YNAO OpenIR  > 南方基地
Polarimetric Properties of Event Horizon Telescope Targets from ALMA
Goddi,Ciriaco1,2; Martí-Vidal,Iván3,4; Messias,Hugo5; Bower,Geoffrey C.6; Broderick,Avery E.7,8,9; Dexter,Jason10; Marrone,Daniel P.11; Moscibrodzka,Monika1; Nagai,Hiroshi12,13; Algaba,Juan Carlos14; Asada,Keiichi15; Crew,Geoffrey B.16; Gómez,José L.17; Impellizzeri,C. M. Violette2,5; Janssen,Michael18; Kadler,Matthias19; Krichbaum,Thomas P.18; Lico,Rocco17,18; Matthews,Lynn D.16; Nathanail,Antonios20,21; Ricarte,Angelo22,23; Ros,Eduardo18; Younsi,Ziri20,24; Akiyama,Kazunori12,16,22,25; Alberdi,Antxon17; Alef,Walter18; Anantua,Richard22,23,26; Azulay,Rebecca3,4,18; Baczko,Anne-Kathrin18; Ball,David11; Balokovi?,Mislav27,28; Barrett,John16; Benson,Bradford A.29,30; Bintley,Dan31; Blackburn,Lindy22,23; Blundell,Raymond23; Boland,Wilfred32; Bouman,Katherine L.22,23,33; Boyce,Hope34,35; Bremer,Michael36; Brinkerink,Christiaan D.1; Brissenden,Roger22,23; Britzen,Silke18; Broguiere,Dominique36; Bronzwaer,Thomas1; Byun,Do-Young37,38; Carlstrom,John E.30,39,40,41; Chael,Andrew42; Chan,Chi-kwan11,43; Chatterjee,Shami44; Chatterjee,Koushik45; Chen,Ming-Tang6; Chen,Yongjun46,47; Chesler,Paul M.22; Cho,Ilje37,38; Christian,Pierre48; Conway,John E.49; Cordes,James M.44; Crawford,Thomas M.30,39; Cruz-Osorio,Alejandro20; Cui,Yuzhu13,50; Davelaar,Jordy1,26,51; De Laurentis,Mariafelicia20,52,53; Deane,Roger54,55,56; Dempsey,Jessica31; Desvignes,Gregory57; Doeleman,Sheperd S.22,23; Eatough,Ralph P.18,58; Falcke,Heino1; Farah,Joseph22,23,59; Fish,Vincent L.16; Fomalont,Ed25; Ford,H. Alyson60; Fraga-Encinas,Raquel1; Freeman,William T.61,62; Friberg,Per31; Fromm,Christian M.20,22,23; Fuentes,Antonio17; Galison,Peter22,63,64; Gammie,Charles F.65,66; García,Roberto36; Gentaz,Olivier36; Georgiev,Boris8,9; Gold,Roman7,67; Gómez-Ruiz,Arturo I.68,69; Gu,Minfeng46,70; Gurwell,Mark23; Hada,Kazuhiro13,50; Haggard,Daryl34,35; Hecht,Michael H.16; Hesper,Ronald71; Ho,Luis C.72,73; Ho,Paul15; Honma,Mareki13,50,74; Huang,Chih-Wei L.15; Huang,Lei46,70; Hughes,David H.68; Inoue,Makoto15; Issaoun,Sara1; James,David J.22,23; Jannuzi,Buell T.11; Jeter,Britton8,9; Jiang,Wu46; Jimenez-Rosales,Alejandra1; Johnson,Michael D.22,23; Jorstad,Svetlana75,76; Jung,Taehyun37,38; Karami,Mansour7,8; Karuppusamy,Ramesh18; Kawashima,Tomohisa77; Keating,Garrett K.23; Kettenis,Mark78; Kim,Dong-Jin18; Kim,Jae-Young18,37; Kim,Jongsoo37; Kim,Junhan11,33; Kino,Motoki12,79; Koay,Jun Yi15; Kofuji,Yutaro50,74; Koch,Patrick M.15; Koyama,Shoko15; Kramer,Michael18; Kramer,Carsten36; Kuo,Cheng-Yu15,80; Lauer,Tod R.81; Lee,Sang-Sung37; Levis,Aviad33; Li,Yan-Rong82; Li,Zhiyuan83,84; Lindqvist,Michael49; Lindahl,Greg23; Liu,Jun18; Liu,Kuo18; Liuzzo,Elisabetta85; Lo,Wen-Ping15,86; Lobanov,Andrei P.18; Loinard,Laurent87,88; Lonsdale,Colin16; Lu,Ru-Sen18,46,47; MacDonald,Nicholas R.18; Mao JR(毛基荣)89,90,91; Marchili,Nicola18,85; Markoff,Sera45,92; Marscher,Alan P.75; Matsushita,Satoki15; Medeiros,Lia11,93; Menten,Karl M.18; Mizuno,Izumi31; Mizuno,Yosuke20,94; Moran,James M.22,23; Moriyama,Kotaro16,50; Müller,Cornelia1,18; Musoke,Gibwa1,45; Mejías,Alejandro Mus3,4; Nagar,Neil M.95; Nakamura,Masanori15,96; Narayan,Ramesh22,23; Narayanan,Gopal97; Natarajan,Iniyan54,56,98; Neilsen,Joey99; Neri,Roberto36; Ni,Chunchong8,9; Noutsos,Aristeidis18; Nowak,Michael A.100; Okino,Hiroki50,74; Olivares,Héctor1; Ortiz-León,Gisela N.18; Oyama,Tomoaki50; ?zel,Feryal11; Palumbo,Daniel C. M.22,23; Park,Jongho15; Patel,Nimesh23; Pen,Ue-Li7,101,102,103; Pesce,Dominic W.22,23; Piétu,Vincent36; Plambeck,Richard104; PopStefanija,Aleksandar97; Porth,Oliver20,45; P?tzl,Felix M.18; Prather,Ben65; Preciado-López,Jorge A.7; Psaltis,Dimitrios11; Pu,Hung-Yi7,15,105; Ramakrishnan,Venkatessh95; Rao,Ramprasad6; Rawlings,Mark G.31; Raymond,Alexander W.22,23; Rezzolla,Luciano106,107,108; Ripperda,Bart26,109; Roelofs,Freek1; Rogers,Alan16; Rose,Mel11; Roshanineshat,Arash11; Rottmann,Helge18; Roy,Alan L.18; Ruszczyk,Chet16; Rygl,Kazi L. J.85; Sánchez,Salvador110; Sánchez-Arguelles,David68,69; Sasada,Mahito50,111; Savolainen,Tuomas18,112,113; Schloerb,F. Peter97; Schuster,Karl-Friedrich36; Shao,Lijing18,73; Shen,Zhiqiang46,47; Small,Des78; Sohn,Bong Won37,38,114; SooHoo,Jason16; Sun,He33; Tazaki,Fumie50; Tetarenko,Alexandra J.115; Tiede,Paul8,9; Tilanus,Remo P. J.1,2,11,116; Titus,Michael16; Toma,Kenji117,118; Torne,Pablo18,110; Trent,Tyler11; Traianou,Efthalia18; Trippe,Sascha119; Bemmel,Ilse van78; van Langevelde,Huib Jan78,120; van Rossum,Daniel R.1; Wagner,Jan18; Ward-Thompson,Derek121; Wardle,John122; Weintroub,Jonathan22,23; Wex,Norbert18; Wharton,Robert18; Wielgus,Maciek22,23; Wong,George N.65; Wu,Qingwen123; Yoon,Doosoo45; Young,André1; Young,Ken23; Yuan,Feng46,70,124; Yuan,Ye-Fei125; Zensus,J. Anton18; Zhao,Guang-Yao17; Zhao,Shan-Shan46; Bruni,Gabriele126; Gopakumar,A.127; Hernández-Gómez,Antonio18; Herrero-Illana,Ruben17,128; Ingram,Adam129; Komossa,S.18; Kovalev,Y. Y.18,130,131; Muders,Dirk18; Perucho,Manel3,4; R?sch,Florian19; Valtonen,Mauri132
Source PublicationThe Astrophysical Journal Letters
2021-03-01
Volume910Issue:1Pages:54
DOI10.3847/2041-8213/abee6a
Contribution Rank第89完成单位
Indexed BySCI
KeywordMagnetic fields Relativistic jets Active galactic nuclei Radio jets Polarimetry Interferometry Long baseline interferometry Galactic center Supermassive black holes Blazars Radio galaxies Quasars
Abstract

