YNAO OpenIR  > 南方基地
First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. VIII. Magnetic Field Structure near The Event Horizon
Akiyama, Kazunori1,2,3; Algaba, Juan Carlos4; Alberdi, Antxon5; Alef, Walter6; Anantua, Richard3,7,8; Asada, Keiichi9; Azulay, Rebecca6,10,11; Baczko, Anne-Kathrin6; Ball, David12; Baloković, Mislav13,14; Barrett, John1; Benson, Bradford A.15,16; Bintley, Dan17; Blackburn, Lindy3,7; Blundell, Raymond7; Boland, Wilfred18; Bouman, Katherine L.3,7,19; Bower, Geoffrey C.20; Boyce, Hope21,22; Bremer, Michael23; Brinkerink, Christiaan D.24; Brissenden, Roger3,7; Britzen, Silke6; Broderick, Avery E.25,26,27; Broguiere, Dominique23; Bronzwaer, Thomas24; Byun, Do-Young28,29; Carlstrom, John E.16,30,31,32; Chael, Andrew33; Chan, Chi-kwan12,34; Chatterjee, Shami35; Chatterjee, Koushik36; Chen, Ming-Tang20; Chen, Yongjun37,38; Chesler, Paul M.3; Cho, Ilje28,29; Christian, Pierre39; Conway, John E.40; Cordes, James M.35; Crawford, Thomas M.16,30; Crew, Geoffrey B.1; Cruz-Osorio, Alejandro41; Cui, Yuzhu42,43; Davelaar, Jordy8,24,44; Laurentis, Mariafelicia De41,45,46; Deane, Roger47,48,49; Dempsey, Jessica17; Desvignes, Gregory50; Dexter, Jason51; Doeleman, Sheperd S.3,7; Eatough, Ralph P.6,52; Falcke, Heino24; Farah, Joseph3,7,53; Fish, Vincent L.1; Fomalont, Ed54; Ford, H. Alyson12; Fraga-Encinas, Raquel24; Friberg, Per17; Fromm, Christian M.3,7,41; Fuentes, Antonio5; Galison, Peter3,55,56; Gammie, Charles F.57,58; García, Roberto23; Gelles, Zachary3,7; Gentaz, Olivier23; Georgiev, Boris26,27; Goddi, Ciriaco24,59; Gold, Roman25,60; Gómez, José L.5; Gómez-Ruiz, Arturo I.59,60; Gu, Minfeng37,63; Gurwell, Mark7; Hada, Kazuhiro42,43; Haggard, Daryl21,22; Hecht, Michael H.1; Hesper, Ronald64; Himwich, Elizabeth3,65; Ho, Luis C.66,67; Ho, Paul9; Honma, Mareki42,43,68; Huang, Chih-Wei L.9; Huang, Lei37,63; Hughes, David H.61; Ikeda, Shiro2,69,70,71; Inoue, Makoto9; Issaoun, Sara24; James, David J.72; Jannuzi, Buell T.12; Janssen, Michael6; Jeter, Britton26,27; Jiang, Wu38; Jimenez-Rosales, Alejandra24; Johnson, Michael D.3,7; Jorstad, Svetlana73,74; Jung, Taehyun28,29; Karami, Mansour25,26; Karuppusamy, Ramesh6; Kawashima, Tomohisa75; Keating, Garrett K.7; Kettenis, Mark76; Kim, Dong-Jin6; Kim, Jae-Young6,28; Kim, Jongsoo28; Kim, Junhan12,19; Kino, Motoki2,77; Koay, Jun Yi9; Kofuji, Yutaro42,68; Koch, Patrick M.9; Koyama, Shoko9; Kramer, Michael6; Kramer, Carsten23; Krichbaum, Thomas P.6; Kuo, Cheng-Yu9,78; Lauer, Tod R.79; Lee, Sang-Sung28; Levis, Aviad19; Li, Yan-Rong80; Li, Zhiyuan81,82; Lindqvist, Michael40; Lico, Rocco5,6; Lindahl, Greg7; Liu, Jun6; Liu, Kuo6; Liuzzo, Elisabetta83; Lo, Wen-Ping9,84; Lobanov, Andrei P.6; Loinard, Laurent85,86; Lonsdale, Colin1; Lu, Ru-Sen6,37,38; MacDonald, Nicholas R.6; Mao JR(毛基荣)87,88,89; Marchili, Nicola6,83; Markoff, Sera36,90; Marrone, Daniel P.12; Marscher, Alan P.73; Martí-Vidal, Iván10,11; Matsushita, Satoki9; Matthews, Lynn D.1; Medeiros, Lia12,91; Menten, Karl M.6; Mizuno, Izumi17; Mizuno, Yosuke41,92; Moran, James M.3,7; Moriyama, Kotaro1,42; Moscibrodzka, Monika24; Müller, Cornelia6,22; Musoke, Gibwa24,36; Mejías, Alejandro Mus10,11; Michalik, Daniel93,94; Nadolski, Andrew58; Nagai, Hiroshi2,43; Nagar, Neil M.95; Nakamura, Masanori9,96; Narayan, Ramesh3,7; Narayanan, Gopal97; Natarajan, Iniyan47,49,98; Nathanail, Antonios41,99; Neilsen, Joey100; Neri, Roberto23; Ni, Chunchong26,27; Noutsos, Aristeidis6; Nowak, Michael A.101; Okino, Hiroki42,68; Olivares, Héctor24; Ortiz-León, Gisela N.6; Oyama, Tomoaki42; Özel, Feryal12; Palumbo, Daniel C. M.3,7; Park, Jongho9; Patel, Nimesh7; Pen, Ue-Li25,102,103,104; Pesce, Dominic W.3,7; Piétu, Vincent23; Plambeck, Richard105; PopStefanija, Aleksandar97; Porth, Oliver36,41; Pötzl, Felix M.6; Prather, Ben57; Preciado-López, Jorge A.25; Psaltis, Dimitrios12; Pu, Hung-Yi9,25,106; Ramakrishnan, Venkatessh95; Rao, Ramprasad20; Rawlings, Mark G.17; Raymond, Alexander W.3,7; Rezzolla, Luciano41,107,108; Ricarte, Angelo3,7; Ripperda, Bart8,109; Roelofs, Freek24; Rogers, Alan1; Ros, Eduardo6; Rose, Mel12; Roshanineshat, Arash12; Rottmann, Helge6; Roy, Alan L.6; Ruszczyk, Chet1; Rygl, Kazi L. J.83; Sánchez, Salvador110; Sánchez-Arguelles, David61,62; Sasada, Mahito42,111; Savolainen, Tuomas6,112,113; Schloerb, F. Peter97; Schuster, Karl-Friedrich23; Shao, Lijing6,67; Shen, Zhiqiang37,38; Small, Des76; Sohn, Bong Won28,29,114; SooHoo, Jason1; Sun, He19; Tazaki, Fumie42; Tetarenko, Alexandra J.17; Tiede, Paul26,27; Tilanus, Remo P. J.12,24,59,115; Titus, Michael1; Toma, Kenji116,117; Torne, Pablo6,110; Trent, Tyler12; Traianou, Efthalia6; Trippe, Sascha118; Bemmel, Ilse van76; Langevelde, Huib Jan van76,119; Rossum, Daniel R. van24; Wagner, Jan6; Ward-Thompson, Derek120; Wardle, John121; Weintroub, Jonathan3,7; Wex, Norbert6; Wharton, Robert6; Wielgus, Maciek3,7; Wong, George N.57; Wu, Qingwen122; Yoon, Doosoo36; Young, André24; Young, Ken7; Younsi, Ziri41,123; Yuan, Feng37,63,124; Yuan, Ye-Fei125; Zensus, J. Anton6; Zhao, Guang-Yao5; Zhao, Shan-Shan37
Corresponding AuthorAkiyama, Kazunori()
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS
2021-03
Volume910Issue:1
DOI10.3847/2041-8213/abe4de
Contribution Rank第87完成单位
Indexed BySCI
KeywordAccretion Black holes Event horizons Jets Kerr black holes Magnetic fields Magnetohydrodynamics Plasma astrophysics Polarimetry Radiative transfer Radio jets Relativistic jets
