YNAO OpenIR  > 丽江天文观测站(南方基地)
First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole
Akiyama,Kazunori1,2,3,4; Alberdi,Antxon5; Alef,Walter6; Asada,Keiichi7; Azulay,Rebecca6,8,9; Baczko,Anne-Kathrin6; Ball,David10; Balokovi?,Mislav4,11; Barrett,John2; Bintley,Dan12; Blackburn,Lindy4,11; Boland,Wilfred13; Bouman,Katherine L.4,11,14; Bower,Geoffrey C.15; Bremer,Michael16; Brinkerink,Christiaan D.17; Brissenden,Roger4,11; Britzen,Silke6; Broderick,Avery E.18,19,20; Broguiere,Dominique16; Bronzwaer,Thomas17; Byun,Do-Young21,22; Carlstrom,John E.23,24,25,26; Chael,Andrew4,11; Chan,Chi-kwan10,27; Chatterjee,Shami28; Chatterjee,Koushik29; Chen,Ming-Tang15; Chen,Yongjun30,31; Cho,Ilje21,22; Christian,Pierre10,11; Conway,John E.32; Cordes,James M.28; Crew,Geoffrey B.2; Cui,Yuzhu33,34; Davelaar,Jordy17; Laurentis,Mariafelicia De35,36,37; Deane,Roger38,39; Dempsey,Jessica12; Desvignes,Gregory6; Dexter,Jason40; Doeleman,Sheperd S.4,11; Eatough,Ralph P.6; Falcke,Heino17; Fish,Vincent L.2; Fomalont,Ed1; Fraga-Encinas,Raquel17; Freeman,William T.41,42; Friberg,Per12; Fromm,Christian M.36; Gómez,José L.5; Galison,Peter4,43,44; Gammie,Charles F.45,46; García,Roberto16; Gentaz,Olivier16; Georgiev,Boris19,20; Goddi,Ciriaco17,47; Gold,Roman36; Gu,Minfeng30,48; Gurwell,Mark11; Hada,Kazuhiro33,34; Hecht,Michael H.2; Hesper,Ronald49; Ho,Luis C.50,51; Ho,Paul7; Honma,Mareki33,34; Huang,Chih-Wei L.7; Huang,Lei30,48; Hughes,David H.52; Ikeda,Shiro3,53,54,55; Inoue,Makoto7; Issaoun,Sara17; James,David J.4,11; Jannuzi,Buell T.10; Janssen,Michael17; Jeter,Britton19,20; Jiang,Wu30; Johnson,Michael D.4,11; Jorstad,Svetlana56,57; Jung,Taehyun21,22; Karami,Mansour18,19; Karuppusamy,Ramesh6; Kawashima,Tomohisa3; Keating,Garrett K.11; Kettenis,Mark58; Kim,Jae-Young6; Kim,Junhan10; Kim,Jongsoo21; Kino,Motoki3,59; Koay,Jun Yi7; Koch,Patrick M.7; Koyama,Shoko7; Kramer,Michael6; Kramer,Carsten16; Krichbaum,Thomas P.6; Kuo,Cheng-Yu60; Lauer,Tod R.61; Lee,Sang-Sung21; Li,Yan-Rong62; Li,Zhiyuan63,64; Lindqvist,Michael32; Liu,Kuo6; Liuzzo,Elisabetta65; Lo,Wen-Ping7,66; Lobanov,Andrei P.6; Loinard,Laurent67,68; Lonsdale,Colin2; Lu,Ru-Sen6,30; MacDonald,Nicholas R.6; Mao JR(毛基荣)69,70,71; Markoff,Sera29,72; Marrone,Daniel P.10; Marscher,Alan P.56; Martí-Vidal,Iván32,73; Matsushita,Satoki7; Matthews,Lynn D.2; Medeiros,Lia10,74; Menten,Karl M.6; Mizuno,Yosuke36; Mizuno,Izumi12; Moran,James M.4,11; Moriyama,Kotaro2,33; Moscibrodzka,Monika17; Müller,Cornelia6,17; Nagai,Hiroshi3,34; Nagar,Neil M.75; Nakamura,Masanori7; Narayan,Ramesh4,11; Narayanan,Gopal76; Natarajan,Iniyan39; Neri,Roberto16; Ni,Chunchong19,20; Noutsos,Aristeidis6; Okino,Hiroki33,77; Olivares,Héctor36; Ortiz-León,Gisela N.6; Oyama,Tomoaki33; ?zel,Feryal10; Palumbo,Daniel C. M.4,11; Patel,Nimesh11; Pen,Ue-Li18,78,79,80; Pesce,Dominic W.4,11; Piétu,Vincent16; Plambeck,Richard81; PopStefanija,Aleksandar76; Porth,Oliver29,36; Prather,Ben45; Preciado-López,Jorge