We present the results from a full polarization study carried out with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) during the first Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) campaign, which was conducted in 2017 April in the λ3 mm and λ1.3 mm bands, in concert with the Global mm-VLBI Array (GMVA) and the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT), respectively. We determine the polarization and Faraday properties of all VLBI targets, including Sgr A*, M87, and a dozen radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs), in the two bands at several epochs in a time window of 10 days. We detect high linear polarization fractions (2%–15%) and large rotation measures (RM > 103.3–105.5 rad m?2), confirming the trends of previous AGN studies at millimeter wavelengths. We find that blazars are more strongly polarized than other AGNs in the sample, while exhibiting (on average) order-of-magnitude lower RM values, consistent with the AGN viewing angle unification scheme. For Sgr A* we report a mean RM of (?4.2 ± 0.3) × 105 rad m?2 at 1.3 mm, consistent with measurements over the past decade and, for the first time, an RM of (–2.1 ± 0.1) × 105 rad m?2 at 3 mm, suggesting that about half of the Faraday rotation at 1.3 mm may occur between the 3 mm photosphere and the 1.3 mm source. We also report the first unambiguous measurement of RM toward the M87 nucleus at millimeter wavelengths, which undergoes significant changes in magnitude and sign reversals on a one year timescale, spanning the range from ?1.2 to 0.3 × 105 rad m?2 at 3 mm and ?4.1 to 1.5 × 105 rad m?2 at 1.3 mm. Given this time variability, we argue that, unlike the case of Sgr A*, the RM in M87 does not provide an accurate estimate of the mass accretion rate onto the black hole. We put forward a two-component model, comprised of a variable compact region and a static extended region, that can simultaneously explain the polarimetric properties observed by both the EHT (on horizon scales) and ALMA (which observes the combined emission from both components). These measurements provide critical constraints for the calibration, analysis, and interpretation of simultaneously obtained VLBI data with the EHT and GMVA.

Funding ProjectAcademy of Finland[274477] ; Academy of Finland[284495] ; Academy of Finland[312496] ; Academy of Finland[315721] ; European Commission Framework Programme[731016] ; Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung ; Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship ; European ALMA Regional Centre node in the Netherlands ; NL astronomy research network NOVA ; Radboud University ; black hole Initiative at Harvard University from the John Templeton Foundation[60477] ; China Scholarship Council ; Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID), Chile[NCN19_058] ; Fondecyt[3190878] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-246083] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-259839] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[F0003-272050] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[M0037-279006] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[F0003-281692] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[104497] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[275201] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[263356] ; Delaney Family via the Delaney Family John A. Wheeler Chair at Perimeter Institute ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal AcademicoUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal AcademicoUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112820] ; European Research Council[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana postdoctoral grant[APOSTD/2018/177] ; Generalitat Valenciana postdoctoral grant[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; MICINN Research Project[PID2019-108995GB-C22] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF 947] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-3561] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-5278] ; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) sezione di Napoli, iniziative specifiche TEONGRAV ; Simons Foundation ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; Leverhulme Trust ; Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (MPG) ; Max Planck Partner Group of the MPG ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K13594] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K03656] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18H03721] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18K03709] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18H01245] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[25120007] ; Malaysian Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)[FRGS/1/2019/STG02/UM/02/6] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2112-M-001-025-MY3] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2112-M-001-011] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2119-M-001-027] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-017] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001020] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-110-005] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[MOST 108-2112-M-001-048] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[MOST 109-2124-M-001-005] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)[80NSSC20K1567] ; NASA Astrophysics Theory