YNAO OpenIR  > 高能天体物理研究组
Construction and on-site performance of the LHAASO WFCTA camera
Aharonian, F.26,27; An, Q.4,5; Axikegu20; Bai, L. X.21; Bai, Y. X.1,3; Bao, Y. W.15; Bastieri, D.10; Bi, X. J.1,2,3; Bi, Y. J.1,3; Cai, H.23; Cai, J. T.10; Cao, Z.1,2,3; Cao, Z.4,5; Chang, J.16; Chang, J. F.1,3,4; Chang, X. C.1,3; Chen, B. M.13; Chen, J.21; Chen, L.1,2,3; Chen, L.18; Chen, L.20; Chen, M. J.1,3; Chen, M. L.1,3,4; Chen, Q. H.20; Chen, S. H.1,2,3; Chen, S. Z.1,3; Chen, T. L.22; Chen, X. L.1,2,3; Chen, Y.15; Cheng, N.1,3; Cheng, Y. D.1,3; Cui, S. W.13; Cui, X. H.7; Cui, Y. D.11; Dai, B. Z.24; Dai, H. L.1,3,4; Dai, Z. G.15; Danzengluobu22; Volpe, D. della31; Piazzoli, B. D’Ettorre28; Dong, X. J.1,3; Fan, J. H.10; Fan, Y. Z.16; Fan, Z. X.1,3; Fang, J.24; Fang, K.1,3; Feng, C. F.17; Feng, L.16; Feng, S. H.1,3; Feng, Y. L.16; Gao, B.1,3; Gao, C. D.17; Gao, Q.22; Gao, W.17; Ge, M. M.24; Geng, L. S.1,3; Gong, G. H.6; Gou, Q. B.1,3; Gu, M. H.1,3,4; Guo, J. G.1,2,3; Guo, X. L.20; Guo, Y. Q.1,3; Guo, Y. Y.1,2,3,16; Han, Y. A.14; He, H. H.1,2,3; He, H. N.16; He, J. C.1,2,3; He, S. L.10; He, X. B.11; He, Y.20; Heller, M.31; Hor, Y. K.11; Hou, C.1,3; Hou X(侯贤)25; Hu, H. B.1,2,3; Hu, S.21; Hu, S. C.1,2,3; Hu, X. J.6; Huang, D. H.20; Huang, Q. L.1,3; Huang, W. H.17; Huang, X. T.17; Huang, Z. C.20; Ji, F.1,3; Ji, X. L.1,3,4; Jia, H. Y.20; Jiang, K.4,5; Jiang, Z. J.24; Jin, C.1,2,3; Kuleshov, D.29; Levochkin, K.29; Li, B. B.13; Li, C.1,3; Li, C.4,5; Li, F.1,3,4; Li, H. B.1,3; Li, H. C.1,3; Li, H. Y.5,16; Li, J.1,3,4; Li, K.1,3; Li, W. L.17; Li, X.4,5; Li, X.20; Li, X. R.1,3; Li, Y.21; Li, Y. Z.1,2,3; Li, Z.1,3; Li, Z.9; Liang, E. W.12; Liang, Y. F.12; Lin, S. J.11; Liu, B.5; Liu, C.1,3; Liu, D.17; Liu, H.20; Liu, H. D.14; Liu, J.1,3; Liu, J. L.19; Liu, J. S.11; Liu, J. Y.1,3; Liu, M. Y.22; Liu, R. Y.15; Liu, S. M.16; Liu, W.1,3; Liu, Y. N.6; Liu, Z. X.21; Long, W. J.20; Lu, R.24; Lv, H. K.1,3; Ma, B. Q.9; Ma, L. L.1,3; Ma, X. H.1,3; Mao JR(毛基荣)25; Masood, A.20; Mitthumsiri, W.32; Montaruli, T.31; Nan, Y. C.17; Pang, B. Y.20; Pattarakijwanich, P.32; Pei, Z. Y.10; Qi, M. Y.1,3; Ruffolo, D.32; Rulev, V.29; Sáiz, A.32; Shao, L.13; Shchegolev, O.29,30; Sheng, X. D.1,3; Shi, J. R.1,3; Song, H. C.9; Stenkin, Yu. V.29,30; Stepanov, V.29; Sun, Q. N.20; Sun, X. N.12; Sun, Z. B.8; Tam, P. H. T.11; Tang, Z. B.4,5; Tian, W. W.2,7; Wang, B. D.1,3; Wang, C.8; Wang, H.20; Wang, H. G.10; Wang