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Broadband Multi-wavelength Properties of M87 during the 2017 Event Horizon Telescope Campaign
Algaba,J. C.1; Anczarski,J.2; Asada,K.3; Balokovi?,M.4,5; Chandra,S.6; Cui,Y.-Z.7,8; Falcone,A. D.9; Giroletti,M.10; Goddi,C.11,12; Hada,K.7,8; Haggard,D.13,14; Jorstad,S.15,16; Kaur,A.9; Kawashima,T.17; Keating,G.18; Kim,J.-Y.19,20; Kino,M.21,22; Komossa,S.20; Kravchenko,E. V.10,23,24; Krichbaum,T. P.20; Lee,S.-S.19; Lu,R.-S.20,25,26; Lucchini,M.27; Markoff,S.27,28; Neilsen,J.2; Nowak,M. A.29; Park,J.30,31; Principe,G.10,32,33; Ramakrishnan,V.34; Reynolds,M. T.35; Sasada,M.21,36; Savchenko,S. S.37,38; Williamson,K. 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Source PublicationThe Astrophysical Journal Letters
2021-04-01
Volume911Issue:1
DOI10.3847/2041-8213/abef71
Contribution Rank第104完成单位
Indexed BySCI
KeywordActive galactic nuclei Radio cores Low-luminosity active galactic nuclei High energy astrophysics Astrophysical black holes Accretion
Abstract

In 2017, the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration succeeded in capturing the first direct image of the center of the M87 galaxy. The asymmetric ring morphology and size are consistent with theoretical expectations for a weakly accreting supermassive black hole of mass ~6.5 × 109M⊙. The EHTC also partnered with several international facilities in space and on the ground, to arrange an extensive, quasi-simultaneous multi-wavelength campaign. This Letter presents the results and analysis of this campaign, as well as the multi-wavelength data as a legacy data repository. We captured M87 in a historically low state, and the core flux dominates over HST-1 at high energies, making it possible to combine core flux constraints with the more spatially precise very long baseline interferometry data. We present the most complete simultaneous multi-wavelength spectrum of the active nucleus to date, and discuss the complexity and caveats of combining data from different spatial scales into one broadband spectrum. We apply two heuristic, isotropic leptonic single-zone models to provide insight into the basic source properties, but conclude that a structured jet is necessary to explain M87’s spectrum. We can exclude that the simultaneous γ-ray emission is produced via inverse Compton emission in the same region producing the EHT mm-band emission, and further conclude that the γ-rays can only be produced in the inner jets (inward of HST-1) if there are strongly particle-dominated regions. Direct synchrotron emission from accelerated protons and secondaries cannot yet be excluded.

Language英语
Subject Area天文学 ; 天体物理学 ; 高能天体物理学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Publication PlaceTEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
ISSN2041-8205
URL查看原文
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/24294
Collection南方基地
中国科学院天体结构与演化重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorMarkoff,S.
Affiliation1.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2.Department of Physics, Villanova University, 800 E. Lancaster Avenue, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
3.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 11F of Astronomy-Mathematics Building, AS/NTU No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C.