A.18; Psaltis,Dimitrios10; Pu,Hung-Yi18; Ramakrishnan,Venkatessh75; Rao,Ramprasad15; Rawlings,Mark G.12; Raymond,Alexander W.4,11; Rezzolla,Luciano36; Ripperda,Bart36; Roelofs,Freek17; Rogers,Alan2; Ros,Eduardo6; Rose,Mel10; Roshanineshat,Arash10; Rottmann,Helge6; Roy,Alan L.6; Ruszczyk,Chet2; Ryan,Benjamin R.82,83; Rygl,Kazi L. J.65; Sánchez,Salvador84; Sánchez-Arguelles,David52,85; Sasada,Mahito33,86; Savolainen,Tuomas6,87,88; Schloerb,F. Peter76; Schuster,Karl-Friedrich16; Shao,Lijing6,51; Shen,Zhiqiang30,31; Small,Des58; Sohn,Bong Won21,22,89; SooHoo,Jason2; Tazaki,Fumie33; Tiede,Paul19,20; Tilanus,Remo P. J.17,47,90; Titus,Michael2; Toma,Kenji91,92; Torne,Pablo6,84; Trent,Tyler10; Trippe,Sascha93; Tsuda,Shuichiro33; Bemmel,Ilse van58; van Langevelde,Huib Jan58,94; van Rossum,Daniel R.17; Wagner,Jan6; Wardle,John95; Weintroub,Jonathan4,11; Wex,Norbert6; Wharton,Robert6; Wielgus,Maciek4,11; Wong,George N.45; Wu,Qingwen96; Young,Ken11; Young,André17; Younsi,Ziri36,97; Yuan,Feng30,48,98; Yuan,Ye-Fei99; Zensus,J. Anton6; Zhao,Guangyao21; Zhao,Shan-Shan17,63; Zhu,Ziyan44; Algaba,Juan-Carlos7,100; Allardi,Alexander101; Amestica,Rodrigo102; Anczarski,Jadyn103; Bach,Uwe6; Baganoff,Frederick K.104; Beaudoin,Christopher2; Benson,Bradford A.24,26; Berthold,Ryan12; Blanchard,Jay M.58,75; Blundell,Ray11; Bustamente,Sandra105; Cappallo,Roger2; Castillo-Domínguez,Edgar105,106; Chang,Chih-Cheng7,107; Chang,Shu-Hao7; Chang,Song-Chu107; Chen,Chung-Chen7; Chilson,Ryan15; Chuter,Tim C.12; Rosado,Rodrigo Córdova4,11; Coulson,Iain M.12; Crawford,Thomas M.24,25; Crowley,Joseph108; David,John84; Derome,Mark2; Dexter,Matthew109; Dornbusch,Sven6; Dudevoir,Kevin A.2,144; Dzib,Sergio A.6; Eckart,Andreas6,110; Eckert,Chris2; Erickson,Neal R.76; Everett,Wendeline B.111; Faber,Aaron112; Farah,Joseph R.4,11,113; Fath,Vernon76; Folkers,Thomas W.10; Forbes,David C.10; Freund,Robert10; Gómez-Ruiz,Arturo I.105,106; Gale,David M.105; Gao,Feng30,40; Geertsema,Gertie114; Graham,David A.6; Greer,Christopher H.10; Grosslein,Ronald76; Gueth,Frédéric16; Haggard,Daryl115,116,117; Halverson,Nils W.118; Han,Chih-Chiang7; Han,Kuo-Chang107; Hao,Jinchi107; Hasegawa,Yutaka7; Henning,Jason W.23,119; Hernández-Gómez,Antonio67,120; Herrero-Illana,Rubén121; Heyminck,Stefan6; Hirota,Akihiko3,7; Hoge,James12; Huang,Yau-De7; Impellizzeri,C. M. Violette1,7; Jiang,Homin7; Kamble,Atish4,11; Keisler,Ryan25; Kimura,Kimihiro7; Kono,Yusuke3; Kubo,Derek122; Kuroda,John12; Lacasse,Richard102; Laing,Robert A.123; Leitch,Erik M.23; Li,Chao-Te7; Lin,Lupin C.