YNAO OpenIR  > 南方基地
The Polarized Image of a Synchrotron-emitting Ring of Gas Orbiting a Black Hole
Narayan, Ramesh1,2; Palumbo, Daniel C. M.1,2; Johnson, Michael D.1,2; Gelles, Zachary1,2; Himwich, Elizabeth2,3; Chang, Dominic O.1,2; Ricarte, Angelo1,2; Dexter, Jason4; Gammie, Charles F.5,6; Chael, Andrew A.7; Akiyama, Kazunori2,8,9; Alberdi, Antxon10; Alef, Walter11; Algaba, Juan Carlos12; Anantua, Richard1,2; Asada, Keiichi13; Azulay, Rebecca11,14,15; Baczko, Anne-Kathrin11; Ball, David16; Barrett, John8; Benson, Bradford A.17,18; Bintley, Dan19; Blackburn, Lindy1,2; Blundell, Raymond1; Boland, Wilfred20; Bouman, Katherine L.1,2,21; Bower, Geoffrey C.22; Boyce, Hope23,24; Bremer, Michael25; Brinkerink, Christiaan D.26; Brissenden, Roger1,2; Britzen, Silke11; Broderick, Avery E.27,28,29; Broguiere, Dominique25; Bronzwaer, Thomas26; Byun, Do-Young30,31; Carlstrom, John E.18,32,33,34; Chan, Chi-kwan16,35; Chatterjee, Shami36; Chatterjee, Koushik37; Chen, Ming-Tang22; Chen, Yongjun38,39; Chesler, Paul M.2; Cho, Ilje30,31; Christian, Pierre40; Conway, John E.41; Cordes, James M.36; Crawford, Thomas M.18,32; Crew, Geoffrey B.8; Cruz-Osorio, Alejandro42; Cui, Yuzhu43,44; Davelaar, Jordy26,45,46; De Laurentis, Mariafelicia42,47,48; Deane, Roger49,50,51; Dempsey, Jessica19; Desvignes, Gregory52; Doeleman, Sheperd S.1,2; Eatough, Ralph P.11,53; Falcke, Heino26; Farah, Joseph1,2,54; Fish, Vincent L.8; Fomalont, Ed16,55; Ford, H. Alyson56; Fraga-Encinas, Raquel26; Friberg, Per19; Fromm, Christian M.1,2,42; Fuentes, Antonio10; Galison, Peter2,57; Garcia, Roberto25; Gentaz, Olivier25; Georgiev, Boris28,29; Goddi, Ciriaco26,58; Gold, Roman27,59; Gomez, Jose L.60; Gomez-Ruiz, Arturo, I61,62; Gu, Minfeng38,63; Gurwell, Mark1; Hada, Kazuhiro43,44; Haggard, Daryl23,24; Hecht, Michael H.8; Hesper, Ronald64; Ho, Luis C.65,66; Ho, Paul13; Honma, Mareki43,44,67; Huang, Chih-Wei L.13; Huang, Lei38,63; Hughes, David H.61; Ikeda, Shiro9,68,69,70; Inoue, Makoto13; Issaoun, Sara26; James, David J.1,2; Jannuzi, Buell T.16; Janssen, Michael11; Jeter, Britton28,29; Jiang, Wu38; Jimenez-Rosales, Alejandra26; Jorstad, Svetlana71,72; Jung, Taehyun30,31; Karami, Mansour27,28; Karuppusamy, Ramesh11; Kawashima, Tomohisa73; Keating, Garrett K.1; Kettenis, Mark74; Kim, Dong-Jin11; Kim, Jae-Young11,30; Kim, Jongsoo30; Kim, Junhan16,21; Kino, Motoki9,75; Koay, Jun Yi13; Kofuji, Yutaro43,67; Koch, Patrick M.13; Koyama, Shoko13; Kramer, Michael11; Kramer, Carsten25; Krichbaum, Thomas P.11; Kuo, Cheng-Yu13,76; Lauer, Tod R.77; Lee, Sang-Sung30; Levis, Aviad21; Li, Yan-Rong78; Li, Zhiyuan79,80; Lindqvist, Michael41; Lico, Rocco10,11; Lindahl, Greg1; Liu, Jun11; Liu, Kuo11; Liuzzo, Elisabetta81; Lo, Wen-Ping13,82; Lobanov, Andrei P.11; Loinard, Laurent83,84; Lonsdale, Colin8; Ru-Sen Lu11,38,39; MacDonald, Nicholas R.11; Mao JR(毛基荣)85,86,87; Marchili, Nicola11,81; Markoff, Sera37,88; Marrone, Daniel P.16; Marscher, Alan P.71; Marti-Vidal, Ivan14,15; Matsushita, Satoki13; Matthews, Lynn D.8; Medeiros, Lia16,89; Menten, Karl M.11; Mizuno, Izumi19; Mizuno, Yosuke42,90; Moran, James M.1,2; Moriyama, Kotaro8,43; Moscibrodzka, Monika26; Muller, Cornelia11,26; Musoke, Gibwa26,37; Mejias, Alejandro Mus14,15; Nagai, Hiroshi9,44; Nagar, Neil