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Alternative TitleApplication of array detection technology in laser ranging
张海涛1; 李祝莲1; 汤儒峰1,2; 翟东升1; 李荣旺1; 皮晓宇1; 伏红林1; 李语强1
Source Publication红外与激光工程(Infrared and Laser Engineering)
Contribution Rank第1完成单位
Indexed By核心
Keyword空间碎片激光测距 阵列探测技术 阵列超导探测器 多通道事件计时器

高精度的空间碎片观测数据对航天器碰撞预警具有重要意义,激光测距技术是目前空间目标距离测量中精度最高的一种技术,但大多数空间碎片上并未携带角反射器装置,激光测距回波信号较弱。阵列探测技术可以提高回波信号较弱的空间碎片激光测距探测成功概率,中国科学院云南天文台2015年开始开展基于阵列探测技术的激光测距试验,2017年成功将阵列超导探测器和多通道事件计时器等阵列探测技术应用于激光测距试验系统中,分别于2017年3月和2018年3月的激光测距试验中,成功采集2×2和4×4阵列激光测距数据。其中探测到最小目标为轨道高度约1000km、大小为RCS (Radar Cross Section)0.045m2的空间碎片;探测到最远目标为斜距约5000km、大小为RCS 18.25m2的空间碎片。

Other Abstract

High-precision space debris observation data is of great significance for spacecraft collision early warning. Laser ranging technology is the most accurate technology in space target distance measurement at present, but there is no angle reflector device on most of space debris, and the echo signal of space debris laser ranging is weak. Array detection technology can improve the success probability of space debris laser ranging detection with weak echo signal. Yunnan Observatory of Chinese Academy of Sciences started to carry out space debris laser ranging test based on array detection technology in 2015, and successfully applied array detection technology such as array superconducting nanowire single photon detector and multi-channel event timer to laser ranging test system in 2017, 2 × 2 array laser ranging data were successfully collected in the space debris laser ranging test in March 2017, and 4 × 4 array laser ranging data were successfully collected in the space debris laser ranging test in March 2018. Among them, the minimum target detected is the space debris with orbit height of about 1000km and size of RCS (Radar Cross Section) 0.045m2; the farthest target detected is the space debris with oblique distance of about 5000km and size of RCS 18.25m2.

Funding Project国家自然科学基金青年科学基金[11703086] ; 国家自然科学基金天文联合基金[U1631134] ; 国家自然科学基金天文联合基金[U1431116]
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金青年科学基金[11703086] ; 国家自然科学基金天文联合基金[U1631134, U1431116]
Subject Area物理学 ; 光学 ; 天文学 ; 天体测量学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学 ; 工学 ; 工学::光学工程
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.中国科学院云南天文台, 云南, 昆明, 650216
2.中国科学院大学, 北京, 100049
First Author AffilicationYunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张海涛,李祝莲,汤儒峰,等. 阵列探测技术在激光测距中的应用[J]. 红外与激光工程(Infrared and Laser Engineering),2020.
APA 张海涛.,李祝莲.,汤儒峰.,翟东升.,李荣旺.,...&李语强.(2020).阵列探测技术在激光测距中的应用.红外与激光工程(Infrared and Laser Engineering).
MLA 张海涛,et al."阵列探测技术在激光测距中的应用".红外与激光工程(Infrared and Laser Engineering) (2020).
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