-C.7,124; Liu,Ching-Tang107; Liu,Kuan-Yu7; Lu,Li-Ming107; Marson,Ralph G.125; Martin-Cocher,Pierre L.7; Massingill,Kyle D.10; Matulonis,Callie12; McColl,Martin P.10; McWhirter,Stephen R.2; Messias,Hugo121,126; Meyer-Zhao,Zheng7,127; Michalik,Daniel128,129; Monta?a,Alfredo105,106; Montgomerie,William12; Mora-Klein,Matias102; Muders,Dirk6; Nadolski,Andrew46; Navarro,Santiago84; Neilsen,Joseph103; Nguyen,Chi H.10,130; Nishioka,Hiroaki7; Norton,Timothy11; Nowak,Michael A.131; Nystrom,George15; Ogawa,Hideo132; Oshiro,Peter15; Oyama,Tomoaki133; Parsons,Harriet12; Paine,Scott N.11; Pe?alver,Juan84; Phillips,Neil M.121,126; Poirier,Michael2; Pradel,Nicolas7; Primiani,Rurik A.134; Raffin,Philippe A.15; Rahlin,Alexandra S.23,135; Reiland,George10; Risacher,Christopher16; Ruiz,Ignacio84; Sáez-Madaín,Alejandro F.102,126; Sassella,Remi16; Schellart,Pim17,136; Shaw,Paul7; Silva,Kevin M.12; Shiokawa,Hotaka11; Smith,David R.137,138; Snow,William15; Souccar,Kamal76; Sousa,Don2; Sridharan,T. K.11; Srinivasan,Ranjani15; Stahm,William12; Stark,Anthony A.11; Story,Kyle139; Timmer,Sjoerd T.17; Vertatschitsch,Laura11,134; Walther,Craig12; Wei,Ta-Shun7; Whitehorn,Nathan140; Whitney,Alan R.2; Woody,David P.141; Wouterloot,Jan G. A.12; Wright,Melvin142; Yamaguchi,Paul11; Yu,Chen-Yu7; Zeballos,Milagros105,143; Zhang,Shuo104; Ziurys,Lucy10
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS
2019-04-10
Volume875Issue:1Pages:17
DOI10.3847/2041-8213/ab0ec7
Contribution Rank第69完成单位
Indexed BySCI
Keywordaccretion, accretion disks black hole physics galaxies: active galaxies: individual (M87) galaxies: jets gravitation
Abstract

When surrounded by a transparent emission region, black holes are expected to reveal a dark shadow caused by gravitational light bending and photon capture at the event horizon. To image and study this phenomenon, we have assembled the Event Horizon Telescope, a global very long baseline interferometry array observing at a wavelength of 1.3 mm. This allows us to reconstruct event-horizon-scale images of the supermassive black hole candidate in the center of the giant elliptical galaxy M87. We have resolved the central compact radio source as an asymmetric bright emission ring with a diameter of 42 +/- 3 mu as, which is circular and encompasses a central depression in brightness with a flux ratio greater than or similar to 10: 1. The emission ring is recovered using different calibration and imaging schemes, with its diameter and width remaining stable over four different observations carried out in different days. Overall, the observed image is consistent with expectations for the shadow of a Kerr black hole as predicted by general relativity. The asymmetry in brightness in the ring can be explained in terms of relativistic beaming of the emission from a plasma rotating close to the speed of light around a black hole. We compare our images to an extensive library of ray-traced general-relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations of black holes and derive a central mass of M = (6.5 +/- 0.7) x 10(9) M-circle dot. Our radio-wave observations thus provide powerful evidence for the presence of supermassive black holes in centers of galaxies and as the central engines of active galactic nuclei. They also present a new tool to explore gravity in its most extreme limit and on a mass scale that was so far not accessible.