M.91; Nakamura, Masanori13,92; Narayanan, Gopal93; Natarajan, Iniyan49,51,94; Nathanail, Antonios42; Neilsen, Joey95; Neri, Roberto25; Ni, Chunchong28,29; Noutsos, Aristeidis11; Nowak, Michael A.96; Okino, Hiroki43,67; Olivares, Hector26; Ortiz-Leon, Gisela N.11; Oyama, Tomoaki43; Ozel, Feryal16; Park, Jongho13; Patel, Nimesh1; Ue-Li Pen27,97,98,99; Pesce, Dominic W.1,2; Pietu, Vincent25; Plambeck, Richard100; PopStefanija, Aleksandar93; Porth, Oliver37,42; Potzl, Felix M.11; Ben Prather96; Preciado-Lopez, Jorge A.27; Psaltis, Dimitrios16; Pu, Hung-Yi13,27,101; Ramakrishnan, Venkatessh91; Rao, Ramprasad22; Rawlings, Mark G.19; Raymond, Alexander W.1,2; Rezzolla, Luciano5,42,102,103; Ripperda, Bart45,104; Roelofs, Freek26; Rogers, Alan8; Ros, Eduardo11; Rose, Mel16; Roshanineshat, Arash16; Rottmann, Helge11; Roy, Alan L.11; Ruszczyk, Chet8; Rygl, Kazi L. J.81; Sanchez, Salvador105; Sanchez-Arguelles, David61,62; Sasada, Mahito43,106; Savolainen, Tuomas11,107,108; Schloerb, F. Peter93; Schuster, Karl-Friedrich25; Shao, Lijing11,66; Shen, Zhiqiang38,39; Des Small74; Sohn, Bong Won30,31,109; SooHoo, Jason8; Sun, He21; Tazaki, Fumie43; Tetarenko, Alexandra J.19; Tiede, Paul28,29; Tilanus, Remo P. J.16,26,58,110; Titus, Michael8; Toma, Kenji111,112; Torne, Pablo11,105; Trent, Tyler16; Traianou, Efthalia11; Trippe, Sascha113; van Bemmel, Ilse74; van Langevelde, Huib Jan74,114; van Rossum, Daniel R.26; Wagner, Jan11; Ward-Thompson, Derek115; Wardle, John116; Weintroub, Jonathan1,2; Wex, Norbert11; Wharton, Robert11; Wielgus, Maciek1,2; Wong, George N.96; Wu, Qingwen117; Yoon, Doosoo37; Young, Andre26; Young, Ken1; Younsi, Ziri42,118; Yuan, Feng38,63,119; Yuan, Ye-Fei120; Zensus, J. Anton11; Zhao, Guang-Yao10; Zhao, Shan-Shan38
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
2021-05-01
Volume912Issue:1Pages:26
DOI10.3847/1538-4357/abf117
Contribution Rank第85完成单位
Indexed BySCI
KeywordAccretion Black holes Polarimetry Magnetic fields
Abstract

Synchrotron radiation from hot gas near a black hole results in a polarized image. The image polarization is determined by effects including the orientation of the magnetic field in the emitting region, relativistic motion of the gas, strong gravitational lensing by the black hole, and parallel transport in the curved spacetime. We explore these effects using a simple model of an axisymmetric, equatorial accretion disk around a Schwarzschild black hole. By using an approximate expression for the null geodesics derived by Beloborodov and conservation of the Walker-Penrose constant, we provide analytic estimates for the image polarization. We test this model using currently favored general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations of M87*, using ring parameters given by the simulations. For a subset of these with modest Faraday effects, we show that the ring model broadly reproduces the polarimetric image morphology. Our model also predicts the polarization evolution for compact flaring regions, such as those observed from Sgr A* with GRAVITY. With suitably chosen parameters, our simple model can reproduce the EVPA pattern and relative polarized intensity in Event Horizon Telescope images of M87*. Under the physically motivated assumption that the magnetic field trails the fluid velocity, this comparison is consistent with the clockwise rotation inferred from total intensity images.