AbstractEvent Horizon Telescope (EHT) observations at 230 GHz have now imaged polarized emission around the supermassive black hole in M87 on event-horizon scales. This polarized synchrotron radiation probes the structure of magnetic fields and the plasma properties near the black hole. Here we compare the resolved polarization structure observed by the EHT, along with simultaneous unresolved observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, to expectations from theoretical models. The low fractional linear polarization in the resolved image suggests that the polarization is scrambled on scales smaller than the EHT beam, which we attribute to Faraday rotation internal to the emission region. We estimate the average density n(e) similar to 10(4-7) cm(-3), magnetic field strength B similar to 1-30 G, and electron temperature T-e similar to (1-12) x 10(10) K of the radiating plasma in a simple one-zone emission model. We show that the net azimuthal linear polarization pattern may result from organized, poloidal magnetic fields in the emission region. In a quantitative comparison with a large library of simulated polarimetric images from general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) simulations, we identify a subset of physical models that can explain critical features of the polarimetric EHT observations while producing a relativistic jet of sufficient power. The consistent GRMHD models are all of magnetically arrested accretion disks, where near-horizon magnetic fields are dynamically important. We use the models to infer a mass accretion rate onto the black hole in M87 of (3-20) x 10(-4) M yr(-1).
Funding ProjectAcademy of Finland[274477] ; Academy of Finland[284495] ; Academy of Finland[312496] ; Academy of Finland[315721] ; Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID), Chile[NCN19_058] ; Fondecyt[3190878] ; Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship ; Harvard University, through John Templeton Foundation[60477] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-246083] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[U0004-259839] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[F0003-272050] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[M0037-279006] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[F0003-281692] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[104497] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[275201] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[263356] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[57265507] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112820] ; EACOA Fellowship of the East Asia Core Observatories Association ; European Research Council Synergy Grant BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana postdoctoral grant[APOSTD/2018/177] ; GenT Program[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; MICINN Research Project[PID2019-108995GB-C22] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-3561] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-5278] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF 947] ; Joint Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Fellowship - Simons Foundation ; Joint Columbia/Flatiron Postdoctoral Fellowship - Simons Foundation ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJSSW-SYS008] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[ZDBS-LY-SLH011] ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K13594] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K03656] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18H03721] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18K03709] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18H01245] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP19H01943] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[25120007] ; Malaysian Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)[FRGS/1/2019/STG02/UM/02/6] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2112-M001-025-MY3] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2112-M-001-011] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2119-M-001-027] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-017] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-020] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-110005] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[108-2112-M-001-048] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[109-2124-M-001-005] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant)[80NSSC20K1567] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA Astrophysics Theory Program)[80NSSC20K0527] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)[NNX17AL82G] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute)[HST-HF2-51431.001A] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute)[NAS5-26555] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA NuSTAR award)[80NSSC20K0645] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400702] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0352953] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0521233] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0705062] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0905844] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0922984] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1126433] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1140030] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[DGE-1144085] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207704] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207730] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11573051] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11633006] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11650110427] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[10625314] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11721303] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11725312] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11933007] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11991052] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11991053] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2020M671266] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC, NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship Grant)[2014H1A2A1018695] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship Grant)[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship Grant)[2015-R1D1A1A01056807] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Korea Research Fellowship Program)[NRF-2015H1D3A1066 561] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Basic Research Support Grant)[2019R1F1A1059721] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award[639.043.513] ; Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council[2017-00648] ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[PGC2018098915-B-C21] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[AYA2016-80889-P] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[PID2019-108995GB-C21] ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa award[SEV-2017-0709] ; Consejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad of the Junta de Andalucia[P18FR-1769] ; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas[2019AEP112] ; US Department of Energy (USDOE) through the Los Alamos National Laboratory[89233218CNA000 001] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program[730562] ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) Project[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; NSF[ACI-1548562] ; NSF[DBI-0735191] ; NSF[DBI-1265383] ; NSF[DBI-1743442] ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Academia Sinica ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia ; National Science Foundation ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation[PLR-1248097] ; NSF Physics Frontier Center[PHY-1125897] ; Kavli Foundation ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207752] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[MRI-1228509] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[OPP-1248097] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1310896] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1337663] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1440254] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1555365] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1615796] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1715061] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1716327] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1716536] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[OISE-1743747] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1816420] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1903847] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1935980] ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-2034306] ; CyVerse ; [TM6-17006X] ; [DD7-18089X] ; [T-091.F-0006-2013]
Funding OrganizationAcademy of FinlandAcademy of FinlandEuropean Commission[274477, 284495, 312496, 315721] ; Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID), Chile[NCN19_058] ; FondecytComision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT)CONICYT FONDECYT[3190878] ; Alfred P. Sloan Research FellowshipAlfred P. Sloan Foundation ; Harvard University, through John Templeton Foundation[60477] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACyT)[U0004-246083, U0004-259839, F0003-272050, M0037-279006, F0003-281692, 104497, 275201, 263356, 57265507] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico[IN112417, IN112820] ; EACOA Fellowship of the East Asia Core Observatories Association ; European Research Council Synergy Grant BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana postdoctoral grant[APOSTD/2018/177] ; GenT Program[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; MICINN Research Project[PID2019-108995GB-C22] ; Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationGordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-3561, GBMF-5278, GBMF 947] ; Joint Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Fellowship - Simons Foundation ; Joint Columbia/Flatiron Postdoctoral Fellowship - Simons Foundation ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) ScholarshipMinistry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT)Japan Society for the Promotion of Science[JP17J08829] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057, QYZDJSSW-SYS008, ZDBS-LY-SLH011] ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHIMinistry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (MEXT)Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceGrants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI)[18KK0090, JP18K13594, JP18K03656, JP18H03721, 18K03709, 18H01245, JP19H01943, 25120007] ; Malaysian Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS)[FRGS/1/2019/STG02/UM/02/6] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of TaiwanMinistry of Science and Technology, Taiwan[105-2112-M001-025-MY3, 106-2112-M-001-011, 106-2119-M-001-027, 107-2119-M-001-017, 107-2119-M-001-020, 107-2119-M-110005, 108-2112-M-001-048, 