Funding ProjectAcademy of Finland[274477] ; Academy of Finland[284495] ; Academy of Finland[312496] ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action[731016] ; Black Hole Initiative at Harvard University through the John Templeton Foundation[60477] ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile)[PIA ACT172033] ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile)[Fondecyt 1171506] ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile)[BASAL AFB-170002] ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile)[ALMA-conicyt 31140007] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[104497] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[275201] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[279006] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[281692] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417] ; European Research Council (ERC) Synergy Grant "Black-HoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes"[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana[APOSTD/2018/177] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-3561] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-5278] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF 947] ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; JSPS ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SYS008] ; Leverhulme Trust ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K13594] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K03656] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18H03721] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18K03709] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18H01245] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[25120007] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2112-M-001-025-MY3] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2112-M-001-011] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2119-M-001-027] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-017] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-020] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-110-005] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant)[80NSSC17K0649] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400702] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0352953] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0521233] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0705062] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0905844] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0922984] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1126433] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1140030] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[DGE-1144085] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207704] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207730] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207752] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[MRI-1228509] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11573051] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11633006] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11650110427] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[10625314] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11721303] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11725312] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11873028] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11873073] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[U1531245] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11473010] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; National Research Foundation of Korea[2015-R1D1A1A01056807] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship)[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Korea Research Fellowship Program)[NRF-2015H1D3A1066561] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award[639.043.513] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council[2017-00648] ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade ; Russian Science Foundation[17-12-01029] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[AYA2015-63939-C2-1-P] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[AYA2016-80889-P] ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" award[SEV-2017-0709] ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE[89233218CNA000001] ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA[CUP C52I13000140001] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme[730562 RadioNet] ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; NSF[ACI-1548562] ; NSF[DBI-0735191] ; NSF[DBI-1265383] ; NSF[DBI-1743442] ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Academia Sinica ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award[PHY-0114422] ; Kavli Foundation ; GBMF[GBMF-947] ; National Science Foundation[PLR-1248097] ; NSF Physics Frontier Center grant[PHY-1125897] ; [TM6-17006X] ; [OPP-1248097] ; [AST-1310896] ; [AST-1312651] ; [AST-1337663] ; [AST-1440254] ; [AST-1555365] ; [AST-1715061] ; [AST-1615796] ; [AST-1614868] ; [AST-1716327] ; [OISE-1743747] ; [AST-1816420]
Funding OrganizationAcademy of Finland[274477, 284495, 312496] ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action[731016] ; Black Hole Initiative at Harvard University through the John Templeton Foundation[60477] ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile)[PIA ACT172033, Fondecyt 1171506, BASAL AFB-170002, ALMA-conicyt 31140007] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[104497, 275201, 279006, 281692] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417] ; European Research Council (ERC) Synergy Grant "Black-HoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes"[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana[APOSTD/2018/177] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-3561, GBMF-5278, GBMF 947] ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; JSPS ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057, QYZDJ-SSW-SYS008] ; Leverhulme Trust ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090, JP18K13594, JP18K03656, JP18H03721, 18K03709, 18H01245, 25120007] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2112-M-001-025-MY3, 106-2112-M-001-011, 106-2119-M-001-027, 107-2119-M-001-017, 107-2119-M-001-020, 107-2119-M-110-005] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant)[80NSSC17K0649] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704, 