4.Yale Center for Astronomy & Astrophysics, 52 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
5.Department of Physics, Yale University, P.O. Box 2018120, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
6.Centre for Space Research, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
7.Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
8.Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, 2-12 Hoshigaoka, Mizusawa, Oshu, Iwate 023-0861, Japan
9.525 Davey Laboratory, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
10.INAF Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti, 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy
11.Department of Astrophysics, Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), Radboud University, P.O. Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
12.Leiden Observatory—Allegro, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
13.Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montréal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada
14.McGill Space Institute, McGill University, 3550 University Street, Montréal, QC H3A 2A7, Canada
15.Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
16.Astronomical Institute, St. Petersburg University, Universitetskij Pr. 28, Petrodvorets, 198504 St. Petersburg, Russia
17.Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582, Japan
18.Center for Astrophysics, Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
19.Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daedeok-daero 776, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34055, Republic of Korea
20.Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
21.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
22.Kogakuin University of Technology & Engineering, Academic Support Center, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan
23.Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutsky per. 9, Moscow region, Dolgoprudny, 141700, Russia
24.Astro Space Center, Lebedev Physical Institute, Profsouznaya 84/32, Moscow 117997, Russia
25.Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, People’s Republic of China
26.Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, People’s Republic of China
27.API—Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
28.GRAPPA—Gravitation and AstroParticle Physics Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
29.Physics Department, Washington University CB 1105, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
30.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
31.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
32.Dipartimento di Fisica, Universitá di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy
33.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste, Italy
34.Astronomy Department, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
35.University of Michigan, 1085 S. University Ave., Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
36.Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan
37.Saint Petersburg State University, 7/9, Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia
38.Special Astrophysical Observatory, Russian Academy of Science, Nizhnii Arkhyz 369167, Russia
39.Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory, 99 Millstone Road, Westford, MA 01886, USA
40.Black Hole Initiative at Harvard University, 20 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
41.Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada, Spain
42.Center for Computational Astrophysics, Flatiron Institute, 162 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010, USA
43.Departament d’Astronomia i Astrofísica, Universitat de València, C. Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, València, Spain
44.Observatori Astronòmic, Universitat de València, C. Catedrático José Beltrán 2, E-46980 Paterna, València, Spain
45.Steward Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
46.East Asian Observatory, 660 N. A’ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
47.Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, MS209, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
48.Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
49.Nederlandse Onderzoekschool voor Astronomie (NOVA), P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
50.California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
51.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 645 N. A’ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
52.Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique, 300 rue de la Piscine, F-38406 Saint Martin d’Hères, France
53.Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, ON, N2L 2Y5, Canada
54.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada
55.Waterloo Centre for Astrophysics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1 Canada
56.University of Science and Technology, Gajeong-ro 217, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34113, Republic of Korea
57.Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
58.Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5720 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
59.Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
60.Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
61.Data Science Institute, University of Arizona, 1230 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
62.Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
63.Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
64.Physics Department, Fairfield University, 1073 North Benson Road, Fairfield, CT 06824, USA
65.Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, SE-43992 Onsala, Sweden
66.Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universit?t Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Stra?e 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
67.Department of Astronomy and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 550 W 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
68.Dipartimento di Fisica “E. Pancini”, Universitá di Napoli “Federico II,” Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126, Napoli, Italy
69.INFN Sez. di Napoli, Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126, Napoli, Italy
70.Wits Centre for Astrophysics, University of the Witwatersrand, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Braamfontein, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa
71.Department of Physics, University of Pretoria, Hatfield, Pretoria 0028, South Africa
72.Centre for Radio Astronomy Techniques and Technologies, Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, Makhanda 6140, South Africa
73.LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon, France
74.JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
75.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, People’s Republic of China
76.University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 William T. Morrissey Boulevard, Boston, MA 02125, USA
77.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Rd, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
78.Steward Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
79.Department of History of Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
80.Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
81.Department of Physics, University of Illinois, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
82.Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
83.CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark
84.Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, óptica y Electrónica. Apartado Postal 51 y 216, 72000. Puebla Pue., México
85.Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Av. Insurgentes Sur 1582, 03940, Ciudad de México, México
86.Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, People’s Republic of China
87.NOVA Sub-mm Instrumentation Group, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
88.Department of Astronomy, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People’s Republic of China
89.Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People’s Republic of China
90.Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
91.The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo, 190-8562, Japan
92.Department of Statistical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8562, Japan
93.Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, 277-8583, Japan
94.Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE), Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
95.Physics Department, National Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 70, Lien-Hai Rd, Kaosiung City 80424, Taiwan, R.O.C
96.National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
97.Key Laboratory for Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19B Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
98.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People’s Republic of China
99.Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People’s Republic of China
100.Italian ALMA Regional Centre, INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy
101.Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, No.1, Sect.4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C
102.Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia 58089, México
103.Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, CdMx 04510, México
104.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, Yunnan Province, People’s Republic of China
105.Center for Astronomical Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100012, People’s Republic of China
106.Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, People’s Republic of China
107.School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, 1 Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
108.Tsung-Dao Lee Institute and School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, People’s Republic of China
109.National Institute of Technology, Hachinohe College, 16-1 Uwanotai, Tamonoki, Hachinohe City, Aomori 039-1192, Japan
110.Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, 01003, Amherst, MA, USA
111.South African Radio Astronomy Observatory, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa
112.Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, GR 15783 Zografos, Greece
113.Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada
114.Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada
115.Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 180 Dundas St West, Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8, Canada
116.Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
117.Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 88, Sec. 4, Tingzhou Rd., Taipei 116, Taiwan, R.O.C.