JC(王建成)25; Wang, J. S.19; Wang, L. P.17; Wang, L. Y.1,3; Wang, R. N.20; Wang, W.11; Wang, W.23; Wang, X. G.12; Wang, X. J.1,3; Wang, X. Y.15; Wang, Y. D.1,3; Wang, Y. J.1,3; Wang, Y. P.1,2,3; Wang, Z.1,3,4; Wang, Z.19; Wang, Z. H.21; Wang, Z. X.24; Wei, D. M.16; Wei, J. J.16; Wei, Y. J.1,2,3; Wen, T.24; Wu, C. Y.1,3; Wu, H. R.1,3; Wu, S.1,3; Wu, W. X.20; Wu, X. F.16; Xi, S. Q.20; Xia, J.5,16; Xia, J. J.20; Xiang, G. M.2,18; Xiao, G.1,3; Xiao, H. B.10; Xin, G. G.23; Xin, Y. L.20; Xing, Y.18; Xu, D. L.19; Xu, R. X.9; Xue, L.17; Yan DH(闫大海)25; Yang, C. W.21; Yang, F. F.1,3,4; Yang, J. Y.11; Yang, L. L.11; Yang, M. J.1,3; Yang, R. Z.5; Yang, S. B.24; Yao, Y. H.21; Yao, Z. G.1,3; Ye, Y. M.6; Yin, L. Q.1,3; Yin, N.17; You, X. H.1,3; You, Z. Y.1,2,3; Yu, Y. H.17; Yuan, Q.16; Zeng, H. D.16; Zeng, T. X.1,3,4; Zeng, W.24; Zeng, Z. K.1,2,3; Zha, M.1,3; Zhai, X. X.1,3; Zhang, B. B.15; Zhang, H. M.15; Zhang, H. Y.17; Zhang, J. L.7; Zhang, J. W.21; Zhang, L.13; Zhang, L.24; Zhang, L. X.10; Zhang, P. F.24; Zhang, P. P.13; Zhang, R.5,16; Zhang, S. R.13; Zhang, S S.1,3; Zhang, X.15; Zhang, X. P.1,3; Zhang, Y.1,3; Zhang, Y.1,16; Zhang, Y. F.20; Zhang, Y. L.1,3; Zhao, B.20; Zhao, J.1,3; Zhao, L.4,5; Zhao, L. Z.13; Zhao, S. P.16,17; Zheng, F.8; Zheng, Y.20; Zhou, B.1,3; Zhou, H.19; Zhou, J. N.18; Zhou, P.15; Zhou, R.21; Zhou, X. X.20; Zhu, C. G.17; Zhu, F. R.20; Zhu, H.7; Zhu, K. J.1,2,3,4; Zuo, X.1,3
Contribution Rank第25完成单位
Indexed BySCI

The focal plane camera is the core component of the Wide Field-of-view Cherenkov/fluorescence Telescope Array (WFCTA) of the Large High-Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO). Because of the capability of working under moonlight without aging, silicon photomultipliers (SiPM) have been proven to be not only an alternative but also an improvement to conventional photomultiplier tubes (PMT) in this application. Eighteen SiPM-based cameras with square light funnels have been built for WFCTA. The telescopes have collected more than 100 million cosmic ray events and preliminary results indicate that these cameras are capable of working under moonlight. The characteristics of the light funnels and SiPMs pose challenges (e.g. dynamic range, dark count rate, assembly techniques). In this paper, we present the design features, manufacturing techniques and performances of these cameras. Finally, the test facilities, the test methods and results of SiPMs in the cameras are reported here.