109-2124-M-001-005] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant)[80NSSC20K1567] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA Astrophysics Theory Program)[80NSSC20K0527] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA)[NNX17AL82G] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute)[HST-HF2-51431.001A, NAS5-26555] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA NuSTAR award)[80NSSC20K0645] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704, 2016YFA0400702] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454, AST-0352953, AST-0521233, AST-0705062, AST-0905844, AST-0922984, AST-1126433, AST-1140030, DGE-1144085, AST-1207704, AST-1207730] ; Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11573051, 11633006, 11650110427, 10625314, 11721303, 11725312, 11933007, 11991052, 11991053] ; China Postdoctoral Science FoundationChina Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2020M671266] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC, NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship Grant)[2014H1A2A1018695, NRF-2015H1A2A1033752, 2015-R1D1A1A01056807] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Korea Research Fellowship Program)[NRF-2015H1D3A1066 561] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Basic Research Support Grant)[2019R1F1A1059721] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI awardNetherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)[639.043.513] ; Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research CouncilEuropean Commission[2017-00648] ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and ScienceMinistry of Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia (RISTEK) ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[PGC2018098915-B-C21, AYA2016-80889-P, PID2019-108995GB-C21] ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa award[SEV-2017-0709] ; Consejeria de Economia, Conocimiento, Empresas y Universidad of the Junta de AndaluciaJunta de Andalucia[P18FR-1769] ; Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas[2019AEP112] ; US Department of Energy (USDOE) through the Los Alamos National LaboratoryUnited States Department of Energy (DOE)[89233218CNA000 001] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program[730562] ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) Project[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; NSFNational Science Foundation (NSF)[ACI-1548562, DBI-0735191, DBI-1265383, DBI-1743442] ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian InstitutionSmithsonian Institution ; Academia SinicaAcademia Sinica - Taiwan ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y TecnologiaConsejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACyT) ; National Science FoundationNational Science Foundation (NSF) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France)Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) ; MPG (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; National Science FoundationNational Science Foundation (NSF)[PLR-1248097] ; NSF Physics Frontier CenterNational Science Foundation (NSF)[PHY-1125897] ; Kavli Foundation ; The National Science Foundation (NSF)National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207752, MRI-1228509, OPP-1248097, AST-1310896, AST-1337663, AST-1440254, AST-1555365, AST-1615796, AST-1715061, AST-1716327, AST-1716536, OISE-1743747, AST-1816420, AST-1903847, AST-1935980, AST-2034306] ; CyVerse ; [TM6-17006X] ; [DD7-18089X] ; [T-091.F-0006-2013]
Language英语
Subject Area天文学 ; 天体物理学 ; 高能天体物理学 ; 星系与宇宙学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Publication PlaceTEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
ISSN2041-8205
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000632379900001
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
Citation statistics
Cited Times:11[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Version出版稿
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/24234
Collection南方基地
中国科学院天体结构与演化重点实验室
Affiliation1.Massachusetts Institute of Technology Haystack Observatory, 99 Millstone Road, Westford, MA 01886, USA;
2.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan;
3.Black Hole Initiative at Harvard University, 20 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
4.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia;
5.Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada, Spain;
6.Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany;
7.Center for Astrophysics Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
8.Center for Computational Astrophysics, Flatiron Institute, 162 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010, USA;
9.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 11F of Astronomy-Mathematics Building, AS/NTU No. 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Rd, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
10.Departament d'Astronomia i Astrofísica, Universitat de València, C. Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, València, Spain;
11.Observatori Astronòmic, Universitat de València, C. Catedrático José Beltrán 2, E-46980 Paterna, València, Spain;
12.Steward Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA;
13.Yale Center for Astronomy & Astrophysics, 52 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511, USA;
14.Department of Physics, Yale University, P.O. Box 2018120, New Haven, CT 06520, USA;
15.Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, MS209, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL, 60510, USA;
16.Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