2016YFA0400702] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454, AST-0352953, AST-0521233, AST-0705062, AST-0905844, AST-0922984, AST-1126433, AST-1140030, DGE-1144085, AST-1207704, AST-1207730, AST-1207752, MRI-1228509] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11573051, 11633006, 11650110427, 10625314, 11721303, 11725312, 11873028, 11873073, U1531245, 11473010] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; National Research Foundation of Korea[2015-R1D1A1A01056807] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Global PhD Fellowship)[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752] ; National Research Foundation of Korea (Korea Research Fellowship Program)[NRF-2015H1D3A1066561] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award[639.043.513] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council[2017-00648] ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade ; Russian Science Foundation[17-12-01029] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[AYA2015-63939-C2-1-P, AYA2016-80889-P] ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" award[SEV-2017-0709] ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE[89233218CNA000001] ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA[CUP C52I13000140001] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme[730562 RadioNet] ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; NSF[ACI-1548562, DBI-0735191, DBI-1265383, DBI-1743442] ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Academia Sinica ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award[PHY-0114422] ; Kavli Foundation ; GBMF[GBMF-947] ; National Science Foundation[PLR-1248097] ; NSF Physics Frontier Center grant[PHY-1125897] ; [TM6-17006X] ; [OPP-1248097] ; [AST-1310896] ; [AST-1312651] ; [AST-1337663] ; [AST-1440254] ; [AST-1555365] ; [AST-1715061] ; [AST-1615796] ; [AST-1614868] ; [AST-1716327] ; [OISE-1743747] ; [AST-1816420]
Language英语
Subject Area天文学 ; 天体物理学 ; 高能天体物理学 ; 星系与宇宙学
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeArticle
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Publication PlaceTEMPLE CIRCUS, TEMPLE WAY, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
ISSN2041-8205
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000464210800001
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS KeywordSAGITTARIUS-A-ASTERISK ; ADVECTION-DOMINATED ACCRETION ; GHZ VLBI OBSERVATIONS ; RADIO-SOURCES ; GALACTIC-CENTER ; ENERGY-DISTRIBUTIONS ; GRMHD SIMULATIONS ; FARADAY-ROTATION ; HIGH-RESOLUTION ; IONIZED-GAS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:92[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/19724
Collection丽江天文观测站(南方基地)
中国科学院天体结构与演化重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorAkiyama,Kazunori
Affiliation1.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
2.Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Haystack Observatory, 99 Millstone Road, Westford, MA 01886, USA
3.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
4.Black Hole Initiative at Harvard University, 20 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
5.Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada, Spain
6.Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
7.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 11F of Astronomy-Mathematics Building, AS/NTU No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Rd, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C.
8.Departament d’Astronomia i Astrofísica, Universitat de València, C. Dr. Moliner 50, E-46100 Burjassot, València, Spain
9.Observatori Astronòmic, Universitat de València, C. Catedrático José Beltrán 2, E-46980 Paterna, València, Spain
10.Steward Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
11.Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
12.East Asian Observatory, 660 N. A’ohoku Pl., Hilo, HI 96720, USA
13.Nederlandse Onderzoekschool voor Astronomie (NOVA), PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
14.California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
15.Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, 645 N. A’ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
16.Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique, 300 rue de la Piscine, F-38406 Saint Martin d’Hères, France
17.Department of Astrophysics, Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics (IMAPP), Radboud University, P.O. Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
18.Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline Street North, Waterloo, ON, N2L 2Y5, Canada
19.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada
20.Waterloo Centre for Astrophysics, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1 Canada
21.Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daedeok-daero 776, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34055, Republic of Korea
22.University of Science and Technology, Gajeong-ro 217, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34113, Republic of Korea
23.Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
24.Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
25.Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5720 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
26.Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
27.Data Science Institute, University of Arizona, 1230 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
28.Cornell Center for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
29.Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
30.Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, People’s Republic of China
31.Key Laboratory of Radio Astronomy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, People’s Republic of China
32.Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, SE-439 92 Onsala, Sweden
33.Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-12 Hoshigaoka, Mizusawa, Oshu, Iwate 023-0861, Japan
34.Department of Astronomical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
35.Dipartimento di Fisica “E. Pancini,” Universitá di Napoli “Federico II,” Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126, Napoli, Italy
36.Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universit?t Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Stra?e 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
37.INFN Sez. di Napoli, Compl. Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, Edificio G, Via Cinthia, I-80126, Napoli, Italy
38.Department of Physics, University of Pretoria, Lynnwood Road, Hatfield, Pretoria 0083, South Africa
39.Centre for Radio Astronomy Techniques and Technologies, Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
