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The High cosmic-Radiation Detection (HERD) Facility onboard China's Future Space Station
Zhang, SN1; Adriani, O2; Albergo, S2; Ambrosi, G2; An, Q3; Bao, TW1; Battiston, R4; Bi, XJ1; Cao, Z1; Chai, JY1; Chang, J5; Chen, GM1; Chen, Y6; Cui, XH7; Dai, ZG6; D'Alessandro, R2; Dong, YW1; Fan, YZ5; Feng, CQ3; Feng, H8; Feng, ZY1; Gao, XH9; Gargano, F2; Giglietto, N2; Gou, QB1; Guo, YQ1; Hu, BL9; Hu, HB1; He, HH1; Huang, GS3; Huang, J1; Huang, YF6; Li, H1; Li, L1; Li, YG1; Li, Z10; Liang, EW11; Liu, H1; Liu, JB3; Liu, JT1; Liu, SB3; Liu, SM5; Liu, X1; Lu, JG1; Mazziotto, MN2; Mori, N2; Orsi, S12; Pearce, M13; Pohl, M14; Quan, Z1; Ryde, F13; Shi, HL1; Spillantini, P2; Su, M15; Sun, JC1; Sun, XL1; Tang, ZC1; Walter, R12; Wang JC(王建成)16; Wang, JM1; Wang, L9; Wang, RJ1; Wang, XL3; Wang, XY6; Wang, ZG24; Wei, DM5; Wu, BB1; Wu, J17; Wu, X12; Wu, XF5; Xia, JQ1; Xiao, HL22; Xu, HH1; Xu, M23; Xu, ZZ3; Yan, HR10; Yin, PF1; Yu, YW18; Yuan, Q1; Zha, M1; Zhang, L19; Zhang, L20; Zhang, LY1; Zhang, Y21; Zhang, YJ1; Zhang, YL3; Zhao, ZG3
Source PublicationProceedings of SPIE - SPACE TELESCOPES AND INSTRUMENTATION 2014: ULTRAVIOLET TO GAMMA RAY
2014
Volume9144
DOI10.1117/12.2055280
Author of SourceTakahashi, T; DenHerder, JWA; Bautz, M
Contribution Rank第15完成单位
Indexed ByEI ; CPCI
Conference NameConference on Space Telescopes and Instrumentation - Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
Conference Date2014-06-22
Conference PlaceMontreal, CANADA
Conference SponsorSPIE
KeywordSpace Experiment Calorimeter Microstrip Silicon Track Cosmic Ray Dark Matter Gamma-ray Electron
Abstract

The High Energy cosmic-Radiation Detection (HERD) facility is one of several space astronomy payloads of the cosmic lighthouse program onboard China's Space Station, which is planned for operation starting around 2020 for about 10 years. The main scientific objectives of HERD are indirect dark matter search, precise cosmic ray spectrum and composition measurements up to the knee energy, and high energy gamma-ray monitoring and survey. HERD is composed of a 3-D cubic calorimeter (CALO) surrounded by microstrip silicon trackers (STKs) from five sides except the bottom. CALO is made of about 10(4) cubes of LYSO crystals, corresponding to about 55 radiation lengths and 3 nuclear interaction lengths, respectively. The top STK microstrips of seven X-Y layers are sandwiched with tungsten converters to make precise directional measurements of incoming electrons and gamma-rays. In the baseline design, each of the four side SKTs is made of only three layers microstrips. All STKs will also be used for measuring the charge and incoming directions of cosmic rays, as well as identifying back scattered tracks. With this design, HERD can achieve the following performance: energy resolution of 1% for electrons and gamma-rays beyond 100 GeV, 20% for protons from 100 GeV to 1 PeV; electron/proton separation power better than 10(-5); effective geometrical factors of >3 m(2) sr for electron and diffuse gamma-rays, >2 m(2) sr for cosmic ray nuclei. R&D is under way for reading out the LYSO signals with optical fiber coupled to image intensified CCD and the prototype of one layer of CALO.

Funding ProjectChinese Strategic Pioneer Program in Space Science[XDA04075600] ; Qianren start-up grant[292012312D1117210] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[11327303] ; Cross-disciplinary Collaborative Teams Program for Science, Technology and Innovation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Research Team of The High Energy cosmic-Radiation Detection
Funding OrganizationChinese Strategic Pioneer Program in Space Science ; Qianren start-up grant ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[11327303] ; Cross-disciplinary Collaborative Teams Program for Science, Technology and Innovation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Research Team of The High Energy cosmic-Radiation Detection
Language英语
Subject Area物理学 ; 光学 ; 天文学 ; 空间天文学 ; 天文学其他学科
MOST Discipline Catalogue理学 ; 理学::物理学 ; 理学::天文学
SubtypeProceedings Paper
PublisherSPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING
Publication Place1000 20TH ST, PO BOX 10, BELLINGHAM, WA 98227-0010 USA
ISBN978-0-8194-9612-6
ISSN0277-786X
URL查看原文
WOS IDWOS:000354529100027
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics ; Instruments & Instrumentation ; Optics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics ; Instruments & Instrumentation ; Optics
WOS KeywordHelium Spectra ; Ray Proton ; Energy-spectrum ; Nuclei ; Range ; Array ; Knee
EI Accession Number20150700523490
EI KeywordsGamma Rays
EI Classification Number656.1space Flight - 657space Physics - 657.2extraterrestrial Physics And Stellar Phenomena - 741.1.2fiber Optics - 741.3optical Devices And Systems - 931.3atomic And Molecular Physics - 944.5temperature Measuring Instruments
Citation statistics
Cited Times:37[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type会议论文
Identifierhttp://ir.ynao.ac.cn/handle/114a53/191
Collection高能天体物理研究组
Corresponding AuthorZhang, SN
Affiliation1.Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
2.Center of Experimental Physics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
3.Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China
4.Xi'An Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, China
5.Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China
6.School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
7.Department of Astronomy, Peking University, Beijing, China
8.Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
9.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
10.Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China
11.Department of Astronomy, Yunan University, Kunming, China
12.Department of Physics, Guangxi University, Nanning, China
13.Institute of Astrophysics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China
14.Department of Physics, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China
15.Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Bari, Italy
16.INFN Sezione di Firenze, Florence, Italy
17.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
18.INFN Sezione di Perugia, Perugia, Italy
19.INFN-TIFPA and Universitc di Trento, Trento, Italy
20.INFN Sezione di Catania and Universitc di Catania, Catania, Italy
21.DPNC, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
22.ISDC Data Centre for Astrophysics, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
23.Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden
24.Department of Physics, Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge; MA, United States
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, SN,Adriani, O,Albergo, S,et al. The High cosmic-Radiation Detection (HERD) Facility onboard China's Future Space Station[C]//Takahashi, T; DenHerder, JWA; Bautz, M. 1000 20TH ST, PO BOX 10, BELLINGHAM, WA 98227-0010 USA:SPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING,2014.
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