17.East Asian Observatory, 660 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
18.Nederlandse Onderzoekschool voor Astronomie (NOVA), PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands;
19.California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA;
20.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 645 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA;
21.Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada;
22.McGill Space Institute, McGill University, 3550 rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 2A7, Canada;
23.Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique, 300 rue de la Piscine, F-38406 Saint Martin d'Hères, France;
24.Department of Astrophysics, Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), Radboud University, P.O. Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands;
25.Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, ON, N2L 2Y5, Canada;
26.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada;
27.Waterloo Centre for Astrophysics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada;
28.Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daedeok-daero 776, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34055, Republic of Korea;
29.University of Science and Technology, Gajeong-ro 217, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34113, Republic of Korea;
30.Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
31.Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5720 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
32.Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
33.Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA;
34.Data Science Institute, University of Arizona, 1230 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA;
35.Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA;
36.Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;
37.Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, People's Republic of China;
38.Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, People's Republic of China;
39.Physics Department, Fairfield University, 1073 North Benson Road, Fairfield, CT 06824, USA;
40.Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, SE-43992 Onsala, Sweden;
41.Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Straße 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany;
42.Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-12 Hoshigaoka, Mizusawa, Oshu, Iwate 023-0861, Japan;
43.Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan;
44.Department of Astronomy and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 550 W 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA;
45.Dipartimento di Fisica "E. Pancini," Universitá di Napoli "Federico II", Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126, Napoli, Italy;
46.INFN Sez. di Napoli, Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126, Napoli, Italy;
47.Wits Centre for Astrophysics, University of the Witwatersrand, 1 Jan Smuts Avenue, Braamfontein, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa;
48.Department of Physics, University of Pretoria, Hatfield, Pretoria 0028, South Africa;
49.Centre for Radio Astronomy Techniques and Technologies, Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, Makhanda 6140, South Africa;
50.LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon, France;
51.JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA;
52.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China;
53.University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 William T. Morrissey Boulevard, Boston, MA 02125, USA;
54.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA;
55.Department of History of Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
56.Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
57.Department of Physics, University of Illinois, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA;
58.Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA;
59.Leiden Observatory—Allegro, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands;
60.CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark;
61.Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica. Apartado Postal 51 y 216, 72000. Puebla Pue., México;
62.Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Av. Insurgentes Sur 1582, 03940, Ciudad de México, México;
63.Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, People's Republic of China;
64.NOVA Sub-mm Instrumentation Group, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands;
65.Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA;
66.Department of Astronomy, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People's Republic of China;
67.Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People's Republic of China;
68.Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan;
69.The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo, 190-8562, Japan;
70.Department of Statistical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8562, Japan;
71.Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, 277-8583, Japan;
72.ASTRAVEO, LLC, PO Box 1668, Gloucester, MA 01931, USA;
73.Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA;
74.Astronomical Institute, St. Petersburg University, Universitetskij pr., 28, Petrodvorets,198504 St.Petersburg, Russia;
75.Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582, Japan;
76.Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE), Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands;