Program[80NSSC20K0527] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400702] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1140030] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[DGE-1144085] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207704] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207730] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207752] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[MRI-1228509] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[OPP-1248097] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1310896] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1337663] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1440254] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1555365] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1615796] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1715061] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1716327] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1716536] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[OISE-1743747] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1816420] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1903847] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1935980] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-2034306] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11573051] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11633006] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11650110427] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[10625314] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11721303] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11725312] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11933007] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11991052] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11991053] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; National Youth Thousand Talents Program of China ; National Research Foundation of Korea[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752] ; National Research Foundation of Korea[2015R1D1A1A01056807] ; National Research Foundation of Korea[NRF-2015H1D3A1066561] ; National Research Foundation of Korea[2019R1F1A1059721] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award[639.043.513] ; Spinoza Prize SPI[78-409] ; Swedish Research Council[2017-00648] ; Government of Canada ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[PGC2018098915-B-C21] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[AYA2016-80889-P] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[PID2019-108995GB-C21] ; Toray Science Foundation ; Consejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad of the Junta de Andalucia[P18-FR-1769] ; US Department of Energy (USDOE) through the Los Alamos National Laboratory ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE[89233218CNA000001] ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca[CUP C52I13000140001] ; European Union[730562] ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Academia Sinica ; NASA NuSTAR[80NSSC20K0645] ; Smithsonian Institution ; Ministry of Finance of China ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation[PLR-1248097] ; NSF Physics Frontier Center[PHY-1125897] ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Kavli Foundation ; Spanish Ministry of Science[PID2019-105510GB-C31] ; Spanish Ministry of Science[PID2019-107427GB-C33] ; Generalitat Valenciana[PROMETEU/2019/071] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSWSLH057] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SYS008] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[ZDBS-LY-SLH011] ; Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF251431.001-A] ; NASA[NAS5-26555] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2020M671266] ; NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program ; South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Onsala Space Observatory (OSO) national infrastructure ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa award for the Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia[SEV-2017-0709] ; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas[2019AEP112] ; Chandra[TM6-17006X] ; Chandra[DD7-18089X] ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) Project[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; NSF[ACI-1548562] ; NSF[DBI-0735191] ; NSF[DBI-1265383] ; NSF[DBI-1743442] ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; University of Amsterdam ; Leiden University ; CAS ; National Institute of Natural Sciences (NINS) of Japan ; International Max Planck Research School for Astronomy and Astrophysics at the Universities of Bonn and Cologne ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0352953] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0521233] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0705062] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0905844] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0922984] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1126433]
Funding OrganizationAcademy of Finland[274477, 284495, 312496, 315721] ; European Commission Framework Programme[731016] ; Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung ; Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship ; European ALMA Regional Centre node in the Netherlands ; NL astronomy research network NOVA ; Radboud University ; black hole Initiative at Harvard University from the John Templeton Foundation[60477] ; China Scholarship Council ; Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID), Chile[NCN19_058] ; Fondecyt[3190878] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-246083, U0004-259839, F0003-272050, M0037-279006, F0003-281692,104497, 275201, 263356] ; Delaney Family via the Delaney Family John A. Wheeler Chair at Perimeter Institute ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal AcademicoUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417, IN112820] ; European Research Council[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana postdoctoral grant[APOSTD/2018/177, CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; MICINN Research Project[PID2019-108995GB-C22] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF 947, GBMF-3561, GBMF-5278] ; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) sezione di Napoli, iniziative specifiche TEONGRAV ; Simons Foundation ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; Leverhulme