40.Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstr. 1, D-85748 Garching, Germany
41.Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 32-D476, 77 Massachussetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
42.Google Research, 355 Main St., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA
43.Department of History of Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
44.Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
45.Department of Physics, University of Illinois, 1110 West Green St, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
46.Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
47.Leiden Observatory—Allegro, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
48.Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, People’s Republic of China
49.NOVA Sub-mm Instrumentation Group, Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
50.Department of Astronomy, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People’s Republic of China
51.Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, People’s Republic of China
52.Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, óptica y Electrónica. Apartado Postal 51 y 216, 72000. Puebla Pue., México
53.The Institute of Statistical Mathematics, 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo, 190-8562, Japan
54.Department of Statistical Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 10-3 Midori-cho, Tachikawa, Tokyo 190-8562, Japan
55.Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, 277-8583, Japan
56.Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215, USA
57.Astronomical Institute, St. Petersburg University, Universitetskij pr., 28, Petrodvorets, 198504 St. Petersburg, Russia
58.Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC (JIVE), Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
59.Kogakuin University of Technology & Engineering, Academic Support Center, 2665-1 Nakano, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0015, Japan
60.Physics Department, National Sun Yat-Sen University, No. 70, Lien-Hai Rd, Kaosiung City 80424, Taiwan, R.O.C
61.National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
62.Key Laboratory for Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19B Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
63.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People’s Republic of China
64.Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People’s Republic of China
65.Italian ALMA Regional Centre, INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy
66.Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, No.1, Sect.4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei 10617, Taiwan, R.O.C
67.Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia 58089, México
68.Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, CdMx 04510, México
69.Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, Yunnan Province, People’s Republic of China
70.Center for Astronomical Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100012, People’s Republic of China
71.Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, People’s Republic of China
72.Gravitation Astroparticle Physics Amsterdam (GRAPPA) Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
73.Centro Astronómico de Yebes (IGN), Apartado 148, E-19180 E-Yebes, Spain
74.Department of Physics, Broida Hall, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
75.Astronomy Department, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
76.Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, 01003, Amherst, MA, USA
77.Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
78.Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada
79.Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada
80.Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 180 Dundas St West, Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8, Canada
81.Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
82.CCS-2, Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
83.Center for Theoretical Astrophysics, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, 87545, USA
84.Instituto de Radioastronomía Milimétrica, IRAM, Avenida Divina Pastora 7, Local 20, E-18012, Granada, Spain
85.Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Av. Insurgentes Sur 1582, 03940, Ciudad de México, México
86.Hiroshima Astrophysical Science Center, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan
87.Aalto University Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, PL 15500, FI-00076 Aalto, Finland
88.Aalto University Mets?hovi Radio Observatory, Mets?hovintie 114, FI-02540 Kylm?l?, Finland
89.Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, Yonsei-ro 50, Seodaemun-gu, 03722 Seoul, Republic of Korea
90.Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), Postbus 93138, 2509 AC Den Haag , The Netherlands
91.Frontier Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan
92.Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan
93.Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea
94.Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Postbus 2300, 9513 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
95.Physics Department, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, Waltham, MA 02453, USA
96.School of Physics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, People’s Republic of China
97.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking, Surrey, RH5 6NT, UK
98.School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, People’s Republic of China
99.Astronomy Department, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, People’s Republic of China
100.Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
101.University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
102.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, NRAO Technology Center, 1180 Boxwood Estate Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA
103.Department of Physics, Villanova University, 800 E. Lancaster Ave, Villanova, PA, 19085, USA
104.Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
105.Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, óptica y Electrónica, Luis Enrique Erro 1, Tonantzintla, Puebla, C.P. 72840, Mexico
106.Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Av. Insurgentes Sur 1582, Col. Crédito Constructor, CDMX, C.P. 03940, Mexico
107.National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology, No.566, Ln. 134, Longyuan Rd., Longtan Dist., Taoyuan City 325, Taiwan, R.O.C.
