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基于ARM架构的嵌入式系统在自动气象监测系统的应用:以NVST气象站为例
Alternative TitleThe Application of ARM-Based Embedded System in Automatic Weather Monitoring System: NVST Weather Station as an Example
王新华1,2; 陈东1; 罗林1; 张涛1; 杨磊1; 徐稚1; 谌俊毅1
Source Publication天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology)
2021-01
Volume18Issue:1Pages:108-114
DOI10.14005/j.cnki.issn1672-7673.20200722.001
ClassificationTP274
Contribution Rank第1完成单位
Indexed ByCSCD
Keyword自动气象监测系统 ARM架构嵌入式系统 气象站
Abstract

自动气象监测系统是现代天文观测台站必备的辅助系统之一,传统的自动气象监测系统基于微控制器或个人计算机开发。微控制器多用于工业控制,无法满足多任务和批量数据的快速处理;个人计算机由于高功耗、高成本及低可移动性,无法在野外使用。为了克服上述两种开发方式的缺点,采用基于ARM架构的嵌入式系统为抚仙湖1 m新真空太阳望远镜(New Vacuum Solar Telescope, NVST)开发一套低功耗、低成本、高稳定性的自动气象监测系统。介绍了1 m太阳望远镜气象站的整体设计、软硬件功能和调试中遇到的问题及解决方法。经过测试,新的系统除具备上述特性外还具有较强的鲁棒性,可以满足望远镜日常观测的需求。

Other Abstract

The automatic weather monitoring system is one of the necessary auxiliary systems of modern astronomical observation stations. Traditional automatic weather monitoring system is based on microcontroller or PC development. Microcontroller is mainly used for industrial control, which cannot meet the requirements of multi-task and batch data rapid processing. Due to high power consumption, high cost and low portability,  PC cannot be used in cases, such as when choosing a new site. In order to overcome the shortcomings of the above-mentioned two development methods, this paper adopts an embedded system based on ARM architecture for NVST to develop a low power consumption, low cost and high stability automatic weather monitoring system. This paper introduces the overall design of NVST weather station, hardware and software functions, as well as the problems and solutions.

Funding Project国家自然科学基金[U1831210]
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金[U1831210]
Language中文
Subject Area计算机应用
MOST Discipline Catalogue工学 ; 工学::计算机科学与技术(可授工学、理学学位)
ISSN1672-7673
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/24022
Collection抚仙湖太阳观测和研究基地
Corresponding Author陈东
Affiliation1.中国科学院云南天文台, 云南, 昆明, 650216
2.中国科学院大学, 北京, 100049
First Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王新华,陈东,罗林,等. 基于ARM架构的嵌入式系统在自动气象监测系统的应用:以NVST气象站为例[J]. 天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology),2021,18(1):108-114.
APA 王新华.,陈东.,罗林.,张涛.,杨磊.,...&谌俊毅.(2021).基于ARM架构的嵌入式系统在自动气象监测系统的应用:以NVST气象站为例.天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology),18(1),108-114.
MLA 王新华,et al."基于ARM架构的嵌入式系统在自动气象监测系统的应用:以NVST气象站为例".天文研究与技术(Astronomical Research & Technology) 18.1(2021):108-114.
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