Funding ProjectNational Key R&D Program of China[2018YFA0404200] ; National Key R&D Program of China[2018YFA0404204] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, CASChinese Academy of Sciences ; Yunnan Applied Basic Research Projects[2018FB008] ; Yunnan Applied Basic Research Projects[2018FA004] ; Yunnan Applied Basic Research Projects[2018IC059] ; Yunnan Applied Basic Research Projects[2018FY001-003] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[U1738211] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11675204] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11905240] ; Yunnan University ; Thailand Science Research and Innovation[RTA 6280002]
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D Program of China[2018YFA0404200, 2018YFA0404204] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, CASChinese Academy of Sciences ; Yunnan Applied Basic Research Projects[2018FB008, 2018FA004, 2018IC059, 2018FY001-003] ; National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[U1738211, 11675204, 11905240] ; Yunnan University ; Thailand Science Research and Innovation[RTA 6280002]
Subject Area天文学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
WOS IDWOS:000691565500002
WOS Research AreaPhysics
WOS SubjectPhysics, Particles & Fields
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorGe, M. M.; Zhang, S S.
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophyics and Experimental Physics Division and Computing Center, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China;
3.TIANFU Cosmic Ray Research Center, Chengdu, Sichuan, China;
4.State Key Laboratory of Particle Detection and Electronics, Beijing, China;
5.University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, Anhui, China;
6.Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China;
7.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China;
8.National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, China;
9.School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China;
10.Center for Astrophysics, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, 510006, Guangdong, China;
11.School of Physics and Astronomy and School of Physics (Guangzhou), Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, 519082, Guangdong, China;
12.School of Physical Science and Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004, Guangxi, China;
13.Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, 050024, Hebei, China;
14.School of Physics and Microelectronics, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, Henan, China;
15.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210023, Jiangsu, China;
16.Key Laboratory of Dark Matter and Space Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210023, Jiangsu, China;
17.Institute of Frontier and Interdisciplinary Science, Shandong University, Qingdao, 266237, Shandong, China;
18.Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200030, China;
19.Tsung-Dao Lee Institute and School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China;
20.School of Physical Science and Technology and School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, 610031, Sichuan, China;
21.College of Physics, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065, Sichuan, China;
22.Key Laboratory of Cosmic Rays (Tibet University), Ministry of Education, Lhasa, 850000, Tibet, China;
23.School of Physics and Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, Hubei, China;
24.School of Physics and Astronomy, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, Yunnan, China;
25.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650216, Yunnan, China;
26.Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, 2 Dublin, Ireland;
27.Max-Planck-Institut for Nuclear Physics, P.O. Box 103980, 69029, Heidelberg, Germany;
28.Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università di Napoli “Federico II”, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant’Angelo, via Cinthia, 80126, Naples, Italy;
29.Institute for Nuclear Research of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 117312, Russia;
30.Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow, 141700, Russia;
31.Département de Physique Nucléaire et Corpusculaire, Faculté de Sciences, Université de Genève, 24 Quai Ernest Ansermet, 1211, Geneva, Switzerland;
32.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Aharonian, F.,An, Q.,Axikegu,et al. Construction and on-site performance of the LHAASO WFCTA camera[J]. EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C,2021,81(7).
APA Aharonian, F..,An, Q..,Axikegu.,Bai, L. X..,Bai, Y. X..,...&Zuo, X..(2021).Construction and on-site performance of the LHAASO WFCTA camera.EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C,81(7).
MLA Aharonian, F.,et al."Construction and on-site performance of the LHAASO WFCTA camera".EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C 81.7(2021).
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