108.MIT Haystack Observatory, 99 Millstone Road, Westford, MA 01886, USA
109.Dept. of Astronomy, Univ. of California Berkeley, 501 Campbell, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
110.Physikalisches Institut der Universit?t zu K?ln, Zülpicher Str. 77, D-50937 K?ln, Germany
111.CASA, Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
112.Western University, 1151 Richmond Street, London, Ontario, N6A 3K7, Canada
113.University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 William T, Morrissey Blvd, Boston, MA 02125, USA
114.Research and Development Weather and Climate Models, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Utrechtseweg 297, 3731 GA, De Bilt, The Netherlands
115.Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montréal, QC H3A 2T8, Canada
116.McGill Space Institute, McGill University, 3550 University Street, Montréal, QC H3A 2A7, Canada
117.CIFAR Azrieli Global Scholar, Gravity & the Extreme Universe Program, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 661 University Avenue, Suite 505, Toronto, ON M5G 1M1, Canada
118.Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
119.High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL, 60439, USA
120.IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, CNES, Toulouse, France
121.European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago de Chile, Chile
122.ASIAA Hilo Office, 645 N. A‘ohoku Place, University Park, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
123.Square Kilometre Array Organisation, Jodrell Bank Observatory, Lower Withington, Macclesfield, Cheshire SK11 9DL, UK
124.Department of Physics, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan, 44919, Republic of Korea
125.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box O, Socorro, NM 87801, USA
126.Joint ALMA Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura 763-0355, Santiago de Chile, Chile
127.ASTRON, Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
128.Science Support Office, Directorate of Science, European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESA/ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands
129.University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
130.Center for Detectors, School of Physics and Astronomy, Rochester Institute of Technology, 1 Lomb Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
131.Physics Dept., CB 1105, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA
132.Osaka Prefecture University, Gakuencyou Sakai Osaka, Sakai 599-8531, Kinki, Japan
133.Mizusawa VLBI Observatory, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Ohshu, Iwate 023-0861, Japan
134.Systems & Technology Research, 600 West Cummings Park, Woburn, MA 01801, USA
135.Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
136.Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
137.MERLAB, 357 S. Candler St., Decatur, GA 30030, USA
138.GWW School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 771 Ferst Dr., Atlanta, GA 30332, USA
139.Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
140.Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
141.Owens Valley Radio Observatory, California Institute of Technology, Big Pine, CA 93513, USA
142.Dept. of Astronomy, Radio Astronomy Laboratory, Univ. of California Berkeley, 601 Campbell, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
143.Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Sta. Catarina Mártir S/N, San Andrés Cholula, Puebla, C.P. 72810, Mexico
144.Deceased.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Akiyama,Kazunori,Alberdi,Antxon,Alef,Walter,et al. First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS,2019,875(1):17.
APA Akiyama,Kazunori.,Alberdi,Antxon.,Alef,Walter.,Asada,Keiichi.,Azulay,Rebecca.,...&Ziurys,Lucy.(2019).First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS,875(1),17.
MLA Akiyama,Kazunori,et al."First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS 875.1(2019):17.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
First M87 Event Hori(2517KB)期刊论文出版稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SAView Application Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Akiyama,Kazunori]'s Articles
[Alberdi,Antxon]'s Articles
[Alef,Walter]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Akiyama,Kazunori]'s Articles
[Alberdi,Antxon]'s Articles
[Alef,Walter]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Akiyama,Kazunori]'s Articles
[Alberdi,Antxon]'s Articles
[Alef,Walter]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.