Funding ProjectNational Science Foundation[OISE1743747] ; National Science Foundation[AST-1816420] ; National Science Foundation[AST-1716536] ; National Science Foundation[AST-1440254] ; National Science Foundation[AST-1935980] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-5278] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-3561] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF 947] ; black hole Initiative - John Templeton Foundation[60477] ; NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF2-51431.001-A] ; NASA[NAS5-26555] ; Academy of Finland[274477] ; Academy of Finland[284495] ; Academy of Finland[312496] ; Academy of Finland[315721] ; Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID), Chile[NCN19_058] ; Fondecyt[3190878] ; Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-246083] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-259839] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[F0003-272050] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[M0037279006] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[F0003-281692] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[104497] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[275201] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[263356] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112820] ; European Research Council Synergy Grant BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana postdoctoral grant[APOSTD/2018/177] ; Generalitat Valenciana postdoctoral grant[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; MICINN Research Project[PID2019-108995GB-C22] ; Joint Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Fellowship ; Joint Columbia/Flatiron Postdoctoral Fellowship ; Simons Foundation ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP19H01943] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJSSW-SYS008] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[ZDBS-LYSLH011] ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K13594] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K03656] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18H03721] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18K03709] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18H01245] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[25120007] ; Malaysian Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)[FRGS/1/2019/STG02/UM/02/6] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2112-M-001-025-MY3] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2112-M-001-011] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2119-M-001-027] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001017] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-020] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-110-005] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[108-2112-M001-048] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[109-2124-M-001-005] ; National Aeronautics and SpaceAdministration (NASA)[NNX17AL82G] ; National Aeronautics and SpaceAdministration (NASA)[80NSSC20K1567] ; National Aeronautics and SpaceAdministration (NASA)[80NSSC20K0527] ; National Aeronautics and SpaceAdministration (NASA)[80NSSC20K0645] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400702] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0352953] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0521233] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0705062] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0905844] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0922984] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1126433] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1140030] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[DGE-1144085] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207704] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207730] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207752] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[MRI-1228509] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[OPP-1248097] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1310896] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1555365] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1615796] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1715061] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1716327] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1903847] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-2034306] ; the Natural Science Foundation of China[11573051] ; the Natural Science Foundation of China[11633006] ; the Natural Science Foundation of China[11650110427] ; the Natural Science Foundation of China[10625314] ; the Natural Science Foundation of China[11721303] ; the Natural Science Foundation of China[11725312] ; the Natural Science Foundation of China[11933007] ; the Natural Science Foundation of China[11991052] ; the Natural Science Foundation of China[11991053] ; fellowship of China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2020M671266] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC, Discovery Grant) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship Grant)[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship Grant)[2015R1D1A1A01056807] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Korea Research Fellowship Program)[NRF-2015H1D3A1066561] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Basic Research Support Grant)[2019R1F1A1059721] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award[639.043.513] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council[201700648] ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[PGC2018-098915-B-C21] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[AYA2016-80889-P] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[PID2019-108995GB-C21] ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa award[SEV-2017-0709] ; Consejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad of the Junta de Andalucia[P18-FR-1769] ; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas[2019AEP112] ; US Department of Energy (USDOE) through the Los Alamos National Laboratory[89233218CNA000001] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program[730562] ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) Project[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; NSF[ACI-1548562] ; NSF[DBI-0735191] ; NSF[DBI-1265383] ; NSF[DBI-1743442] ; NSF[PLR-1248097] ; Compute Ontario ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (MaxPlanck-Gesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; NSF Physics Frontier Center grant[PHY-1125897] ; Kavli Foundation ; Chandra[DD7-18089X] ; Chandra[TM6-17006X]
Funding OrganizationNational Science Foundation[OISE1743747, AST-1816420, AST-1716536, AST-1440254, AST-1935980] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-5278, GBMF-3561, GBMF 947] ; black hole Initiative - John Templeton Foundation[60477] ; NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF2-51431.001-A] ; NASA[NAS5-26555] ; Academy of Finland[274477, 284495, 312496, 315721] ; Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID), Chile[NCN19_058] ; Fondecyt[3190878] ; Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-246083, U0004-259839, F0003-272050, M0037279006, F0003-281692, 104497, 275201, 263356] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417, IN112820] ; European Research Council Synergy Grant BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana postdoctoral grant[APOSTD/2018/177, CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; MICINN Research Project[PID2019-108995GB-C22] ; Joint Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Fellowship ; Joint Columbia/Flatiron Postdoctoral Fellowship ; Simons Foundation ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829, JP19H01943] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057, QYZDJSSW-SYS008, ZDBS-LYSLH011] ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090, JP18K13594, JP18K03656, JP18H03721, 18K03709, 18H01245, 25120007] ; Malaysian Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)[FRGS/1/2019/STG02/UM/02/6] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2112-M-001-025-MY3, 106-2112-M-001-011, 106-2119-M-001-027, 107-2119-M-001017, 107-2119-M-001-020, 107-2119-M-110-005, 108-2112-M001-048, 109-2124-M-001-005] ; National Aeronautics and SpaceAdministration (NASA)[NNX17AL82G, 80NSSC20K1567, 80NSSC20K0527, 80NSSC20K0645] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704, 2016YFA0400702] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454, AST-0352953, AST-0521233, AST-0705062, AST-0905844, AST-0922984, AST-1126433, AST-1140030, DGE-1144085, AST-1207704, AST-1207730, AST-1207752, MRI-1228509, OPP-1248097, AST-1310896, AST-1555365, AST-1615796, AST-1715061, AST-1716327, AST-1903847, AST-2034306] ; the Natural Science Foundation of China[11573051, 11633006, 11650110427, 10625314, 11721303, 11725312, 11933007, 11991052, 11991053] ; fellowship of China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2020M671266] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC, Discovery Grant) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship Grant)[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752, 2015R1D1A1A01056807] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Korea Research Fellowship Program)[NRF-2015H1D3A1066561] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Basic Research Support Grant)[2019R1F1A1059721] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award[639.043.513] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council[201700648] ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[PGC2018-098915-B-C21, AYA2016-80889-P, PID2019-108995GB-C21] ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa award[SEV-2017-0709] ; Consejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad of the Junta de Andalucia[P18-FR-1769] ; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas[2019AEP112] ; US Department of Energy (USDOE) through the Los Alamos National Laboratory[89233218CNA000001] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program[730562] ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) Project[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; NSF[ACI-1548562, DBI-0735191, DBI-1265383, DBI-1743442, PLR-1248097] ; Compute Ontario ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (MaxPlanck-Gesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; NSF Physics Frontier Center grant[PHY-1125897] ; Kavli Foundation ; Chandra[DD7-18089X, TM6-17006X]
Language英语
Subject Area天文学 ; 天体物理学 ; 高能天体物理学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Publication PlaceTEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
ISSN0004-637X
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000647150400001
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/24308
Collection南方基地
中国科学院天体结构与演化重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorNarayan, Ramesh
Affiliation1.Harvard & Smithsonian, Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
2.Harvard Univ, Black Hole Initiat, 20 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
3.Harvard Univ, Ctr Fundamental Laws Nat, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
4.Univ Colorado, JILA & Dept Astrophys & Planetary Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
5.Univ Illinois, Dept Phys, 1110 West Green St, Urbana, IL 61801 USA
6.Univ Illinois, Dept Astron, 1002 West Green St, Urbana, IL 61801 USA
7.Princeton Univ, Princeton Ctr Theoret Sci, Jadwin Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA
8.MIT, Haystack Observ, 99 Millstone Rd, Westford, MA 01886 USA
9.Natl Astron Observ Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 2211, Japan
10.CSIC, Inst Astrofis Andaluc, Glorieta De La Astronom S-N, E-18008 Granada, Spain
11.Max Planck Inst Radioastron, Auf Dem Hugel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
12.Univ Malaya, Fac Sci, Dept Phys, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
13.Acad Sinica, Inst Astron & Astrophys, 11F Astron Math Bldg,AS-NTU 1,Sec 4,Roosevelt Rd, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
14.Univ Valencia, Dept Astron & Astrofis, C Dr Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, Spain
15.Univ Valencia, Observ Astron, E-46980 Valencia, Spain
16.Univ Arizona, Steward Observ & Dept Astron, 933 N Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA
17.Fermilab Natl Accelerator Lab, MS209,POB 500, Batavia, MS 60510 USA
18.Univ Chicago, Dept Astron & Astrophys, 5640 South Ellis Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 USA
19.East Asian Observ, 660 N Ohoku Pl, Hilo, HI 96720 USA
20.Nederlandse Onderzoeksch Astron NOVA, Pob 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
21.CALTECH, 1200 East Calif Blvd, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA
22.Acad Sinica, Inst Astron & Astrophys, 645 N Ohoku Pl, Hilo, HI 96720 USA
23.McGill Univ, Dept Phys, 3600 Rue Univ, Montreal, PQ H3A 2T8, Canada
24.McGill Univ, McGill Space Inst, 3550 Rue Univ, Montreal, PQ H3A 2A7, Canada
25.Inst Radioastron Millim Etr, 300 Rue Piscine, F-38406 Saint Martin Dheres, France
26.Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Inst Math, Dept Astrophys Astrophys & Particle Phys IMAPP, POB 9010, NL-6500 GL Nijmegen, Netherlands
27.Perimeter Inst Theoret Phys, 31 Caroline St North, Waterloo, ON N2L 2Y5, Canada
28.Univ Waterloo, Dept Phys & Astron, 200 Ave West, University, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
29.Univ Waterloo, Waterloo Ctr Astrophys, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
30.Korea Astron & Space Sci Inst, Daedeok Daero 776, Daejeon 34055, South Korea
31.Univ Sci & Technol, Gajeong Ro 217, Daejeon 34113, South Korea
32.Univ Chicago, Kavli Inst Cosmol Phys, 5640 South Ellis Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 USA
33.Univ Chicago, Dept Phys, 5720 South Ellis Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 USA
34.Univ Chicago, Enrico Fermi Inst, 5640 South Ellis Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 USA
35.Univ Arizona, Data Sci Inst, 1230 N Cherry Ave, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA
36.Cornell Univ, Cornell Ctr Astrophys & Planetary Sci, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA
37.Univ Amsterdam, Anton Pannekoek Inst Astron, Sci Pk 904, NL-1098 XH Amsterdam, Netherlands
38.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, 80 Nandan Rd, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
39.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Radio Astron, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
40.Fairfield Univ, Phys Dept, 1073 North Benson Rd, Fairfield, CT 06824 USA
41.Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Space Earth & Environm, Onsala Space Observ, SE-43992 Onsala, Sweden
42.Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Inst Theoret Phys, Max Laue Str 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
43.Natl Astron Observ Japan, Mizusawa VLBI Observ, 2-12 Hoshigaoka, Mizusawa, Iwate 0230861, Japan
44.Grad Univ Adv Studies SOKENDAI, Dept Astron Sci, Mitaka, Tokyo 2211, Japan
45.Flatiron Inst, Ctr Computat Astrophys, 162 Fifth Ave, New York, NY 10010 USA
46.Columbia Univ, Dept Astron & Columbia Astrophys Lab, 550 120th St, New York, NY 10027 USA
47.Univ Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento Fis & Pancini, Compl Univ Monte S Angelo, Via Cinthia, I-80126 Naples, Italy
48.Compl Univ Monte S Angelo, INFN Sez Napoli, Edificio G,Via Cinthia, I-80126 Naples, Italy
49.Univ Witwatersrand, Wits Ctr Astrophys, ZA-2050 Johannesburg, South Africa
50.Univ Pretoria, Dept Phys, ZA-0028 Pretoria, South Africa
51.Rhodes Univ, Ctr Radio Astron Tech & Technol, Dept Phys & Elect, ZA-6140 Makhanda, South Africa
52.Univ Paris, Observ Paris, Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon, France
53.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, 20A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
54.Univ Massachusetts, 100 William T Morrissey Blvd, Boston, MA 02125 USA
55.Natl Radio Astron Observ, 520 Edgemt Rd, Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA
56.Harvard Univ, Dept Hist Sci, 933 N Cherry Ave, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
57.Harvard Univ, Dept Phys, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
58.Leiden Univ, Leiden Observ Allegro, POB 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands
59.Univ Southern Denmark, CP3-Origins,Campusvej 55, DK-5230 M Odense, Denmark
60.CSIC, Inst Astrofis Andalucia, Glorieta De La Astronom S-N, E-18008 Granada, Spain
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Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Narayan, Ramesh,Palumbo, Daniel C. M.,Johnson, Michael D.,et al. The Polarized Image of a Synchrotron-emitting Ring of Gas Orbiting a Black Hole[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2021,912(1):26.
APA Narayan, Ramesh.,Palumbo, Daniel C. M..,Johnson, Michael D..,Gelles, Zachary.,Himwich, Elizabeth.,...&Zhao, Shan-Shan.(2021).The Polarized Image of a Synchrotron-emitting Ring of Gas Orbiting a Black Hole.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,912(1),26.
MLA Narayan, Ramesh,et al."The Polarized Image of a Synchrotron-emitting Ring of Gas Orbiting a Black Hole".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 912.1(2021):26.
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