并判别了观测中来自仪器设备或与观测条件相关的时变信号.这成功验证了相机高速稳定的测光性能和对短至5 ms时标光变信号的探测能力.

Other Abstract

We performed the high-speed photometric observation of the black hole transient MAXI J1820+070 on April 22, May 26, and August 31, 2018 (UTC) with our Fast Optical Camera (FOC) installed on the Lijiang 2. 4 m telescope at Lijiang Station of Yunnan Observatories. We analyzed the frame time of the FOC, obtained the light curves and power spectra of the target and several comparison stars in the same field of view to investigate the photometric performance of FOC. The frame time corresponding to the full-frame and 1/4-frame CCD (Charge Coupled Device) modes reached (22. 866 ± 0. 679) milliseconds and (5. 868 ± 0. 169) milliseconds, respectively. We use the average light curve of several comparison stars to calibrate the raw light curves of the black hole transient MAXI J1820+070 to obtain the calibrated light curves of the target in which the influence of variable weather conditions and instrumental effects have been mostly eliminated. By comparing and analyzing the original and calibrated power spectra of MAXI J1820+070 and those of the comparison stars, we detected an optical quasi-periodic oscillation (QPO) at 0. 16 Hz in the black hole transient MAXI J1820+070 in April 2018 and identified a few instrumental or atmospheric timing signals in the observations. This demonstrates the capability of our FOC in associating with the Lijiang 2. 4 m telescope for high-speed photometry.

Funding Project国家自然科学基金项目[11333005] ; 国家自然科学基金项目[U1838203] ; 国家重点研发计划[2016YFA0400804]
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目[11333005, U1838203] ; 国家重点研发计划[2016YFA0400804]
Language中文
Subject Area天文学 ; 天体物理学 ; 实测天体物理学 ; 天文学其他学科
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
ISSN0001-5245
CSCD IDCSCD:7060784
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Version作者接受稿
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/24569
Collection南方基地
Corresponding Author余文飞
Affiliation1.中国科学院上海天文台;
2.中国科学院大学;
3.中国科学院云南天文台
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
毛东铭,余文飞,林杰,等. 光学相机FOC对黑洞双星高时间分辨测光性能研究[J]. 天文学报/Acta Astronomica Sinica,2021,62(05):83-98.
APA 毛东铭.,余文飞.,林杰.,张居甲.,闫震.,...&张文达.(2021).光学相机FOC对黑洞双星高时间分辨测光性能研究.天文学报/Acta Astronomica Sinica,62(05),83-98.
MLA 毛东铭,et al."光学相机FOC对黑洞双星高时间分辨测光性能研究".天文学报/Acta Astronomica Sinica 62.05(2021):83-98.
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