77.Kogakuin University of Technology & Engineering, Academic Support Center, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan;
78.Physics Department, National Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 70, Lien-Hai Rd, Kaosiung City 80424, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
79.National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA;
80.Key Laboratory for Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19B Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, People's Republic of China;
81.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People's Republic of China;
82.Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People's Republic of China;
83.Italian ALMA Regional Centre, INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy;
84.Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, No.1, Sect. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
85.Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia 58089, México;
86.Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, CdMx 04510, México;
87.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China;
88.Center for Astronomical Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100012, People's Republic of China;
89.Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, People's Republic of China;
90.Gravitation Astroparticle Physics Amsterdam (GRAPPA) Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands;
91.School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, 1 Einstein Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA;
92.Tsung-Dao Lee Institute and School of Physics and Astronomy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, People's Republic of China;
93.Science Support Office, Directorate of Science, European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESA/ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands;
94.University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA;
95.Astronomy Department, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile;
96.National Institute of Technology, Hachinohe College, 16-1 Uwanotai, Tamonoki, Hachinohe City, Aomori 039-1192, Japan;
97.Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA;
98.South African Radio Astronomy Observatory, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa;
99.Department of Physics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, GR 15783 Zografos, Greece;
100.Villanova University, Mendel Science Center Rm. 263B, 800 East Lancaster Avenue, Villanova PA 19085, USA;
101.Physics Department, Washington University CB 1105, St Louis, MO 63130, USA;
102.Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada;
103.Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada;
104.Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 180 Dundas Street West, Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8, Canada;
105.Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA;
106.Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University, No. 88, Section 4, Tingzhou Road, Taipei 116, Taiwan, R.O.C.;
107.Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Strasse 1, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany;
108.School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland;
109.Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA;
110.Instituto de Radioastronomía Milimétrica, IRAM, Avenida Divina Pastora 7, Local 20, E-18012, Granada, Spain;
111.Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan;
112.Aalto University Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, PL 15500, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland;
113.Aalto University Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Metsähovintie 114, FI-02540 Kylmälä, Finland;
114.Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, Yonsei-ro 50, Seodaemun-gu, 03722 Seoul, Republic of Korea;
115.Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), Postbus 93138, 2509 AC Den Haag, The Netherlands;
116.Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan;
117.Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan;
118.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea;
119.Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Postbus 2300, 9513 RA Leiden, The Netherlands;
120.Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK;
121.Physics Department, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02453, USA;
122.School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, People's Republic of China;
123.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT, UK;
124.School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China;
125.Astronomy Department, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, People's Republic of China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Akiyama, Kazunori,Algaba, Juan Carlos,Alberdi, Antxon,et al. First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. VIII. Magnetic Field Structure near The Event Horizon[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS,2021,910(1).
APA Akiyama, Kazunori.,Algaba, Juan Carlos.,Alberdi, Antxon.,Alef, Walter.,Anantua, Richard.,...&Zhao, Shan-Shan.(2021).First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. VIII. Magnetic Field Structure near The Event Horizon.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS,910(1).
MLA Akiyama, Kazunori,et al."First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. VIII. Magnetic Field Structure near The Event Horizon".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS 910.1(2021).
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