118.Institut für Theoretische Physik, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
119.Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
120.School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
121.Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
122.Instituto de Radioastronomía Milimétrica, IRAM, Avenida Divina Pastora 7, Local 20, E-18012, Granada, Spain
123.Aalto University Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, PL 15500, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland
124.Aalto University Mets?hovi Radio Observatory, Mets?hovintie 114, FI-02540 Kylm?l?, Finland
125.Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, Yonsei-ro 50, Seodaemun-gu, 03722 Seoul, Republic of Korea
126.Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), Postbus 93138, 2509 AC Den Haag, The Netherlands
127.Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan
128.Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan
129.Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Postbus 2300, 9513 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
130.Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK
131.Physics Department, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02453, USA
132.School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, People’s Republic of China
133.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT, UK
134.School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, People’s Republic of China
135.Astronomy Department, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, People’s Republic of China
136.Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, école Polytechnique, CNRS, Institut Polytechnique de Paris, F-91128 Palaiseau, France
137.Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2, Ireland
138.Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, P.O. Box 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany
139.High Energy Astrophysics Laboratory, RAU, 123 Hovsep Emin St Yerevan 0051, Armenia
140.Aix Marseille Université, CNRS/IN2P3, CPPM, Marseille, France
141.Laboratoire d’Annecy de Physique des Particules, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Univ. Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, LAPP, F-74000 Annecy, France
142.University of Oxford, Department of Physics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK
143.IRFU, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
144.University of Namibia, Department of Physics, Private Bag 13301, Windhoek 10005, Namibia
145.Instytut Fizyki Ja?drowej PAN, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, 31-342 Kraków, Poland
146.DESY, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany
147.Obserwatorium Astronomiczne, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, ul. Orla 171, 30-244 Kraków, Poland
148.Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering, Linnaeus University, SE-351 95 V?xj?, Sweden
149.Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Universit?t Tübingen, Sand 1, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany
150.Laboratoire Univers et Théories, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Université de Paris, F-92190 Meudon, France
151.Sorbonne Université, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS/IN2P3, Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Energies, LPNHE, 4 Place Jussieu, F-75252 Paris, France
152.GRAPPA, Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
153.Friedrich-Alexander-Universit?t Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics, Erwin-Rommel-Str. 1, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
154.Astronomical Observatory, The University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warsaw, Poland
155.School of Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Braamfontein, Johannesburg, 2050 South Africa
156.Université Bordeaux, CNRS/IN2P3, Centre d’études Nucléaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, F-33175 Gradignan, France
157.School of Physical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
158.Universit?t Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Luruper Chaussee 149, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany
159.Université de Paris, CNRS, Astroparticule et Cosmologie, F-75013 Paris, France
160.Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK
161.Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland
162.Institut für Physik und Astronomie, Universit?t Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24/25, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany
163.Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier, Université Montpellier, CNRS/IN2P3, CC 72, Place Eugène Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
164.Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universit?t zu Berlin, Newtonstr. 15, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
165.Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik, Leopold-Franzens-Universit?t Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria
166.Landessternwarte, Universit?t Heidelberg, K?nigstuhl, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany
167.Institute of Astronomy, Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Informatics, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Grudziadzka 5, 87-100 Torun, Poland
168.Department of Physics, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan
169.Department of Physics, University of the Free State, P.O. Box 339, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa
170.Department of Physics, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
171.Yerevan Physics Institute, 2 Alikhanian Brothers St., 375036 Yerevan, Armenia
172.Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study (UTIAS), The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-Ha, Kashiwa, Chiba, 277-8583, Japan
173.Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias and Dpto. Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38200, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
174.Università di Udine and INFN Trieste, I-33100 Udine, Italy
175.National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF), I-00136 Rome, Italy
176.ETH Zürich, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland
177.Institut de Física d’Altes Energies (IFAE), The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (BIST), E-08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain
178.Japanese MAGIC Group: Institute for Cosmic Ray Research (ICRR), The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, 277-8582 Chiba, Japan
179.Technische Universit?t Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
180.Croatian MAGIC Group: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing (FER), 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
181.IPARCOS Institute and EMFTEL Department, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid, Spain
182.Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas (CBPF), 22290-180 URCA, Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil
183.University of Lodz, Faculty of Physics and Applied Informatics, Department of Astrophysics, 90-236 Lodz, Poland
184.Università di Siena and INFN Pisa, I-53100 Siena, Italy
185.Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany
186.Università di Padova and INFN, I-35131 Padova, Italy
187.INFN MAGIC Group: INFN Sezione di Torino and Università degli Studi di Torino, I-10125 Torino, Italy
188.Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, D-80805 München, Germany
189.Università di Pisa and INFN Pisa, I-56126 Pisa, Italy
190.Universitat de Barcelona, ICCUB, IEEC-UB, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain
191.Armenian MAGIC Group: A. Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory, Armenia
192.Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas, E-28040 Madrid, Spain
193.INFN MAGIC Group: INFN Sezione di Bari and Dipartimento Interateneo di Fisica dell’Università e del Politecnico di Bari, I-70125 Bari, Italy
194.Croatian MAGIC Group: University of Rijeka, Department of Physics, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
195.Universit?t Würzburg, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany
196.Finnish MAGIC Group: Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, Finland
197.Departament de Física, and CERES-IEEC, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Bellaterra, Spain
198.Armenian MAGIC Group: ICRANet-Armenia at NAS RA, Armenia
199.Croatian MAGIC Group: University of Split, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture (FESB), 21000 Split, Croatia
200.Croatian MAGIC Group: Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Department of Physics, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
201.Japanese MAGIC Group: RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
202.Japanese MAGIC Group: Department of Physics, Kyoto University, 606-8502 Kyoto, Japan
203.Japanese MAGIC Group: Department of Physics, Tokai University, Hiratsuka, 259-1292 Kanagawa, Japan
204.Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, HBNI, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Salt Lake, Sector-1, Kolkata 700064, India
205.Inst. for Nucl. Research and Nucl. Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, BG-1784 Sofia, Bulgaria
206.Finnish MAGIC Group: Astronomy Research Unit, University of Oulu, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
207.Croatian MAGIC Group: Ru?der Bo?kovi? Institute, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
208.INFN MAGIC Group: INFN Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy
209.INFN MAGIC Group: INFN Roma Tor Vergata, I-00133 Roma, Italy
210.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027, USA
211.Physics Department, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
212.Physics Department, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 94307, USA
213.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
214.Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
215.School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
216.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
217.School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
218.Department of Physics, California State University—East Bay, Hayward, CA 94542, USA
219.School of Physics and Center for Relativistic Astrophysics, Georgia Institute of Technology, 837 State Street NW, Atlanta, GA 30332-0430, USA
220.DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany
221.Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
222.Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
223.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
224.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Van Allen Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
225.Department of Physics and Astronomy, DePauw University, Greencastle, IN 46135-0037, USA
226.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
227.School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway, Ireland
228.Institute of Particle and Cosmos Physics, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid, Spain
229.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
230.Institute of Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, D-14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany and DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen, Germany
231.Department of Physical Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology, Bishopstown, Cork, Ireland
232.Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, People’s Republic of China
233.Graduate School of Sciences and Technology for Innovation, Yamaguchi University, Yoshida 1677-1, Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi 753-8512, Japan
234.Center for Astronomy, Ibaraki University, 2-1-1 Bunkyo, Mito, Ibaraki 310-8512, Japan
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Algaba,J. C.,Anczarski,J.,Asada,K.,et al. Broadband Multi-wavelength Properties of M87 during the 2017 Event Horizon Telescope Campaign[J]. The Astrophysical Journal Letters,2021,911(1).
APA Algaba,J. C..,Anczarski,J..,Asada,K..,Balokovi?,M..,Chandra,S..,...&Yonekura,Yoshinori.(2021).Broadband Multi-wavelength Properties of M87 during the 2017 Event Horizon Telescope Campaign.The Astrophysical Journal Letters,911(1).
MLA Algaba,J. C.,et al."Broadband Multi-wavelength Properties of M87 during the 2017 Event Horizon Telescope Campaign".The Astrophysical Journal Letters 911.1(2021).
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