Trust ; Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (MPG) ; Max Planck Partner Group of the MPG ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090, JP18K13594, JP18K03656, JP18H03721, 18K03709, 18H01245, 25120007] ; Malaysian Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)[FRGS/1/2019/STG02/UM/02/6] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2112-M-001-025-MY3, 106-2112-M-001-011, 106-2119-M-001-027, 107-2119-M-001-017, 107-2119-M-001020, 107-2119-M-110-005, MOST 108-2112-M-001-048, MOST 109-2124-M-001-005] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)[80NSSC20K1567] ; NASA Astrophysics Theory Program[80NSSC20K0527] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704, 2016YFA0400702] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1140030, DGE-1144085, AST-1207704, AST-1207730, AST-1207752, MRI-1228509, OPP-1248097, AST-1310896, AST-1337663, AST-1440254, AST-1555365, AST-1615796, AST-1715061, AST-1716327, AST-1716536, OISE-1743747, AST-1816420, AST-1903847, AST-1935980, AST-2034306] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11573051, 11633006, 11650110427, 10625314, 11721303, 11725312, 11933007, 11991052, 11991053] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; National Youth Thousand Talents Program of China ; National Research Foundation of Korea[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752, 2015R1D1A1A01056807, NRF-2015H1D3A1066561, 2019R1F1A1059721] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award[639.043.513] ; Spinoza Prize SPI[78-409] ; Swedish Research Council[2017-00648] ; Government of Canada ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[PGC2018098915-B-C21, AYA2016-80889-P, PID2019-108995GB-C21] ; Toray Science Foundation ; Consejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad of the Junta de Andalucia[P18-FR-1769] ; US Department of Energy (USDOE) through the Los Alamos National Laboratory ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE[89233218CNA000001] ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca[CUP C52I13000140001] ; European Union[730562] ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Academia Sinica ; NASA NuSTAR[80NSSC20K0645] ; Smithsonian Institution ; Ministry of Finance of China ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation[PLR-1248097] ; NSF Physics Frontier Center[PHY-1125897] ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Kavli Foundation ; Spanish Government[PID2019-105510GB-C31, PID2019-107427GB-C33] ; Generalitat Valenciana[PROMETEU/2019/071] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSWSLH057, QYZDJ-SSW-SYS008, ZDBS-LY-SLH011] ; Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF251431.001-A] ; NASA[NAS5-26555] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2020M671266] ; NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program ; South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Onsala Space Observatory (OSO) national infrastructure ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa award for the Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia[SEV-2017-0709] ; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas[2019AEP112] ; Chandra[TM6-17006X, DD7-18089X] ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) Project[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; NSF[ACI-1548562, DBI-0735191, DBI-1265383, DBI-1743442] ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; University of Amsterdam ; Leiden University ; CAS ; National Institute of Natural Sciences (NINS) of Japan ; International Max Planck Research School for Astronomy and Astrophysics at the Universities of Bonn and Cologne ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454, AST-0352953, AST-0521233, AST-0705062, AST-0905844, AST-0922984, AST-1126433]
Language英语
Subject Area天文学 ; 星系与宇宙学 ; 星系天文学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Publication PlaceTEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
ISSN2041-8205
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000632375500001
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/24240
Collection南方基地
中国科学院天体结构与演化重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorGoddi,Ciriaco
Affiliation1.Department of Astrophysics, Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), Radboud University, P.O. Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands; cgoddi@gmail.com
2.Leiden Observatory—Allegro, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
3.Departament d’Astronomia i Astrofísica, Universitat de València, C. Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, València, Spain
4.Observatori Astronómic, Universitat de València, C. Catedrático José Beltrán 2, E-46980 Paterna, València, Spain
5.Joint ALMA Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura 763-0355, Santiago de Chile, Chile
6.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 645 N. A’ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
7.Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, ON, N2L 2Y5, Canada
8.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada
9.Waterloo Centre for Astrophysics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1 Canada
10.JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
11.Steward Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
12.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
13.Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
14.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
15.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 11F of Astronomy-Mathematics Building, AS/NTU No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C.
16.Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory, 99 Millstone Road, Westford, MA 01886, USA
17.Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada, Spain
18.Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
19.Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik Universit?t Würzburg, Emil Fischer, Str. 31 D-97074, Würzburg, Germany
20.Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universit?t Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Stra?e 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
21.Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, GR 15783 Zografos, Greece
22.Black Hole Initiative at Harvard University, 20 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
23.Center for Astrophysics ∣ Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
24.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT, UK
25.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Rd, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
26.Center for Computational Astrophysics, Flatiron Institute, 162 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010, USA
27.Yale Center for Astronomy & Astrophysics, 52 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
28.Department of Physics, Yale University, P.O. Box 2018120, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
29.Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, MS209, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL, 60510, USA
30.Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
31.East Asian Observatory, 660 N. A’ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
32.Nederlandse Onderzoekschool voor Astronomie (NOVA), P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
33.California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
34.Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada
35.McGill Space Institute, McGill University, 3550 rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 2A7, Canada
36.Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique, 300 rue de la Piscine, F-38406 Saint Martin d’Hères, France
37.Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daedeok-daero 776, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34055, Republic of Korea
38.University of Science and Technology, Gajeong-ro 217, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34113, Republic of Korea
39.Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA
40.Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5720 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
41.Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
42.Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
43.Data Science Institute, University of Arizona, 1230 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
44.Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
45.Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
46.Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, People’s Republic of China
47.Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, People’s Republic of China
48.Physics Department, Fairfield University, 1073 North Benson Road, Fairfield, CT 06824, USA
49.Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, SE-43992 Onsala, Sweden
50.Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-12 Hoshigaoka, Mizusawa, Oshu, Iwate 023-0861, Japan
51.Department of Astronomy and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 550 W 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
52.Dipartimento di Fisica “E. Pancini,” Universitá di Napoli “Federico II,” Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126, Napoli, Italy
53.INFN Sez. di Napoli, Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126, Napoli, Italy
54.Wits Centre for Astrophysics, University of the Witwatersrand, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Braamfontein, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa
55.Department of Physics, University of Pretoria, Hatfield, Pretoria 0028, South Africa
56.Centre for Radio Astronomy Techniques and Technologies, Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, Makhanda 6140, South Africa
57.LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon, France
58.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, People’s Republic of China
59.University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 William T. Morrissey Boulevard, Boston, MA 02125, USA
60.Steward Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
61.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 32-D476, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
62.Google Research, 355 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
63.Department of History of Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
64.Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
65.Department of Physics, University of Illinois, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
66.Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
67.CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark
68.Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, óptica y Electrónica. Apartado Postal 51 y 216, 72000. Puebla Pue., México
69.Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Av. Insurgentes Sur 1582, 03940, Ciudad de México, México
70.Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, People’s Republic of China
71.NOVA Sub-mm Instrumentation Group, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
72.Department of Astronomy, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People’s Republic of China
73.Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People’s Republic of China
74.Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
75.Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215, USA
76.Astronomical Institute, St. Petersburg University, Universitetskij pr., 28, Petrodvorets,198504 St.Petersburg, Russia
77.Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582, Japan
78.Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE), Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
79.Kogakuin University of Technology & Engineering, Academic Support Center, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan
80.Physics Department, National Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 70, Lien-Hai Rd, Kaosiung City 80424, Taiwan, R.O.C
81.National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
82.Key Laboratory for Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19B Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
83.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People’s Republic of China
84.Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People’s Republic of China
85.Italian ALMA Regional Centre, INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy
86.Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, No.1, Sect. 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C
87.Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia 58089, México
88.Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, CdMx 04510, México
89.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China
90.Center for Astronomical Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100012, People's Republic of China
91.Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, People's Republic of China
92.Gravitation Astroparticle Physics Amsterdam (GRAPPA) Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
93.School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, 1 Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
94.Tsung-Dao Lee Institute and School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, People’s Republic of China
95.Astronomy Department, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
96.National Institute of Technology, Hachinohe College, 16-1 Uwanotai, Tamonoki, Hachinohe City, Aomori 039-1192, Japan
97.Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, 01003, Amherst, MA, USA
98.South African Radio Astronomy Observatory, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa
99.Villanova University, Mendel Science Center Rm. 263B, 800 E Lancaster Ave, Villanova PA 19085
100.Physics Department, Washington University CB 1105, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
101.Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada
102.Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada
103.Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 180 Dundas St West, Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8, Canada
104.Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
105.Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 88, Sec. 4, Tingzhou Rd., Taipei 116, Taiwan, R.O.C.
106.Institut für Theoretische Physik, Max-von-Laue-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
107.Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
108.School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland
109.Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
110.Instituto de Radioastronomía Milimétrica, IRAM, Avenida Divina Pastora 7, Local 20, E-18012, Granada, Spain
111.Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan
112.Aalto University Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, PL 15500, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland
113.Aalto University Mets?hovi Radio Observatory, Mets?hovintie 114, FI-02540 Kylm?l?, Finland
114.Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, Yonsei-ro 50, Seodaemun-gu, 03722 Seoul, Republic of Korea
115.East Asian Observatory, 660 N. A’ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
116.Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), Postbus 93138, 2509 AC Den Haag, The Netherlands
117.Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan
118.Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan
119.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
120.Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Postbus 2300, 9513 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
121.Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK
122.Physics Department, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02453, USA
123.School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, People’s Republic of China
124.School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, People’s Republic of China
125.Astronomy Department, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, People’s Republic of China
126.INAF—Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma, Italy
127.Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005, India
128.European Southern Observatory (ESO), Alonso de Córdova 3107, Casilla, 19001, Vitacura, Santiago de Chile, Chile
129.Department of Physics, Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK
130.Astro Space Center of Lebedev Physical Institute, Profsoyuznaya 84/32, 117997 Moscow, Russia
131.Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutsky per. 9, Dolgoprudny 141700, Russia
132.Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), Quantum, Vesilinnantie 5, FI-20014 Turun yliopisto, Finland
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Goddi,Ciriaco,Martí-Vidal,Iván,Messias,Hugo,et al. Polarimetric Properties of Event Horizon Telescope Targets from ALMA[J]. The Astrophysical Journal Letters,2021,910(1):54.
APA Goddi,Ciriaco.,Martí-Vidal,Iván.,Messias,Hugo.,Bower,Geoffrey C..,Broderick,Avery E..,...&Valtonen,Mauri.(2021).Polarimetric Properties of Event Horizon Telescope Targets from ALMA.The Astrophysical Journal Letters,910(1),54.
MLA Goddi,Ciriaco,et al."Polarimetric Properties of Event Horizon Telescope Targets from ALMA".The Astrophysical Journal Letters 910.1(2021):54.
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